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History And Celebration Of Bengali New Year

Updated on April 14, 2011

Bengali New Year or Poila Boisakh is celebrated on the mid april of the English year and on 14th April in Bangladesh. This is the first day of the Bengali first month Baisakh according to Hindu Vedic Solar Calendar, based on Surya Siddhanta. This festival generally celebrates in West Bengal, Bangladesh, Tripura and Assam. It is a public holiday in West Bengal and in Assam In India and in Bangladesh it is a national holuday.

This festival is initiated by the famous Mughal Emperor Akbar. During Mughal reign, Hindus were bound to pay taxes as per the rule of Muslim Hijri calendar, based on luner calendar which did not coincide with the harvest. To give relief and to streamline the tax collection Mughal emperor ordered a reform of the calendar and from there the celebration was started. The custom was that on the last day of Chaitro, the last month of the previous year, all tax should be clear up and on the next day landlord would entertain their tenants with sweets.

Now at this present time, Baisakhi month is auspicious and great time for marriage. And on the very day people also enjoy with great spirit and enthusiasm. Especially in Kolkata, people wear new dresses, especially ladies wear saree in the conventional way and men wear dhoti and kurta. At many places fair is commenced. There use to be various items present for riding. People buy ornaments, toys for children, utensils and many more products, they eat foods, snakes and hawkers gather there for a great sell with huge collection of products. During Chaitra, the last month of the previous year, seller sales products with huge discounts, this is known as “Chaitra Sell”. People also buy lots of things, garments for their family members, relatives and also for their beloved ones.

On this very day many shop keepers worship Lord Ganesha and Ma Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth for wealth, prosperity and welfare. It is marked as the beginning of the business. The Hindu traders purchase new accounting book which is known as “Halkhata”. And on the front page the draw a swastika with red sindoor. People have also chosen this day for socializing. Many shop keepers invite their customers at their shops to take part in the celebration. People greet each other by exchanging sweets, they decorate their home with colorful rangoli contained with minced rice and mixed with water and draw beautiful designs in front of the door which is known as “Alpona”. Then they placed a red clay pot in the center of the alpona filled with holy water and mango leaves. Bengalis use to celebrate this festival with great love, spirit and enthusiasm and in this modern era they also greet their closed one through beautiful Bengali New Year Scraps and Bengali New Year SMS and by saying “Subho Naboborso” or “Subho Poila Boisakh”to convey their love and feelings for them.

Here are some SMS you may like to wish to everyone

Bondhu mane Nil Sagore Uchle Pora Dheu,
Bondhu mane Apon Kore Khuja Newa Kau.
Bondhu mane Dure Giyeo Thaka Kachakachi,
Sokal-bikel Janie dewa “BONDHU AMI ACHI”
Shuvo Nobo Borsho

I met love, health, peace and joy,
They needed a permanent place to stay.
I gave them ur address hope they arrived safely.

"Happy Bengali New Year"

I Wish in 1418
God gives You…
12 Month of Happiness,
52 Weeks of Fun,
365 Days Success,
8760 Hours Good Health,
52600 Minutes Good Luck,
3153600 Seconds of Joy…and that’s all!

Bochor seser jhora pata bollo ure ese,
Ekti bachor periye gelo haoar sathe vese.
Natun bachor asche take jotno kore rekho
Swapno gulo sotti kore vison valo theko.

Jukto Koro He Shobar Shonge,

Mukto Koro He Bondho…

Nobo Borsho Shuvo Jeno Hoy Shokole Miliya,

Shokoler Tore,

Shokolero Shathe.

Bhedaved Bhule Ak Jeno Hoi,

Ak Jeno Roi Deshero Sharthe.

My wishes for you, great start for Baisakh,
Love for Jaistha, romance for Asad and Srabon,
Celebration for Bhadro and Aswin, fun for Kartik & Aghrahyan,
Joy for Pous & Maghe, happiness for Falgun & Chaitra.

Have a lovely and wonderful Noboborsho 1418

Purono joto Hotasha,Dukkho,Obosad,
Noton bochor oguloke karuk Dhulissat,
Sukh,Anonde muche jak sokol Jatona,
Notun Bochore a Sobar jonne Subho Kamona.

Happy Bengali New Year 1418

May u come up as bright as sun,
as cool as water and as sweet as honey.
Hope dis Baisakhi fulfil all ur desires n wishes.
Happy Poila Baisakh!!

Natun asha, natun pran, natun sure natun gaan
natun jiboner natun alo
Natun bochhor katuk bhalo.
Subho Noboborsho!

May this New Year bring many opportunities your way, to explore every joy of life and may your resolutions for the days ahead stay firm, turning all your dreams into reality and all your efforts into great achievements.



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    • Manasidas profile image

      Manasidas 6 years ago from Kolkata

      Hi happy to see your comment again. Well thanks for giving such a good information.

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 6 years ago from Tumkur

      A useful hub, giving information about a celebration by Bengalis.

      I wish to mention couple of interesting points in relation to Commencement of new year According to Hindu calender.

      1. In south India,majority of Hindus celebrate new year(Yugadi),from centuries, on the first day of Chaitra mas.Panchagams (ephimeries) are prepared accordingly.This is according to Lunar calender. But in coastal areas( especially, south canara dist.)New year is calaculated, as it is done in Bengal,i.e.according to solar calender.What a strange similarity!