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Liturgical Drama

Updated on June 9, 2021
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Cecelia has researched H.P. Lovecraft and fairy tales. Working with kindergartens, Cecelia became interested in speech development.

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What is Liturgical drama?

Liturgical drama ranges from the simple Palm Sunday procession of children carrying leaves down the street and into the Church, through a range of ceremonial variations to sophisticated operatic presentations of the Elijah and the Messiah.

Liturgical drama highlights certain Biblical stories and is often performed during festivals on the Christian calendar. Most liturgical drama is performed around Christmas or Easter, however other special events may be celebrated with a play as well.

Liturgical drama may stick very closely to the Bible text or creatively explore and modernise the original story. The art form has a long history dating from the early centuries of Christianity, and was most prominent during the Medieval period of history.

Liturgical drama may be performed in a church, school, hall, theatre or outdoor area. It may be organised by the church, the community or a professional company. It may also be filmed or recorded.  

My Experience:

I enjoyed being involved in Christmas Eve programs as a child and have recently had the opportunity to work on organising the annual Live Nativity of my local congregation. Performed one week before Christmas, this program is more of a play than carol service and has a script, cast, and set.

The advantages of working with liturgical drama are the fact that you have a church full of people willing to be involved: for example by dressing up and acting, providing resources, ushering and and advertising the program. There is also a ready made audience of congregation members with the possibility of attracting more audience members from the community. Churches commonly have stages in their hall and all but the inner city parishes have car park facilities. There are also musicains of some quality willing to be involved.


The disadvantages and challenges of working with liturgical drama include: working with a limited budget, fulfilling congregational expectations, organising a cast of ameteurs and creating something original from well known subject matter. Liturgical drama may also be percieved as having lower artistic status than secular drama.

However, my experience as both a performer and organiser have shown that Liturgical drama is a worthwhile activity. The challenge involved in creating a smooth and professional event outways the disadvantages of being limited to a "niche" or special interest area, and the events are certainly enjoyed by all attendees

No Room in The Inn

The 2010 production by my church, Holy Trinity, used my script. We met frequently throughout the year, with the production team reading the script through to see how it ran and adding their suggestions. The first time this happened, I was pleased to find that they did not wish to change the basic structure and appreciated their close attention and feedback.

The script used the same stage as the previous year, but with the addition of a modern hotel in the corner, because I had employed a device where the modern hotel reminded the travelers of the inn in Bethlehem.

The day of the production threatened rain, which was very unusual for December in Australia. It rained several times during the day, but the evening was cold and almost fine. About 300 people attended despite having to wear winter coats and bring blankets.

Some of the members prefer to maintain their privacy, so I cannot publish images.

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Picture from

The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem (Israel) is often the site of Special productions.

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2009 Cecelia


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