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Festivals in India: New Year in Indian cultures

Updated on August 3, 2016

Happy New Year

May the New Year Bring You Loads of Happiness!
May the New Year Bring You Loads of Happiness! | Source

Happy New Year!

Happy New year ! Shubh Nava Varsh!

This is time to greet all Happy New Year. People have started sending New Year greeting cards to their friends and family members. People are greeting each other on New Year eve. They are preparing for New Year celebrations. Shopkeepers and hotels are in celebration mood. They are also sending New year cards with New Year messages of best wishes for New Year to their customers.

New Year parties will be organized at various places all over the world. People all over the world celebrates the new year on first of January. People are ready to welcome New Year 2011 and to say good buy 2010. This is not only the first day of a new year but the first day of a new decade. We are entering into a new decade, the second decade of this 21st century.

Chinese New Year

Ugadi Pachchadi

This picture of Ugadi Pachadi was taken at a Telugu home in USA. Since Neem flowers are difficult to obtain in USA, it is seen substituted with Neem leaves.
This picture of Ugadi Pachadi was taken at a Telugu home in USA. Since Neem flowers are difficult to obtain in USA, it is seen substituted with Neem leaves. | Source
Ugadi feast
Ugadi feast | Source

Ugadi festival- Telugu New Year

New Year in various parts of India

New Year in India is different from New Year in other parts of the world. However, Indians also send New Year messages, New Year cards and New Year wishes. They also organize New Year parties at different levels.

New Year day in India according to most followed Vikram Samvat falls on March 16 in the Year 2010. Indians will celebrate this day as Nav Varsh or Bharatiya Nava Varsh..Telegu people in India say this day Ugadi.

India is a multilingual and multicultural country. India celebrates several days as her New Years. There are various calendars in India depending upon regional, cultural and religious backgrounds. New Year eve of India is little different from that of New Year celebrations on first January.

Indian New year follow lunar calendar like Chinese New year.

Indian scientists and mathematicians were excellent in astronomical calculations since ancient time. They could calculate subtle movements of celestial bodies even before western countries learned to count. India had developed both astronomy and astrology of its own.

India has both Solar and lunar calendars. Indians celebrate New Years according to both systems. Vikram Samvat is the main year in Indian system according to the lunar calendar . Vikram Samvat is mainly followed in the north and eastern India. Veer (Vir) Samvat is another main lunar system. Followers of Jain religion and people of Gujrat mainly follow this calendar.

There are solar calendars too. Bengal follows a solar calendar namely Bangla San. Vikram Samvat starts from (New year day) Chaitra Shukla Pratipada whereas Veer Samvat starts from Kartik Shukla Pratipada. This is the day next to Deepavali or Diwali. Diwali festival is part of Veer Samvat, New Year celebration. Diwali best wishes are accompanied with New Year greetings and best wishes.

San starts from the first day of solar Vaisakh usually, falls on 14th April. The day is called Poila Vaishakh in West Bengal. These are the New year days of India. There are few other Samvat and San in Indian system of calendars such as Shak Samvat. India also follows Gregorian calendar to keep pace with the globe. First January is also a New Year day for Indians.

Bengali New Year: West Bengal

The solar and the lunar calendars

Solar calendars are similar to that of the Gregorian calendar. Lunar calendars are little different. These calendars are based on subtle calculations of movement of the moon. The moon moves around the earth in about 29 days. Hence, a lunar month is approximately of 29 days. A lunar year consists of 355 days. Not all the months are equal, however, months vary between 28 to 30 days according to the movement of the Moon.

Lunar calendars do not have fix day system like solar systems. For example, January has 31 days and April has 30 days. These are fixed in solar calendars except the month of February that used to change in Leap years.

Nepal is also a Hindu country and follows same Vikram Samvat and celebrates its New year on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada as Indians. New year eve of Nepal is similar to New year celebrations in India.

Diwali Darshan

Indian lunar days

Lunar days are called Teethi. Pratipada or Ekam is the first day of the lunar month or lunar fortnight. Dwitiya or Dooj is the second day. Tritiya or Teej is the third day of the lunar system. Chaturthi or Chouth is the fourth day among fifteen. Panchami is the fifth day and Shashthi or Chhath is known as the sixth day. Saptami or Satmi refers to the seventh day and Ashtami or Atham is the eighth day. Ashtami falls in the middle of a fortnight.

Navami alias Naumi falls on the ninth day and Dashami on the tenth. Ekadashi or Gyaras is the eleventh day and Dwadashi or Baras the twelfth. Trayodashi or Teras falls on the thirteenth day of a fortnight whereas Chaturdashi or Choudas is the fourteenth. It is a day before the end of a fortnight. The fifteenth or last day of a fortnight is either a full moon day or a no moon day. Full moon day is called Purnima or Purnamasi or Punam. The no moon day is Amavasya or Amavas.

Bright fortnight is referred as Shukla Paksha and dark is Krishna Paksha. The days of both fortnights are referred accordingly as Shukla alias Sudi or Krishna alias badi. Hence the first day of a bright fortnight is Shukla Pratipada or Sudi Ekam and so on.

All Indian religious and social festivals are calculated on the basis of Lunar days and months. For example, Diwali falls on the no moon day of Kartika and Dhan Teras on the thirteenth day of no moon fortnight of the same month. Navratri comes in Chaitra and Ashwina and Akshay Tritiya in the month of Vaisakha. Navpad Oli also comes in Chaitra and Ashwina. Shraddha Paksha or Pitri Paksha covers the whole no moon fortnight of Ashwina.

Lunar day year cycle

Indian lunar months

Both solar and lunar Indian calendars have twelve months. Names of the months are same in both the systems. Names of Indian months are related to Nakshatra (Stars). The twelve Indian months are

1. Chaitra
2. Vaishakha
3. Jyestha
4. Ashadha
5. Shravana
6. Bhadra Pada
7. Ashwina
8. Kartika
9. Agrahayana or Margasheersha
10. Pausha
11. Magha
12. Falguna

All of these months are generally start on the 14th day of the Gregorian calendar in solar calendars of India. The month of Chaitra starts on 14th day of March. There may be an adjustment of a day. Hence an Indian solar month can be started on the 13th or 15th day of the Gregorian calendar.

Lunar months do not start on a fix solar day. It has its own system and starts on the first lunar day. India uses two types of Lunar month system. A lunar month either starts from the first day of the bright half or it can be started from the first day of dark half or fortnight.

If an Indian lunar month starts from the first day of bright half it ends on a no moon day and full moon day falls in the middle of the lunar month

If an Indian lunar month starts from the first day of dark half it ends on a full moon day and no moon day falls in the middle of the lunar month.

Both New year days of Vikram Samvat and Veer Samvat falls on Shukla Pratipada i.e. first day of bright fortnight in the months of Chaitra and Kartika respectively. Chaitra Shukla Pratipada, the New Year day of Vikram Samvat (Nav varsh) is also the first day of Chaitra Navratri.

Indian lunar-solar calendar

Lunar and solar months

March- April
April- May
May- June
June- July
July- August
Bhadra Pad
August- September
September- October
October- November
November- December
December- January
January- February
February- March
Corresponding solar months for Indian lunar months

Happy Vishu, New year day in Kerala, India

A very Happy Vishu to my Malayalee friends! Vishu is the first day of the Malayalm Calendar falling on the 14th of April, the day after Bishakhi in Punjab.Flowers of the Indian Laburnum, Amaltas or the Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula) represent th
A very Happy Vishu to my Malayalee friends! Vishu is the first day of the Malayalm Calendar falling on the 14th of April, the day after Bishakhi in Punjab.Flowers of the Indian Laburnum, Amaltas or the Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula) represent th | Source

Nav Varsh: Indian New Year

The New year celebrations

Indian people celebrates their New year days as per their religious, cultural and ethnic belief. There are regional aspects of new year celebrations. It is Nava Varsha in north India, where Nava or Nav means New and Varsha means year. Varsha is also referred as Samvatsar.

Telegu new year eve is referred as Ugadi that means starting of an era. Tamil new year is different from Telegu new year. People in north India,Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala send new year messages and best wishes for new year. They also use new year cards for new year greetings. New year party of India is slightly different. New year parties in traditional India is mixed with cultural events of the region and generally amalgamated with offerings to gods.

Indian calendars are called Panchang. Panch means five and Anga or Ang means parts. Hence, a Panchang is consist of five parts or ingredients. These five ingredients are Teethi (Date), Vaar (Days), Nakshatra (Star), Masa or Mas (Month) and Samvatsar (Year). India had a well developed and established astronomical and astrological systems since ancient time which are reflected well in Indian Panchang (Calendar).

India is a big country and there are varieties of Panchang in India. Longitude and latitude are different in different regions. Hence Panchang varies slightly according to longitudinal and latitudinal differences.

Arati: Vikram Samvat

Indian New Year 2011

Chaitra Shukla Pratipada, the lunar day for Indian New Year falls on April 4, 2011 this year. Lunar days varry year to year on solar calendar. The day is different from last year.

Lunar calendar and Geocentric movement of solar system

Shubh Nav Varsh: Vikram Samvat 2069

Happy New Year!! Indian New Year!!

Vikram Samvat 2069, Indian New Year will start on March 23, 2012, Friday. I would like to take the opportunity to greet all of you a very happy and prosperous New Year. Emperor Chandragupta alias Vikramaditya was a great emperor of ancient India. He ruled India from his capital Ujjain in Malwa, Madhya Pradesh.

India remembers him for his greatness and Indians celebrate New Year remembering him. Vikram Samvat is named after him.

Updated on March 22, 2012.

Happy New Year India song 2012

Update: Happy New year 2012

Happy New Year 2012 !!! Happy New Year 2012 !!! Happy New Year 2012!!!

I wish all Hubpages readers, their family, and friends a very Happy and prosperous New Year! May the year 2012 bring you joy and happiness in your life. May heaven bless you with health, wealth, and peace of mind.

Best of luck.


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    • profile image

      nitin rajpurohit 5 years ago

      happy new year ...........................

    • Fluffy77 profile image

      Fluffy77 6 years ago from Enterprise, OR

      Great sharing of the New Year celebration and traditions there. It's very bright, peaceful, and full of hopes and prayer for good will. Much as ours are. This is a wonderful and spiritual celebration. Voted up.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Sidhant,

      Thanks for your comment. Happy New Year to all viewers.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      siddhant 7 years ago


    • profile image

      siddhant 7 years ago


    • multifunctions profile image

      Sanjay Sapre 7 years ago from India


      nava varsha ki hardik shubhkamnayen.

    • profile image

      AMIR MUHAMMAD 7 years ago

      Dear All Viewers.

      I need an answer of my one question. i.e.

      Why 2nd day is much important than 1st day in VIKRAMJIT CALENDER?

      I need the answer today till 6pm.

      my cell number is 00923022725039.

      I will be thankful of my helper.



    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Steve,

      Thanks for loving Asia, visiting the hub and commenting on it.

      India is a multireligioun and multicultural country. Hence, it has several New Years.

      Different cultures have different New Years and different religions too!

      Jyoti Kothari

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      Steve 8 years ago

      I like Spring festival (Asian's New Year) Because I am an Asian, that is the first imporant festvial for us as liie Diwali. Actually Diwali also a New Year?? How many New Year do Indian celebrate???

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur


      Thanks to Surendra Bothara and ShyamChat for comments.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Surendra Bothara 8 years ago from Jaipur


      This is a nice description about Indian New year along with descriptions of lunar and solar months and years.

      Thanks for sharing about Indian astronomy.

      Rated up!


    • shyamchat profile image

      shyamchat 8 years ago from Calcutta

      Excellent..... very thorough indeed !

    • andromida profile image

      syras mamun 8 years ago

      I like the Diwali celebration, specially Diwali in Jaipur is very colorful and full of fun.Hope to join once again with you.thank you.

    • H P Roychoudhury profile image

      H P Roychoudhury 8 years ago from Guwahati, India

      Thank you for enlightening the world that Indians also celebrates New Year in Indian tradition equally as the Christian people celebrates Christmas and New Year in every country of the world with devotion, love and sympathy and spreading the message of universal brotherhood and a message of good will for the creatures of the globe.