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Yom Kippur - The Day of Atonement
5774 Yom Kippur 2013
Words for Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur - 2013 - September 13
The Day Of Atonement
(Leviticus 16:29 and 23:27)
This is the most solemn day of the year. For nearly twenty-six hours – from several minutes before sunset on Tishrei 9 until after nightfall on Tishrei 10 Jews abstain from food and drink as we "afflict our souls". Just like the angels who have no physical needs this is a time to take our focus off of the physical .
We Fast on
the 10th Day of the 7th Month?
Yom Kippur is called the 'Sabbath of Sabbaths' and in Hebrew it is Shabbat Shabbatot. It is during this shabbat that the last meal eaten before Jews all over the world begin a complete fast.
On the 9th day of Tishrei, in the late afternoon we eat the feast that precedes the fast. On the tenth day of the seventh month (Tishrei) the Torah calls this the day of for self affliction. This fast meal must be eaten before Sunset. And after that everyone except children under 13 and sick persons will fast until after sunset on the following day.
For in fasting we withhold from life's pleasures and concentrate on the one task of this day and that is repentance. It is a solemn day and a day to focus and to connect to who and why we are here.
The Opening Prayer on
Yom Kippur Eve
Before leaving for synagogue to hear Kol Nidre, on this holy night there is an old custom where parents say a special prayer for their children.
"May your lips speak the truth and your hands do good deeds. May you be inscribed for a long and happy life. "
Kol Nidrei: (lit. "all the vows") solemn prayer opening the evening service of Yom Kippur
The Service on Yom Kippur
Services on Yom Kippur
Every day of the year there are three prayers in the course of the day — Maariv (the evening prayer), Shacharit (the morning prayer) and Mincha (the afternoon prayer). On Shabbat and every other Jewish holiday we have a fourth — Mussaf (the additional prayer). But only on Yom Kippur is there a fifth — Ne’ilah and on Yom Kippur there are five prayer services:
1) Maariv with its solemn Kol Nidrei service, on the eve of Yom Kippur
2) Shacharit —the morning prayer
3) Musaf - which includes a detailed account of the Yom Kippur Temple service
4) Minchah - which includes the reading of the Book of Jonah.
5) Neilah ("locking") prayer - Probably the most powerful moment of the year for this is when our souls can access the 5th dimension. And we ask, “Mah anu, What are we?”, “Meh chayeinu What are our lives?” It is at this moment that the gates of heaven remain wide open to accept our prayers bringing us to the climax of Yom Kippur.
The Kol Nidre Prayer
When the sun goes down, everyone returns to synagogue. The Torahs are taken out of the Holy Ark. The cantor rises and begins the famous Kol Nidre prayer in a chant that is known all around the world. It is quite impressing to know that Jews all around the world are going to hear the same prayer. And so, three times the cantor chants the prayer . . . . . . .
Kol means all and Nidre means vows.
Important to note that Kol Nidrei, is not really a prayer at all, but rather a statement.
We Remember on Yom Kippur
Our Song of Memory
Like no other prayer,
Kol Nidrei compels our presence,
And not just us alone,
But the memorized outline, too, of younger years,
The gentle feel of those who tucked us in, who blessed our
days, consoled our nights;
And came as we do, on this eve, with memories of their own.
We, tonight, are memories in the making,
Warming seats for others who will remember us
In some Kol Nidrei they shall hear when we are gone.
Present too among us are memories more recent,
Of what we did, or said, or were, or weren’t,
Since last year at this time.
Of what we learned or lost;
Of kisses that we gave or got;
The laugh that lovers recognize.
The days of empty wandering,
Where God was.
Or knowing with compelling certainty
That God was with us
Even in despair.
Kol Nidrei harbors memory of all this.
Its melody persists, insists,
And summons our acknowledgment of time.
What we recall of others past,
And what we vow to leave behind
For others still to come,
who will remember us.
We kindle this memorial light
For those we loved, and those we lost,
For all we miss from the year now gone.
A Day on the Jewish Calender To Remember
Yom Kippur Memorial Prayer
In Judaism when we mourn for the dead it is both usually a private thing and privately when we observe, it is called a yahrzeit. A yahrzeit marks the anniversary of a person's death.
But on Yom Kippur part of the religious service to remember the dead and so a memorial prayer is said publicly. This service is called Yiskor. Recited by the congregation during holidays on the Jewish calender. Yom Kippur is one of the 4 holidays in which Yiskor is said. The holidays in which Jewish people say Yiskor are on:,
- The eighth day of Sukkot, Shenini Atzeret,
- The last day of Passover
- The second day of Shavuot
- Yom Kippur
The soul of the dead which is being mourned is mentioned it is based on Jewish belief that the soul lives on forever. The main part of Yizkor is a single paragraph which begins . . .
Yizkor elohim (may G-d remember).
On Yom Kippur
The Prophet - Book of Jonah
On Yom Kippur
In the afternoon , the portion of the prophets which is read is the Book of Jonah. In this story Jonah we read how no matter how hard we may try to escape G-d , truth be that God is everywhere.
In Judaism it is the Haftarah that is being read during the afternoon services of Yom Kippur because it is a story of God's willingness to forgive those who repent.
A Day of Atonement
As the day wears on, more and more we see that the central message of Yom Kippur is to forgive and to repent.
In Hebrew the word teshuvah means to "return and it is used to refer to "repentance". And it is represented by two verbs: שוב shuv (to return) and נחם nicham (to feel sorrow).
Yom Kippur a Day of Forgiveness
"On Yom Kippur, the power of the [physical] inclination is muted. Therefore, one's yearning for spiritual elevation reasserts itself, after having lain dormant as a result of sin's deadening effect on the soul. This rejuvenation of purpose entitles a person to special consideration and forgiveness."
~ Rabbi Eliyahu Dessler ~
On Yom Kippur
The last service in synagogue on the day of atonement is called Ne'ilah which means to close.
At the very end of the service, we listen for the long awaited last sound of the shofar to blow. It is the one and only time that the shofar is blown on Yom Kippur. And if you listen carefully it is the last note that is a long and steady blow. It is as long as the breathe can hold out. And with that final blow, the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur is over. Everyone is anxious to eat as the fast is over. The meal that we have is called "break fast', which is a light usually dairy - bagles and lox type of meal. And so,
The High Holidays are over.
Yom Kippur Memorial
The Jewish Quarter, Radom
A Memorial to Radom
The Jewish Quarter
By Celina Holckener
The Jewish Quarter was written by the late Celina Holckener in the years 1940-41 in Radom. Celina was deported in August 1942 to Treblinka and she died there August 1942. Her poem was recalled and translated from Polish by her cousin Hanka Szolowicz-Lior. And it was submitted by Hanka and Menachem Lior.
And in memory of the village of Radom, Poland, and Celina Holckener who left this behind so we will always remember.
The Jewish Year
Calendar for the Jewish Year
- Jewish Calendar - Hebrew Calendar
Most comprehensive and advanced Jewish calendar online. Features a brief summary of key events in Jewish history, the laws and customs pertaining to each day with links to more information, Shabbat and halachic times, and day, week, month and year vi
Yearly Jewish Holidays 5774
- Rosh Hashanah
2011: September 28-30 observed on the 1st and 2nd days of Tishrei.
- Chanukah (Hanukkah)
2011: December 20-28 - 25 Kislev
2011: March 19-20 - Adar 14
2011: April 18-26 Nissan 15-22
- Tisha B'Av ~ 9 of Av
Jewish Year 5771: sunset August 8, 2011 - nightfall August 9, 2011 Jewish Year 5772: sunset July 28, 2012 - nightfall July 29, 2012