ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Books, Literature, and Writing»
  • Books & Novels

"Biddy Mason a black women who won her freedom in the old west"

Updated on October 12, 2009

"Biddy Mason a Black wonem who won her freedom in the old west"

Biddy Mason was a women of determination and drive. she accomplished many things in her life especially helping others.
Biddy Mason was a women of determination and drive. she accomplished many things in her life especially helping others.

"Biddy Mason A lack women who won her freedom in the old waest"

This another story from the The Black Frontier according to author : Lillian Schlissel.

Biddy Mason was born a slave in 1818 in Hancock County,Georgia. she had three daughters, Harriet ,Ann, and Ellen. As salves in 1850, they were taken to California. They traveled by wagon at the end of a long caravan of three hundred wagons, where the dust from the hooves of the horses and oxen was stifling . Biddy kept going because she knew that California was a free state where slavery was not recognized.

In 1856 the family who owned them decide to move from California with their salves to Texas. But Biddy refused to go. She said she had become a free woman because she was living in a free state. Then she convinced the sheriff to stop her master from taking her out of California. With the help of white friends, she petitioned the federal district court in LosĀ  Angeles county, and in 1856 she was declared a free women.

Biddy Mason was lucky. Other black men and women during the years preceding the Civil War were stilled considered "property" by most courts, even when they had been taken to free territory . The legal issues were complicated because some of the states allowed slavery, others outlawed slavery, and territories had laws that were unclear.

Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri. His master took him to the free state of Illinois, then into territory where slavery had been excluded by the Missouri compromise, and then back to Missouri . Scott sued for his freedom because, like Biddy Mason, he said he had become a free man by living in Illinois. The supreme court , only one year after a court in Los Angeles found Biddy Mason was free, declared that Dred Scott had no right to bring suit because he wasn't a citizen.

The court declared that the Missouri compromise was unconstitutional because masters could take their slaves anywhere they liked. The Dred Scott decision , Like John Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry , split the nation apart. Thousand of people who ha been indifferent were now persuaded that slavery must be abolished. The Black leader

Frederick Douglass told his people the complete over-throw of the whole slave system would occur. Biddy mason married Charlie P.Owens in Los Angeles, and they worked together on behalf of the struggling black community . Biddy shrewdly guessed that in the long run, Land, not gold , was the most valuable thing to own, and she began buying real estate with every bit of money she could earn.

She and her husband started with twelve lots, but by the end of the of the 1880's, Biddy Mason's estate was worth more than $200,000. She used her money to help black families around her. She paid grocery bills when people were in need ; she donated land for black schools, churches and nursing homes; she sent food to black men in local jails; and she helped families devastated by floods.

Biddy Mason did not leave a monument , but she left a black community in Los Angeles that survived to this present day. When she died in 1891, one of those who knew her life's work called Biddy Mason one of the most remarkable pioneer of California.

Benny Faye Douglass

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 5 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you l;sdsdkl, for your visit and for your love. God bless you. creativeone59

    • profile image

      l;sdsdkl 5 years ago

      i luv you

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you so much Ummm, for stopping by my hubs and I'm glad I had something that you could us. Godspeed. creativeone59

    • profile image

      ummm 7 years ago

      This really helped me with a report I am doing!

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you again fastfreta, any history we can find about the African American heritage is a blessing to come by. Thanks for stopping by. Blessings to you and yours. creativeone59

    • fastfreta profile image

      Alfreta Sailor 7 years ago from Southern California

      What an interesting story. I love history, and this is right up my alley. Thank you very much creativeone. More, more.

    • profile image

      Lake of the Ozarks Vacation Rentals 7 years ago

      Wow, what a great story. This kind of history is amazing and very touching.

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Veronica, you're welcome. creativeone59

    • Veronica Allen profile image

      Veronica Allen 7 years ago from Georgia

      Wow! This history lesson is truly amazing and inspiring, thanks for sharing it with us.

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      You are very welcome, it was my pleasure, thank for your comment and welcome feedback. creativeone59

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 7 years ago from London, UK

      How I love and relish your stories of ordenary and yet so great people. Thank you again for writing it.

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      You are a sweet heart, thank you for your comment and I don't have any idea about the Jesse Owens thing. Thanks for your comments and feedback. creativeone59

    • SoftCornHippo profile image

      SoftCornHippo 7 years ago

      You were in a big hurry with this one! But I'd never heard of her before. Was she then, related by marryage to Jesse Owens? I'm your biggest fan! No. REALLY!

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Hmrjmr1, for your comment and feedback it's well appreciated. creativeone59

    • creativeone59 profile image
      Author

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Hmrjmr1, for your comment and feedback it's well appreciated. creativeone59

    • Hmrjmr1 profile image

      Hmrjmr1 7 years ago from Georgia, USA

      Great Hub! A story that well could have been lost to history. Folks like her were remarkable in their tenacity and teamwork, God Bless her!!