Hindus New Year Celebration in India
Hindus New Year Celebration in India
New Year is most joyfully and enthusiastically celebrated festivals in India, celebrated everywhere in India on 1st of January. But apart from the common celebration on the 1st of January, Hindus in India also celebrate the Hindu New Year. The date and tradition of celebration varies in different regions and communities.
The most common Hindu New Year celebration happens on the first day of beginning of Hindu New Year, which is calculated according to the Hindu Panchang, also known as Lunar Calendar. According to Hindu Panchang the first day of Year begins with the first day of the Kartik Maas (Karthik Month) following Deepawali Amaavasya. That falls in the month of March/April (Usually mid if March), according to the Gregorian calendar.
The start dates for Hindus New Year for year 2017 are,
- 14th of April, According to SOLAR Calendar
- 29th of March, According to LUNAR Calendar
Hindus, New Year is celebrated on four different dates that is based geographical locations and beliefs. Usually Hindus, New Year begins in the month of “MAR-to-APR”, which is being calculated every year, according to Hindu Panchang. The most of Hindus follow “Lunar Calendar” or “Solar calendar” but the People in Gujarat and Punjab states of India, have their own believe that is not based on calendar.
Sanskrit Panchang and English Georgian Calendar Months
New Year Celebration days in different regions of India
Months in Year
Calendar and Date
State and Regions
START from, 1st day of "LUNAR CALENDAR" year
Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Konkan, Rajasthan, Marwar, Sindh, Kashmir, Manipur
START from, 1st day of "SOLAR CALENDAR" year
Assam, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha, Bengal
START from, 1st Day of Magh
START from the first day after Diwali
New Year, according to "LUNAR Calendar"
Lunar Calendar is an ancient calendar, dated to 8000 BC and is based upon cycles of the Moon's phases, which is used in many countries to define festivals and national holidays. Even Georgian calendar is adjudicated for official uses in India, but in many parts of India people refer lunar calendar to illustrate festivals and start of New Year.
According to "LUNAR CALENDAR", the HIndu New Year starts from the 1st day of the Chaitra Month of Sanskrit that happen in the month of "MARCH-APRIL" of the English Gregorian calendar.
Hindus New year days according to LUNAR Calendar,
- 2017 - March 29 (For this year)
- 2016 - April 08 (Previous)
- 2015 - April 15 (Previous)
New Year, according to "SOLAR Calendar"
Solar Calendar is based on revolution of the Sun and calendar dates designate the position of Earth around the Sun and also known as Sun Calendar. Hindus In India consider the tropical solar calendars, like “Bengali Calendar and India National Calendar” and most of English countries accept the “Gregorian calendar”.
In many parts of India new year start days are considered from the second week of Chaitra Month of Sanskrit Calendar based on tropical solar calendar that varies to different dates in APRIL months of the Gregorian Calendar.
Start date of New Year according to SOLAR Calendar,
- 2017 - April 14 (For this year)
- 2016 - April 14
- 2015 - April 14
New Year's Celebration in Different Regions of India
Hindu New Year celebration in IndiaClick thumbnail to view full-size
Hindus new year celebration varies in various states of India, people have their own ways to celebrate New Year. In northern India, New Year celebration start with festivals Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chand, Sankranti, Bestu Varas and Poila Baishakh ” and in Southern Indian state, it’s known as “Ugadi, Puthandu Vazthukal and Vishu”.
But the rituals of New Year celebration are almost similar in every part of India, Celebration starts with early morning bath and visit to the temple or worship at home. Usually people clean their house and make colourful Rangoli by garland at the entrance of the house and lit the oil field Diya at the place of worship and wear new clothes. Exchanging sweets among friends and relatives is also very common and in many places, people exchange/distribute Prasad to neighbours and friends.
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