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Teej Festival (2017) - Festivals Of India

Updated on June 27, 2017
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Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Teej (2017) Dates

Haryali Teej - 25 July 2017

Kajari Teej - 10 August 2017

Haritalika Teej - 24 August 2017

Teej

Ladies dancing in a temple in Lalitpur, Nepal on the occasion of Teej.
Ladies dancing in a temple in Lalitpur, Nepal on the occasion of Teej. | Source

About Teej Festival

Teej is predominantly a festival of married Hindu women celebrated in various parts of India and Nepal.

Teej means third and is celebrated on the third day after Amavasya (the new moon). It is a series of festivals that occur during the Hindu months of Shravana & Bhadrapada, that correspond to the months of July-August-September, every year.

Teej comprises 3 separate teej festivals:

  1. Hariyali Teej
  2. Kajari Teej
  3. Hartalika Teej

Teej is widely celebrated in Western and Northern India with regional variations though in essence it celebrates 2 things:

  1. The reunion of Lord Shiva with Goddess Parvati
  2. The advent of the monsoon season

Legend has it that Goddess Lakshmi had to take 108 births to make Lord Shiva realize the extent of her love for him and to be accepted by him as his wife.

Married women seek the blessings of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva on this occassion so that they are blessed with a long, happy married life and continued marital bliss.

The festivities are the grandest in Rajasthan, especially in Jaipur, where a large number of visitors pour in from within and outside the country to see and enjoy the festivities.

Teej is also called the Festival of Swings

Red Velvet Mite (Trombidium)

Red Velvet Mite (Trombidium) spotted at Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary, Visakhapatnam
Red Velvet Mite (Trombidium) spotted at Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary, Visakhapatnam | Source

It is believed that Teej festival gets its name from a small red insect, the red velvet mite (pictured above) which makes its appearance during the monsoon. However, it is unclear whether the mite is named after the festival or vice-versa.

Teej Legend

The story of Teej is as follows:

Goddess Shakti, as Devi Sati, was the wife of Lord Shiva. Her father though was disrespectful to Lord Shiva. She set herself ablaze with a vow that she would take rebirth as the daughter of a father who would respect her husband.

Devi Parvati was thus born to Lord Himavat. Lord Shiva had gone into penance after Devi Sati's death and did not acknowledge her presence. Devi Parvati did not lose heart but decided to undergo a self imposed penance till Lord Shiva realized her devotion and accepted her as his wife.

Lord Shiva finally accepted Goddess Parvati as his wife on this day, the third day of the month of Shravan and Teej festival is thus a celebration of this reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

Goddess Parvati promised that any woman who fasts and prays for her husband would receive her blessings and be granted a long, healthy and happy married life.

Hariyali Teej Festival

Hariyali Teej

Haryali Teej is a festival when girls play on swings that are set up under trees or open courtyards.
Haryali Teej is a festival when girls play on swings that are set up under trees or open courtyards. | Source

Hariyali Teej

Hariyali teej, popularly known as Teej, is also called Chhoti Teej, Shravana Teej and Sindhara Teej.

It usually falls two days before Nag Panchmi festival.

It is celebrated on the third day of the Indian month of Shravan. It is celebrated mainly in the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharastra and in certain parts of Haryana, Punjab and Bihar.

Married women come to their parent's home to celebrate teej. Parents give a gift bucket called Sindhara which contains homemade sweets, ghewar, henna, Leheria sarees and lac bangles. Hariyali Teej is therefore called Sindhara Teej.

In Jaipur, on this occassion, the idol of Goddess Parvati is taken out in a large procession which passes through the old city. The procession includes antique palanquins, chariots, decorated elephants, camels, horses, brass bands and dancers starting from Tripolia Gate and ending at Chaugan Stadium.

Hariyali Teej Procession

Kajari Teej

Kajari teej, also called Kajli teej and Badi teej, comes 15 days after Hariyali teej. It is celebrated during the dark fortnight of the Bhadrapada month, on the third day of the waning moon of the month of Bhadon.

Kajari teej is celebrated in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat & Rajasthan, and in Uttar Pradesh, especially in Mirzapur & Varanasi.

In UP, women offer prayers to Lord Shiva. Folk songs called kajari are sung. The lyrics of these songs express the pining of a woman for her beloved as she has been sent to her parents home to celebrate teej.

Kajari teej also involves praying to the moon and worshipping the Neem tree and the fast is broken by eating sattu.

In Bundi, Rajasthan, a fair is held to celebrate this festival. Goddess Parvati's idol adorned in a palanquin is taken out in a procession of elephants, camels, musicians and folk dancers.

Folk dances like Kalbeliya, Bhavai, Ghoomar are performed on this occasion.

Sattu, Malpua and Ghewar are prepared on this day.

Kalbeliya Dance

Bhavai Dance

Hartalika Teej & Gowri Habba

Hartalika Teej comes one month after Haryali Teej. It is celebrated on the third day of the waxing moon in the Indian month of Bhadon.

It is mostly celebrated a day before Ganesh Chaturti.

Goddess Parvati is also called Hartalika which is a combination of 2 words:

  • harat meaning abduction
  • aalika meaning female friend

Legend has it that Goddess Parvati's father wanted to marry her off against her wishes to Lord Vishnu. A friend of her then took her to a thick forest to prevent this marriage. Goddess Parvati then prayed to Lord Shiva and impressed him with her devotion. And eventually marrying her with her father's blessings.

Hartalika Teej is a major festival. A nirjala vrat (fasting without drinking even a drop of water) is kept by married women.

It is celebrated in Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand and some parts of Maharastra.

In Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, this festival is called Gowri Habba which is dedicated to Goddess Gowri, an incarnation of Goddess Parvati, who is worshipped and whose blessings are sought. Gowri Habba is celebrated a day before Ganesh Chaturthi.

Gowri Habba

Hartalika Teej In Nepal

In Nepal Hartalika Teej is celebrated over 3 days and involves temple visits, fasting and sumptuous feasting. Folk music and dance make this traditional ritual more colorful.

The first day of Teej is called Dar Khana Din. Women dress up in their finest on this day, adorn themselves before assembling for the singing and dancing. Men host a grand food feast, called Dar, for them. The revelry goes on till midnight.

The second day is the fasting day. Some women abstain from both food & water while others take only fruit & liquids. Both married and unmarried women observe this fast.

After dressing up they visit the nearest Shiva temple to offer prayers and offerings of flowers, fruits, sweets etc. An oil lamp is lit and kept lit all night for peace & prosperity. The Pashupatinath temple receives the highest numbers of devotess on this occasion.

The third day is the Rishi Pancham festival. Women pay homage to the seven sages of the Hindu pantheon, offer prayers and bathe with the leaves, and red mud found on the roots, of the sacred datiwan bush. This is an act of purification and cleansing and the final Teej ritual.

Queue at Pashupatinath Temple

Nepalese Women lined up to making offerings to Parvati and Shiva at Pashupatinath Temple
Nepalese Women lined up to making offerings to Parvati and Shiva at Pashupatinath Temple | Source

Teej Rituals

Women start shopping for sarees, jewellery, cosmetics days before the festival. Mehndi is also applied.

The fasting day on teej includes abstaining from eating food & drinking water. The night prior to the fast the women have a midnight food. To make the fast day easier to pass entertainment in the form of singing, dancing, riding swings, watching a movie is resorted to.

After getting dressed up in their finest and adorning themselves with make up & jewellery prayers are offered either at a common place or a temple. The holy katha (story) is recited and prayers are offered to the moon as well before breaking their fast. A oil lamp is lit and ensured that it remains lit all night.

As married women visit their parents home to celebrate Teej they receive a gift from their in laws to dress up for the occassion. This is called Shrinjhara. It is a gift pack that includes leheria sarees, colorful lac bangles, bindi, henna, sweets like ghewar, etc.

Newly weds are given Baya by their mothers. It is a gift pack of sweets, clothes, beauty products, jewellery etc.

Teej Foods

A number of delicious dishes including sweets are prepared during Teej. Among them are:

Ghevar, kaju katli, besan laddoo, sattu, mango raita, khoa burfi, besan burfi, malpua, gujiya, vermicelli pudding.

Below are some recipes for you to try.

Seviyan Kheer | Sweet Vermicelli Kheer

Besan Ladoo Recipe

Ghevar Recipe

Malpua Recipe

Sources

  • http://www.indiaonlinepages.com/festivals/teej/index.html
  • http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/teej-hariyali-teej-goddess-parvati-lord-shiva-hindu-festival-celebrated-lifest/1/732699.html
  • http://www.teejfestival.org/significance-of-teej.html
  • http://www.festivalsofindia.in/MonthWise/
  • https://www.jstor.org/stable/1178252
  • https://www.tripsavvy.com/guide-to-teej-festival-india-1539255
  • http://www.drikpanchang.com/festivals/teej/hariyali-teej-date-time.html
  • http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/tag/teej+festival

© 2017 Rajan Singh Jolly

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    • rajan jolly profile image
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      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 weeks ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Coffeequeen, glad you benefitted from the article. Thanks for reading and appreciating.

    • Coffeequeeen profile image

      Louise Powles 5 weeks ago from Norfolk, England

      I've always wanted to visit India. Your article was so interesting to read, and I learned a lot. Thankyou. =)

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      You're welcome Flourish,

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      The red velvet mite is called Teej, Mary. I am glad you like the information about this festival. Thank you for appreciating.

    • Blond Logic profile image

      Mary Wickison 2 months ago from Brazil

      I was pleased to see women of all ages taking part in the dances. Such colourful clothing, it's beautiful.

      I am still confused about the name. Is Teej the name of the red velvet mite?

      As always a cultural and culinary treat from you, thanks.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 2 months ago from USA

      I appreciate the answer!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      The offerings are distributed as prasad (blessed food) to the devotees. I'm glad you asked Flourish. Thanks for reading.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks Devika.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 2 months ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Interesting culture events and you shared a great part of this festival. The photos are colorful and lots to prepare for everyone.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 2 months ago from USA

      Are the offerings of fruit, sweets, and flowers burned, eaten by someone, donated, etc.? Just wondering what happens to what is brought to the Shiva temple. Pardon my ignorance.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      We have a plethora of festivals all year and a few ones like these are especially for women. I'm glad you liked the information on the Teej festival Peggy. Thanks for stopping by.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      No Indian festival is complete without a lavish feasting. I'm glad you liked the article.Thank you manatita.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 3 months ago from london

      Very colourful and musical and one I didn't know, Bro. Nicely written and the women even in the videos, seem truly festive.

      Such delicate treats towards the end. While this may not be intended here, it is hard to see an Indian festival without lavished treats. Delicioso. Hari OM!

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 3 months ago from Houston, Texas

      That is certainly a busy and festive time of year between the dates of late July to late August with 3 distinct celebrations. Thanks for telling those of us who are unfamiliar of these festivals about them and the reasons for them. That red velvet mite is certainly colorful!