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The Story Of A Living Fossil; Breeva, The Horseshoe Crab

Updated on February 20, 2018
Fossillady profile image

Kathi writes about fossils and other earthly subjects, plus the natural history of Michigan, poetry and more.

Horseshoe Crab
Horseshoe Crab | Source

The following story is a pivotal chapter in the book I've written entitled "Under the Sea Time Forgot". The book is geared toward upper middle-grade, but crosses over to young adults; and I believe even grown ups would find it amusing and eye opening! Breeva is a prehistoric horseshoe crab from the Devonian age and one of three main characters in the book. She has come of age, so to speak, and wants to fulfill her life's role to keep her species alive, only she has more in mind than any other horseshoe crab would ever imagine. Numerous other true-to-life ancient animal species and Earth's first forests come alive in the book as well. But this particular chapter reveals much about the amazing horseshoe crab that has survived several planetary disasters wiping out their counterparts. Under the Sea Time Forgot will be available for sale in 2018.

Through my research, I grew sympathetic towards the horseshoe crab's modern day plight. Here's an awesome creature that's been around for over 400 million years surviving multiple mass extinctions and now man could possibly be responsible for driving them to their doom! What a shame that would be. I have provided several great websites at the bottom of the page focused on whats' being done to help the horseshoe crab and how each of us can help. Also, some interesting horseshoe crab facts are listed at the end of the chapter story.

The Chapter

A brief background for the following chapter: For the first time ever, Breeva has left behind her best friends, Omnu the ammonite, and her cousin, Rin, a trilobite. She has no choice in the matter driven by Mother Nature to continue the cycle of life. Regardless of her friend's concern for her safety, she must leave the comfort of their ocean habitat.

Delivery On The Beach

Squeezing a few teardrops from her eyes, Breeva bid a bittersweet farewell to her two best friends while a flickering beat in her heart propelled her forward. She turned away and for the first time in her life she bravely stepped outside from her saltwater home in order to fulfill her maternal calling. When a breeze brushed over her water soaked shell, shivers took control of her body. The new sensation triggered her to draw in her first breath from the air. In so doing, she received a dose of pristine oxygen that entered through her bi-functional gills. As long as they were kept moist, they would support her throughout her terrestrial adventures.

Breeva stood motionless in order to celebrate nature with all her senses on high alert. She loved what nature had to offer in the new environment with the chill of the wind, the sound of the shifting sand or the sight of the surf spilling onto shore. Using her unique scent receptors, she enjoyed the tang in the air reminiscent after a rain shower mixed together with sea salt. Focusing her eyes, she peered out over the far reaching landscape dominated by rambling, sun-bleached sand hills. Hopes of spotting a special mate entered her mind, but there was not yet one in sight. She just relaxed and used the occasion to practice breathing the air while enjoying the scenery. Suddenly, another attack of shivers traveled through to her core, only not from the breeze this time, but from the excitement she felt thinking about her calling. She had only recently reached adulthood at about the age of ten. It was an important moment in her life for which she looked forward to sharing some day with her closest of kin.

The young horseshoe crab decided to hike across the beach in search of an ideal nesting spot for her eggs. It needed to be far enough inland from shore so her eggs wouldn't get flushed out by high tide. Yet, it also needed to be close enough to shore for when her fresh hatchlings made their mad dash towards the water. She quickly discovered that traveling across the sinking crystal sands was far more strenuous than what she was used to underwater. She worked ever so hard with her pusher legs and gradually inched her way closer towards the outlying tree line. Along the route, her body disappeared and reappeared between the swells. The heat from the sun penetrated through her exoskeleton armor giving her a new sensation of inner warmth. While lumbering along, she stumbled across a tiny mollusk and easily scooped it up with her front feeding legs. Energized by the protein snack, she refocused her search. The first time mother-to-be left behind a pattern of wavy tracks where she had crisscrossed back and forth, unsure of where to dig for a nest.

Suddenly, she stopped in her tracks then raised her long spiked tail like a drawbridge. She thought she had seen something moving around farther down on the beach. Her tail had special light sensors on top she could use to detect contrasting images from a greater height and distance. Sure enough, with the use of her tail sensors she spotted several dark shapes shuffling around down by the shoreline. The figures were too far away to be recognized, but she suspected they were patient males anticipating the arrival of females. Instinct led Breeva anxiously in their direction and she forgot about finding a nesting spot for the time being. Not long after, several other females flanked her from all sides with the same quest. The other lady horseshoe crabs sped past newcomer Breeva eager to join the males. When the two groups of arthropods eventually met, Breeva couldn’t help but notice how joyful the other lady horseshoe crabs felt upon finding a mate.

Male Hitchhiking a Ride from a Female Horse Shoe Crab
Male Hitchhiking a Ride from a Female Horse Shoe Crab | Source

The gentlemen horseshoe crabs were noticeably smaller than their counterparts. Also, they had adapted a special claw designed to attach securely to the back of a female’s shell so they could be dragged along. In extreme cases, sometimes the males hitched a ride behind the lady horseshoe crabs for weeks at a time. In any case, the females clearly outnumbered the males, but Breeva wasn't the worrying type and figured a special mate was out there for her somewhere. While waiting for his arrival, she used the time, as usual, to appreciate the landscape. Her multiple eyes kept being drawn upwards to marvel at the newness of the deep blue sky. She sat quietly overcome by the infinity of space it encompassed. It was always during those kinds of moments that she realized she was part of something much bigger than herself. She sensed an inner connection to the wide-openness and somehow felt comforted by it. Then out of the blue, she saw a creature spring up high off the ground and then back down; up and down it sprang to her delight.

“What a magnificent being that can swim in the sky,” she innocently thought to herself.

She watched it yo-yo up and down landing from rock to rock, never staying in one place for very long. The creature was a primitive arthropod insect. Its most dominant trait was an iridescent shimmer radiating off its body. The bright reflection momentarily blinded her, especially her most sensitive set of compound eyes. It held her attention until it pranced farther down the stretch of shoreline and gradually out of sight. Her gaze then landed back out over the expansion of the ocean and another new awareness suddenly dawned on her. She, at long last, understood the immensity of her home ocean habitat by how it mimicked the vastness of the sky. Omnu and Rin entered her procession of thoughts and she wondered where they might be in all that aqua blue water. It drew her into another moment of silent harmony.

A lone figure appeared in the corner of her eye and brought her focus back to her present quest. She spun around for a better look. The dark figure seemed to be approaching straight in her direction. Could this be her special mate she wondered. Breeva wanted to be ready for his arrival and resumed her search for the perfect nesting spot. She finally settled on a suitable place and began to scoop out a sandpit with her claws and bowl shaped shell. After some steady work, a concave nest started to take form. She was concentrating so hard on her digging that she had forgotten all about the male until he had almost caught up to her. Breeva was relieved to finally fix her eyes upon her male companion, just like the other females had earlier. At last, the time had arrived when Breeva and her mate would fulfill their vital roles of continuing the cycle of life.

Following their brief acquaintance, instinct took over and Breeva proceeded to deposit approximately a thousand, pearly green eggs into the hollowed out nest. Her new companion, Jolro, fertilized them thereafter. She covered the fertilized eggs with several inches of moist sand in order to keep them cool and protected. Next, with Jolro attached to the back of her shell using his clamper claw, Breeva towed him along heading for the second site to deposit yet another litter of offspring, and another one after that.

Thousands of Horseshoe Crabs Driven Together by Mother Nature
Thousands of Horseshoe Crabs Driven Together by Mother Nature | Source

Evening took hold and a full moon cast a bright light across the twinkling sea. It illuminated the breaker waves splashing over hundreds of horseshoe crabs drawn together by Mother Nature. Before the evening's close, the couple finished the daunting task of depositing and fertilizing thousands of eggs into several separate nests. In the process, time didn't allow the two arthropods to exchange much conversation. All their energy was focused on their calling.

When morning broke, Breeva awoke very pleased with how well their spawning events had panned out. She felt extremely proud of herself and Jolro. He had stayed with her throughout the entire process and a special bond had developed between them. They talked over their experience all the morning hours before departing back into the ocean depths. Both would return to the beach during the following full moon to deposit yet another litter of young. She hoped Jolro would be her special mate when that moment arrived.

Horseshoe Crab Fossil
Horseshoe Crab Fossil | Source
Horseshoe Crab Underside
Horseshoe Crab Underside | Source
Horseshoe Crab Blue Blood
Horseshoe Crab Blue Blood | Source

Interesting Horseshoe Crab Facts

Horseshoe crabs are simple primitive creatures which haven't changed much in over 400 million years.

Science believes they have survived the eons for several reasons; the shape and size of their exoskeleton shield . . . they can go a year without food . . . they adapt to high salt environments and extreme temperatures . . . their unique blood protects them from infection.

The horseshoe crab is not a crab, but more closely related to spiders and scorpions and prehistoric trilobites; they are in a class of their own.

They are gentle animals, non-threatening to humans.

They can breathe in and out of water due to bi-functional book gills that resemble pages of a book.

Their thousands of eggs are vital to the survival of migratory birds and other sea animals.

Horseshoe crab blood is blue due to the copper in it.

Science has discovered a way to help humans using an element in their blood to test pharmaceuticals.

Human Threats

Abuse * Used as Bait * Over Harvesting * Pollution * Shrinking Environment

I hope you enjoyed the story of Breeva the horseshoe crab and learned something about her species. Check out the websites listed below to see how we can all help ensure their survival. The horseshoe crab is truly a special creature!


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    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 2 years ago from Oklahoma

      I've actually have seen these amazing creatures in person. They are truly bizarre and wonderful.

      Great hub!

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 4 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Oh, I'm so jealous you live so closely to be able to see the horseshoe crabs in their own environment! One day I would like to visit the east coast where they come out in droves to mate! Thanks for stopping by . . . Kathi

    • CraftytotheCore profile image

      CraftytotheCore 4 years ago

      What a fascinating Hub! We have horseshoe crabs in my area. There is a beach near us and if we go there at dusk, we can see them walking around right up close to the shore in the water. It's an awesome experience.

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      You are very welcome Rolly, I really appreciate your wonderful comment. It means a lot coming from someone who I admire for his story telling skills!

      Hugs and Blessings right back attcha, Kathi aka Fossillady :O)

    • Rolly A Chabot profile image

      Rolly A Chabot 5 years ago from Alberta Canada

      Hi Fossillady... what a fascinating read this has been. An amazing subject you have chosen and one I will be looking into further. I learned a great deal today... Thank you.

      Hugs and Blessings

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hello badegg, yes, its been a long time, hope all is well with you! I'm sort of in and out here at the hub depending on how busy I am with jobs and all! You know how it is. Thank you for the lovely comment, sounds like you know a few things about the horseshoe crab! I've never actually seen one in the wild, but hope to someday! Take care, Kathi :O)

    • badegg profile image

      Del Banks 5 years ago from Southern Appalachians

      Hi Kathi,

      It's been a long time! This is a great story, wonderfully written!

      Years ago I was travelling with my parents in New England, and I saw my first and only Horseshoe Crabs flitting along in the shallow waters in Boston Harbor. I was fascinated by them, and did all I could to research them when I got back home to Southern California.

      It is a shame that we as humans show so little disregard to our environment that we might cause these magnificent creatures to become extinct after millions of years of life on this planet.

      Great Job!

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi sweet Damian, sorry for the delay in responding . . . started a new temporary job that has left me exhausted at the end of the day and trying adjust. I'm working with young autistic children, so you can probably imagine.

      Oh, your wonderful comment is so appreciated and has given me the boost I need to expel those nagging self-doubts. I should mention, though, the hitch-hike thing was not meant to be a dig, honey, lol. . they really do that.

      Will catch up to you soon! Hugs, Kathi

    • damian0000 profile image

      damian0000 5 years ago from Belfast

      Hi Kathi... Well, i have to say that i didn't enjoy the sly dig about men always being hitch-hikers but i loved everything else about this hub!! ;-)

      There is not really much to add because so many other hubbers have pretty much nailed it's beauty and appeal but i definitely think it would make a wonderful childrens' story and if you are still waiting for encouragement before sending it to a wider audience, then you really need to get your pretty person into motion! :-)

      This story works on a lot of levels... For children : it's educational but in no way boring or condescending... it has a real light touch as so many of your pieces do and you create empathy so well... in such a short space of time we feel a real connection to your characters, who have such universal human qualities which endear us to them...

      Great work Kathi, voted up!!!

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      OH, I love that when the lake sparkles with diamonds . . . I can just picture it. We had clouds today so it wasn't as pretty as what you had sounds like.

      The FB message you sent was so sweet as you are, Colin. It makes me smile!

      My cats have cabin fever and Khaki is starting to be mean to Patchy cause he has that kind of restless energy.

      Hope you don't have to work too hard during your work shift tonight.

      The only thing I've been working on is my story and I think I'm finally ready to order a proof copy of it. Have to convert it to pdf and mess around with that first. Wish me luck

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      Hi Kathi - just checking in with you to say a fond hello and send sincere best wishes to you. Please check your FB wall for a nice surprise.

      It's an absolutely gorgeous day here today - the sun was even shining her diamonds on the lake and the lake itself for the most part is back but the beach is still covered with snow and ice. The wind chill here today is brutal though and making it very cold .

      The cats have been out more lately - I can they sense that spring is just around the corner - which for me in my wisdom , lol, fully a month away yet .

      lake erie time 4:25pm tea break right now and then uptown for gas to get to work later on. I hope all is well with you you and your family

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      You're so sweet for noticing Colin, I'm really tickled over the response to this . . . gives me a big boost!

      Well, we are having 40 degree temps and I see blue sky peeking through which is a welcome sight! Both kitties spent some time outdoors ... I think they suffer from cabin fever with weight gain and all! I hope you enjoyed your beach walk, it's excellent exercise walking in sand and snow with each footstep being an extra effort!

      I feel your warm wishes and am sending them right back your way!

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      Hi Kathi - just checking in with you on this early Sunday afternoon and sending you 3 big Canadian hugs from the three of us: Tiffy, Gabriel and Colin.

      We had snowflurries in the early morning covering everything with white but they have all melted with the milder temperatures now.

      Although the 'bay' of the lake is still frozen over with broken up ice I can still see with the naked eye the wide open water way out there.

      I hope everything is well with you and your family.

      Gabriel is outside on the deck with his leash on waiting for his walk so off I go .....and I will see you once again.

      Sending you warm wishes dear friend. I am so pleased by the reception you are receiving by your awesome story here Kathi.

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi TKI, How are you this fine Sunday morn? Your wonderful comment is greatly, greatly appreciated! I'm real close to finishing the book and this is the kind of support to bolster my confidence to self publish it . . . it's been my dream a long time coming now! Hugs, Kathi :O)

      Hi Trish . . . Well, the horseshoe crab can be scary looking can't it? They look something out of another time period because they haven't changed hardly in millions of years! I'm glad you were intrigued, their lengthy survival is amazing in itself! Hope you have a great weekend, Kathi :O)

    • trish1048 profile image

      trish1048 5 years ago


      I thoroughly enjoyed reading about this misunderstood creature. I saw these all the time when I was a child growing up near a bay. Back then, although they terrified me, I couldn't help but be intrigued.

      Thanks so much for sharing a great wealth of information about these wonderful horseshoe crabs. I very much enjoyed the video :)

    • toknowinfo profile image

      toknowinfo 5 years ago

      "The horseshoe crab is truly a special creature", and so is this hub! What a wonderful idea for the basis of a book for middle school children. There is so much depth to this story and lessons to learn about this ancestral creature. I really enjoyed this hub and found it full of fascinating information. Wonderful Wonderful Wonderful read! Rated up all the way and shared and tweeted!

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hee hee, that would be fun :O)

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      Maybe one night we can get together Kathi and watch a movie together.

      Wouldn't that be nice?

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi Lesley, you're so nice, thank you dear! Hugs, Kathi :O)

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi Colin You paint a cozy picture . . . and warm tucked inside on a cold winter day. I do like that part about winter. Do you have netflicks like my boys do? It sounds like a good deal and one of these days I should look into it. Thanks for your blessings and I hope the best for you too . . . sending good vibrations your way! Kathi, Patchy and Khaki xo

    • Movie Master profile image

      Movie Master 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      A fabulous read Kathi, both creative and interesting.

      Thank you and a big vote up from me.

      Best wishes Lesley

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      Good evening Kathi from lake erie time canada on this side of the lake at 11:38pm and yes the past couple of days we've had strong south-westernly winds which made the wind chill unbearable.

      And the past couple of days including tonight have been the coldest of the new year so far.

      It's a good night to have off and I watch a splendid movie on dvd called Argo which I would highly recommend to you - both of my cats went out on their deck for a little fresh air but are back in where the furnace is blowing and the music is playing with a couple of beers after my movie.

      I watch all of my films on my home cinema laptop with headphones - really cozy and intimate.

      I sincerely hope all is well with you and your family these days and sending big Canadian hugs from Colin, Tiffy and Gabriel

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      You're so nice, thank you Eddy!

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales

      A wonderful read Fossillady which I vote up and share. Have a wonderful day


    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      I would love to go fossil hunting with you any day of the week, how's Friday look'n for ya . . . tee hee.

      Your wonderful comment is a real confidence builder, Docmo. I'm hoping once I put my book on amazon I receive half as warm of reception! Thank you dear friend! Hugs and blessings, Kathi :O)

    • Docmo profile image

      Mohan Kumar 5 years ago from UK

      wow, the way you combine all the scientific facts into such an elegant narrative makes this a highly readable and illuminating enterprise, Kathi. I love your ability to transfer information in such an interesting way. I always learn so much here. I am glad we have a fossillady in our midst. I would like to go fossil hunting with such a talented mind... hugs!

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hello Helen, that is such wonderful gift from you to show your approval of my story and I really felt it! When you have a body of work such as a book, so many doubts creep into your head whether its good enough! So I thank you very much, it's just what I needed to hear! Hugs, Kathi :O)

      Hi Pras, thank you for your lovely comment, I hope all is well with you this day! Are you still teaching school these days. I admire anyone who does that. I did it for three years and know how challenging it can be . . . it is here in the states anyway! Kids aren't as respectful as when I grew up. Blessings your way, Kathi :O)

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 5 years ago from malang-indonesia

      Wow....I had never heard about this before. I learn many things here. Very well written, good presentation and I love all the pictures. Thanks for writing and share with us. Good job, Kathi. Voted up!


    • brightforyou profile image

      Helen Lewis 5 years ago from Florida

      Wonderful story for both adults and children! You are a lovely writer - I was there and could smell the ocean, the sand, feel the excitement - excellent stuff, thank you so much for sharing, I am sure your book will be a resounding success! Many blessings, Helen :-)

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      .....well beauty is reserved in my eyes for you dear Kathi - have a wonderful day and wish your son a happy birthday from me .

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Ha, ha, if only

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      ...yes Mister Packer is awesome that means you had your son when you were 15???????? lol lol lol

      'cos you don't look a day over 40, Kathi.

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Oh, there you are my darling crabcake . . . what a nice surprise to see you here this fine dusty snowflake morn! You make me laugh and have a way of lifting up my day . . . And your encouragement is always a huge blessing for me to keep doing what I've come to love . . . write stuff and take pictures and put the two together!

      I'm celebrating my youngest's 25th birthday today so it is a special day indeed! Can't believe it's been that long and will remember the day he came into my life forever!

      Blessing right back attcha and the kitties too :O)

      p.s. I will be sure check out Alastar

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      Well the lovely Linda aka Minnetonka Twin pretty well took all of the right words out of my mouth in her awesome comment.

      Yes it's true I was 'crabby' myself this morning until I had the pleasure of reading this masterpiece from you , dear Kathi, along with my coffee.

      You have given crabs everywhere their dignity and literary due and I felt like a child reading this but also with an adult perspective of being educated and enlightened. One of my very favorites pieces by you, dear lady, and I am so proud of you for rooting for the underdog, so to speak, I really do love and adore your work here my amazing friend and esteemed hub colleague.

      Sending you warm wishes and good energy from lake erie time ontario canada 11:20am from Colin and Tiffy and Gabriel where we received a light dusting of snow making it a white world again

      p.s. - please check out Alastar Packer's Pretty Girl tells her story - you will love it

    • Minnetonka Twin profile image

      Linda Rogers 5 years ago from Minnesota

      Your work was not in vain my friend. I also totally noticed how you brought other species into the story. Incredible, Useful, Educational and Entertaining. It's a brilliant piece of work.

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      You made my day suggesting my story was a great fun way to educate children about the species. That's exactly what I set out to do and it turned into quite a challenge where I was constantly editing and reediting and second guessing! I introduced a whole slue of other species of the time period too! A big thank you my friend! Blessings and hugs, Kathi :O)

    • Minnetonka Twin profile image

      Linda Rogers 5 years ago from Minnesota

      Dear Kathi-what a fascinating article on the horseshoe crab. Breeva is a great and fun way to educate children about this magnificent species. I hit every button but funny and voted up. I will share and tweet as well.

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi Jackie, Thanks you for stopping by and leaving a nice compliment. Yes, indeed, if the human race doesn't watch out, we may find ourselves living in a world minus other wonderful species! Take care, Kathi :O)

      Hi Kitty, I don't think I would want to live in this world if the gift of nature was destroyed. Nature provides beauty and wealth to the soul! I'm with you, we better get it together real soon! Hugs and blessings, Kathi :O)

    • kittythedreamer profile image

      Nicole Canfield 5 years ago from Summerland

      How awesome of a story, Kathi. Great job. It is sad that these creatures are being weeded out...I do hope that the human race gets its sh*t together soon and stops ruining the gift that has been given to us...the gift of life and nature! Blessings. :)

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 5 years ago from The Beautiful South

      Very interesting, I really enjoyed this history lesson. Almost everything seems endangered today doesn't it? ^ and sharing.

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi Nell, Thanks for the lovely comment. I always look forward to seeing you around the hub. They are interesting creatures aren't they and wouldn't hurt a fly, only maybe a worm! Lol, Kathi :O)

      Hi teaches 123456789 oops, went to far, hee hee! Thanks so much for stopping by and offering your nice feedback! Much appreciated, hope you have a wonderful evening! Kathi :O)

      Hi Michelle, you are so right!! I'm with you all the way . . . we have to take better care of our Earth's wonderful creatures. Thank you for stopping by! Kathi :O)

      Hi Ruby, you can stop by as many times as you like sweet girl! I found the video kind of calming myself as they talked about the horseshoe crab and held it so carefully! Hope you have a great weekend! :O)

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I had to come back and watch the video. Beautiful...

    • midget38 profile image

      Michelle Liew 5 years ago from Singapore

      This reminds me of the turtles of Trengganu! These animals go through so much and we take them so for granted. Thanks for sharing!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 5 years ago

      We used to enjoy petting these creatures at the aquarium back home. Your story is very well done and love your facts on the horseshoe crab. They are such interesting creatures.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 5 years ago from England

      Great story kathi, and the facts were interesting too. I saw these crabs on tv recently and they fascinated me, they looked so ancient, as you said they are millions of years old. I did think when reading the story when you mentioned lots of eyes that maybe they were related to the spider, so it was interesting to see that they were. wonderful hub, and loved the facts, nell

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi Alicia . . . glad you found the horseshoe crab facts to be interesting! That says a lot coming from the fact finding queen herself! lol Thanks for stopping by and do have a great day! Kathi :O)

      Hi Ruby, my favorite hippy hub friend! I'm laughing right now at your comment about they typical male hitch hiker! Good one! Anyway, I really appreciate your sign of approval about my story. Since it came from the book I'm about to put on amazon, it gives me a boost of confidence that others hopefully will like it too! Have a good one friend! Fossi

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi Audrey, so good to see you too! I stopped by your way and left comments on your soup recipe and the one about annoying people, but your eye must have been playing tricks on you! lol . . .You're so lucky to have grandchildren!!! Thanks for the nice compliment and glad you liked the story! See you again soon! Really good to see you! Kathi :O)

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Hi Patricia, So glad you liked the story. I became really fascinated by them as well during my research and it would be fun someday to go to the Delaware Bay when they are out in huge numbers. Thanks for stopping by and sending angels, I will send some to you too! Kathi :O)

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I am so impressed. I love your story about Breeva. The video was very interesting too. Thank you for sharing..On a lighter note, The male hitching a ride is so typical..Hee..

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 5 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      This is a lovely story, Kathi, and the facts about horseshoe crabs are very interesting! Thank you for sharing all the information about Breeva and her companions.

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      Hi Kathi ~ Gosh, it's good to see you. Been missing your masterful hubs. And this one is no exception. I knew little about the Horseshoe crab before reading your article. A great story which I will be able to share with my grandchildren.

      Thank you so much!

    • pstraubie48 profile image

      Patricia Scott 5 years ago from sunny Florida

      Great job, Fossillady. I was in to the story from beginning to end. As a lover of all things nautical, this had a special draw for me. Horseshoe crabs have always fascinated me.

      Three years ago when we vacationed in Naples (FL) we found the shell of one on the beach one morning.

      Thanks for sharing this with us. Sending you Angels this afternoon. :) ps

    • Fossillady profile image

      Kathi 5 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      Yes, Kingkos, I read about that and added it to my article. It's sad to me to humiliate an animal of such value this way. If only there was another way! Thanks for commenting!

    • kingkos profile image

      kingkos 5 years ago

      There are many here in Philippines, Fishermen use it primary bait for conch, whelk and eels


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