The answer is: Both. People have natural rights (some say God given rights) to breathe, eat, and live. But humans are flawed. History is rife with examples of one human trying to dominate another. The result is that some people have a better life than others. Which leads to: Human created rights.
These are rights created by humans as an equalizer for the less fortunate. That's why we have laws -- to protect the weak and underprivileged. And here it gets crazy. Some religions and cultures create "laws" that favor men over women. Some judges, who interpret these laws, are swayed by political influences so that rights favor a specific objective.
But not all rights can be enforced. It's simply impossible. No nation, no government, can be all things to all people. So generally the rights of "the greater good" prevail. Right now, with massive migrations of peoples from poorer countries into developed nations, rights are being reinterpreted and challenged creating upheaval.