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The Best Pumpkins for Jack-O'-Lanterns
Small, dense pumpkins are the best to cook with. For your jack-o lantern, you want a pumpkin that is taller, giving you space for your artwork, and with less flesh, making it easier to carve. There are three varieties of pumpkin that have been traditionally used for carving.
Jack O Lantern
Jack O Lantern pumpkins are a smaller heirloom variety that was bred specifically to carve into jack-o'-lanterns. The fruit is ribbed and a deep orange color. Each pumpkin weighs between 7 and 10 pounds and stands about 10 inches high. The vines grow to about 10 feet long. They can be trellised as long as you provide support for the hanging fruit. Because this is a smaller pumpkin, it can also be used for cooking.
Connecticut Field pumpkins are the original jack-o-lanterns. They were grown by the Native Americans prior to colonization by the Europeans and were part of the original Thanksgiving feast. The fruit is a deep orange color and more smooth than ribbed. Each one weighs between 15 and 20 pounds and stands between 12 and 18 inches high. They are easy to carve because the rind is very thin. Connecticut Field pumpkins have flat bottoms making them very stable and perfect for sitting on your porch or in your window.
How to Roast Pumpkin Seeds
- Separate the seeds from the stringy flesh and wash them.
- Soak them for a few hours in salt water.
- Dry on a paper towel.
- Season with salt or seasoning or your choice.
- Spread in a single layer on a baking sheet.
- Roast in a 350°F oven until golden brown.
- Store in an airtight container for up to 1 week.
Howden pumpkins were developed by John Howden in his backyard garden in Massachusetts in the 1960s. They have become the classic jack-o'-lantern pumpkin. These are the pumpkins that you most often see offered for sale in stores. The fruit is deep orange and ribbed and can weigh up to 30 pounds. They have the flat bottoms and thin rinds of their Connecticut Field forebears but last longer after carving. The vines grow to 10 feet and produce 4 to 6 pumpkins on each vine.
Choosing and Carving Your Pumpkin
Choose a symmetrical, unblemished pumpkin with a long "handle" or, if you are harvesting pumpkins from your garden, when cutting from the vine, leave enough stem to form a long handle. Pumpkins with long handles will last longer. Short or non-existent handles result in the fruit rotting quickly.
Cut the top off the pumpkin making a hole that is large enough for you to comfortably get your hand into. This will make it easier to scoop out the stringy flesh and seeds. After you have completely cleaned out your pumpkin, find its best side and draw your design on the outside with washable marker. Carve out your design with a sharp knife.
Once they are carved, pumpkins begin to deteriorate. You can extend their lifespan a few ways. During the day, keep your jack-o'-lantern out of the sunlight. At night, illuminate it with a small electric light rather than a candle. The heat from the candle speeds the decay. If you must have the authenticity of a candle, then only light it for a few hours each night.
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© 2014 Caren White