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Abraham Lincoln Biography : By Ryan Beitler

Updated on March 17, 2016
Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln

Quick Facts

Father: Thomas Lincoln - farmer and carpenter
Mother: Nancy Hanks - died when Lincoln was nine. His stepmother, Sarah Bush Johnston, was very close to him.
Siblings: Sarah Grigsby was the only sibling to live to maturity.
Wife: Mary Todd - grew up in relative wealth. Four of her siblings fought for the South. She was considered mentally unbalanced.
Children: Robert Todd - lawyer and diplomat; William Wallace - the only president's child to die in the White House, and Thomas "Tad" - died at 18.

Birth: February 12, 1809

Death: April 15, 1865

Term of Office: March 4, 1861-March 3, 1865

Number of Terms Elected: 2 Terms; Was assassinated soon after being elected to his second term.

First Lady: Mary Todd Lincoln

Nickname: "Honest Abe"

Abraham Lincoln Quote: "Whenever I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally."

Major Events While in Office:

  • Civil War (1861-1865)
  • Emancipation Proclamation (1863)

States Entering Union While in Office:

  • West Virginia (1863)
  • Nevada (1864)

Abraham Lincoln Biography; The Motives Of John Wilkes Booth

Early years : Abraham Lincoln was born February 12th, 1809 in Harden County, Kentucky. Abraham never really knew his mother , as she dies when he was Ten, known with the last name of Hanks. He and his father, a Kentucky frontiersman, removed to Indiana when he was eight years old.Lincoln was surrounded by a vast wild region at that time with woods far as he could see almost contained. Coming of age, he knew how to read and write but that was pretty much about it.

Growing up : Lincoln made huge efforts as a teenager growing up working on a farm, splitting rails for fences, and keeping store at New Salem, Illinois.He then set off leading as a Captain in the Black Hawk War and spent eight years in the Illinois legislature riding the circuit of courts for many years upon in.He was known for his restless energy and phenomenal work ethic but also a very quite man. Abraham married to a women named Mary Todd and had four boys total.

Impact of A Visionary : In 1858, Lincoln ran against Stephen A. Douglas for Senator in a losing effort. Through the process though, he gained national exposure and a reputation winning him the republican nomination in 1860, becoming the sixteenth President of the United States.On January 1st, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring freedom to slaves within the confederacy. This is definitely his staple and a huge part of his legacy in my eyes. One of the biggest issues in the modern worlds lack of success, is the unwillingness to make an extraordinary decision that could possibly affect billions of people in the society.Did some people yearn for slavery to end 'definitely'. Did some completely rebel and not want to follow of course it's known as the time of the Civil and Gettysburg War. Not everyone was fond of change especially southern states as Abraham fought hard to change their mind set on living standards later on in his presidency campaign.Yet, eventually when all the dust cleared, speaking on years after, things became accepted and stabilized as they of course should. Everyone is created equal in this world and should have the same chance as another in every aspect of life.Unfortunately, we are somewhat still living in the past and hopefully soon to be close to the future. Why are we still drilling for oil in our mother Earth continuing to stab holes in her thinking it wont eventually lead to serious repercussions? What a joke!We should already be invested in schooling and creating more jobs for the running of ' Electric cars and trains'.It should happen sooner then later that we must understand what is better for our world ,as people in the long run, and make huge striving efforts to make this a staple in our common society and an accepted way of transportation permanently.Why are we not there yet do you ask" it's actually quite simple really. Stocks would plummet and investors could possibly loose TRILLIONS of dollars in the long run with devastating damage to them financially. Living in a corrupted world by the almighty dollar, we are more worried about making money and maintaining a current life style,that like fossil fuel, has an must have an expiration date. Meaning coal oil, everywhere across the world along with some other natural resources are at a scary low. We MUST ACCEPT CHANGE and make this happen with the electric car and be known as accepted. Pollution will drop, jobs and schooling should be created for the production in a variety of ways. We as a society must understand what is best for us. Changes must occur first, in our mind and souls before we as the people, can strive for unimaginable goals. We must accept a lifestyle change using the most rational reasoning skills we have, to improving our society and the World we live in.

The oil painting of Lincoln is by artist and sculptor Richard R. Miller.
The oil painting of Lincoln is by artist and sculptor Richard R. Miller.
Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln

Presidency and Major accomplishments

During Gettysburg in his presidency he stated one of his most powerful speeches in dedication to all the military cemetery's. Abraham quote, " that we here highly resolve that these dead shall have not have died in vain-- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom-- and that government of the people, by the people, shall not perish from the earth."Lincoln was reelected in 1864 and brought peace with a flexible and generous nature. As I mentioned earlier, he encouraged southerners to lay down their arms and join a quick reunion. The south, stuck in their way, had a very specific lifestyle back then, that people just like us today, would fear change because we wouldn't know how to live a certain way with severe changes that impact our lives.

During his presidency, Lincoln carried out many vital endeavors. His greatest accomplishment, without a doubt, was the initiation of 'Emancipation Proclamation'. On November 6, 1860, Lincoln, a republican candidate, was elected President of the United States. While he won the election with support from the northern states, the southern states made it clear that they would secede if he claimed the presidency. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina carried out this threat. A few months later South Carolina and six other cotton-growing states in the South declared themselves to be a new nation - the Confederate States of America. Though Lincoln and nearly every Republican leader denounced the secession, he believed that a peaceful solution was possible. Unfortunately, the hope for peaceful reconciliation was extinguished when Union troops were fired upon and forced to surrender at Fort Sumter. With this attack, Civil War broke out. In response, Lincoln along with the support of the governors, rounded up 75,000 troops from all the states to do all that was necessary to "preserve the Union". In a short while, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas seceded too. Finally, on September 22, 1862, the Emancipation Proclamation was announced, and put into effect on January 1, 1863. One result of this was that black men could join the Union Army and Navy. By the end of the war, all the slaves (over three million) in the Confederate territory were freed. When this was done, Lincoln commenced the process of the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment to permanently abolish slavery throughout the nation. Eventually the Confederation was defeated and the North and South were reunited. Abraham Lincoln's greatness lies not only in the way he held the Union together and led the North to victory, but also in the freeing of all 18,000 rebels who were arrested, excluding one who was exiled. He also encouraged Southerners to lay down their arms and join in the reunion.

Among the other legislations he helped put in place during his presidency, was the Morrill Act. It facilitated the setting up of agricultural and mechanical colleges in each state. He also lent support to the Homestead Act, which made millions of acres of land in the West available at very low prices. In a move that bolstered the economy, he signed the National Banking Act which provided for the creation of a network of national banks as well as established the first paper currency. He also empowered trade and transport by signing the Pacific Railway Acts of 1862 and 1864, that chartered the first transcontinental railroad. He was commended in his handling of foreign policy that prevented foreign intervention in the Civil War.

1. Abraham Lincoln made the decision to fight to prevent the nation from splitting apart.

2. Abraham Lincoln was an unfaltering commander in chief during the Civil War which preserved the United States as one nation.

3. Abraham Lincoln's foreign policy was successful in preventing other countries from intervening in America's Civil War.

4. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which began the process of freedom for America's slaves. The document also allowed black soldiers to fight for the Union.

5. Abraham Lincoln was a strong supporter of the Thirteenth Amendment that formally ended slavery in the United States.

6. Legislation Abraham Lincoln signed into law included the Homestead Act, the Morrill Act, the National Banking Act, and a bill that chartered the first transcontinental railroad.

7. Abraham Lincoln set an example of strong character, leadership, and honesty which succeeding presidents tried to emulate. Barack Obama is the latest to look to Lincoln as a model.

8. Abraham Lincoln gave a series of great speeches before and during his presidency including the House Divided Speech, the Cooper Union Address, the First Inaugural Address, the Gettysburg Address, and the Second Inaugural Address.

9. Abraham Lincoln wrote a series of famous letters including the letters to Grace Bedell, Horace Greeley, Fanny McCullough, and Lydia Bidney

Famous Quotes Of Abraham Lincoln

  • It is not best to swap horses while crossing the river.

  • Truth is generally the best vindication against slander.

  • Beware of rashness, but with energy and sleepless vigilance go forward and give us victories.

  • Men are not flattered by being shown that there has been a difference of purpose between the Almighty and them.

  • In giving freedom to the slave we assure freedom to the free - honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve.

  • Let us have faith that right makes might; and in that faith let us to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it.

  • Nobody has ever expected me to be president. In my poor, lean lank face nobody has ever seen that any cabbages were sprouting.

  • I shall try to correct errors when shown to be errors, and I shall adopt new views so fast as they shall appear to be true views.

  • Why should there not be a patient confidence in the ultimate justice of the people? Is there any better or equal hope in the world?

  • You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time.

  • That this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

  • I pray that our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your bereavement and leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and lost, and the solemn pride that must be yours to have laid so costly a sacrifice upon the altar of freedom.

Abraham Lincoln Famous Quotes : A friend is one who has the same enemies as you have.

A house divided against itself cannot stand.

A woman is the only thing I am afraid of that I know will not hurt me.

All my life I have tried to pluck a thistle and plant a flower wherever the flower would grow in thought and mind.

All that I am, or hope to be, I owe to my angel mother.

Allow the president to invade a neighboring nation, whenever he shall deem it necessary to repel an invasion, and you allow him to do so whenever he may choose to say he deems it necessary for such a purpose - and you allow him to make war at pleasure.

Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other.

Am I not destroying my enemies when I make friends of them?

America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves.

Any people anywhere, being inclined and having the power, have the right to rise up, and shake off the existing government, and form a new one that suits them better. This is a most valuable - a most sacred right - a right, which we hope and believe, is to liberate the world.

As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy.

As our case is new, we must think and act anew.

Avoid popularity if you would have peace.

Ballots are the rightful and peaceful successors to bullets.

Be sure you put your feet in the right place, then stand firm.

Books serve to show a man that those original thoughts of his aren't very new at all.

Character is like a tree and reputation like a shadow. The shadow is what we think of it; the tree is the real thing.

Common looking people are the best in the world: that is the reason the Lord makes so many of them.

Die when I may, I want it said by those who knew me best that I always plucked a thistle and planted a flower where I thought a flower would grow.

Discourage litigation. Persuade your neighbors to compromise whenever you can. As a peacemaker the lawyer has superior opportunity of being a good man. There will still be business enough.

A perfect clip of one of the most notorious scenes ever captured. Almost like a play, an john was an actor, he assassinated the visionary and President Abraham Lincoln.
A perfect clip of one of the most notorious scenes ever captured. Almost like a play, an john was an actor, he assassinated the visionary and President Abraham Lincoln.
John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth

Death : Motives of John Wilkes Booth

As I mentioned before, the southern lifestyle was very particular and cruel in ways following slavery and heinous acts of violence not seen to be that out of the ordinary. Many states were at first reluctant but eventually coming to reason. I think this had an integral part and tremendous meaning as to why John Wilkes Booth thought he was helping the south and firm believers of their war of life. He truly thought the race barrier would break after Abraham's death and that the Souths lifestyle would have a chance to remain in its way and current keep its current values. A man attempting to be a hero, as he though the numbers of people would view this as trying to save their culture somewhat thinking the numbers could possibly over power Lincolns believers, especially if the man is dead.It's is not truly hard to understand his thought process and motives unlike most historians proclaim. Just after Gettysburg, the proclamation, he was a man that would do anything at any cost, believing the two races could not coincide only knowing how to live being raised and taught this way. In one of Abraham's newly found writings from his journal, he actually stated that blacks should live in the south where it is more like their heritage of Nation and true surroundings of like Africa.Climate wise. Though it sound ridiculous.. He even stated that their ways could possibly corrupt the white mans way of living. Knowing fully well that even though the barrier was broken, it was going to take some serious getting used to in a way. If this be true, the two minds actually share a common bond in a twisted manor. John Firmly believed in small things that Lincoln truly did recognize but saw him to be a coward by not truly respecting the old way lifestyle of the time. On good Friday, April 14th 1865 Abraham was assassinated by John Wilkes booth, a known actor at the time, at Fords theater in Washington. In Roman times, when people questioned a Kind named Agamemnon on his ways or dare challenge him, he called upon a man named Achilles to allow the Greek culture to flourish in way though maybe truly not agreeing with his beliefs.He was known as a hero from protecting his people or countrymen from unnecessary change especially of war. Though John be no mythical swordsman, he attempted to protect his people that thought as he and maintain the south, his county, his ways.A truly sad attempt trying to be a hero when actually being remembered as an assassin. Hector, was of Troy and at that time the son of a king. Like Abraham, he had firm beliefs in the Trojans way of living and died to protect his home. So did john. Achilles killed Hector and was known as one of the greatest warriors in an era for his bravery. Though using a gun be very cowardly in ways, he accomplished his mission, yet with the complete opposite results. The walls of racism, was a glorious obstacle like the walls of Troy, yet it was eventually conquered 'SOMEHOW'. I can't question the mans motives and why, unlike most it is actually quite bland and easy, I question the Wolfs! The destructive minds that plague the sheep's brain at a young age thinking these things were EVER OK, THAT ANYONE BE SUPERIOR THEN ANOTHER BECAUSE OF LOOK OR RACE. Those are the people that will never allow the world to be one, come together, succeed as one, or live in Harmony.The teachings and upbringing on how one is raised be a permanent marker that be incredibly hard to erase. When anyone 'FIRMLY' believes something, they will usually go to any means to make it happen or stand their ground. John was standing on a ground with a crust formed with hay. He was on the wrong sides team but i am sure through his entire life he was told to fight what he believed in and stood for. Like anyone would do, except his teachings, ways of life, and understanding was polluted into his mind at a young age. Accepting these as the only standards. Thank you.

~Some Information contained are the personal opinions based off extensive studies on John Wilkes Booth and Abraham Lincoln by Ryan C.Beitler. All Rights Reserved *copyright 2011*

Abraham Lincolns' Tomb Oak Ridge Cemetery Springfield, Illinois
Abraham Lincolns' Tomb Oak Ridge Cemetery Springfield, Illinois

Death cause

Lincoln and several of his family members had a hereditary cancer syndrome called multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B (MEN2B) . The diagnosis strongly suggests that Lincoln was dying of cancer in his last months, and also explains many previously mysterious Lincolnian characteristics:

  • Lincoln's body shape, i.e. his height, long limbs, big feet, leanness, high voice, flat feet, sunken chest.
  • Lincoln's sagging face, that witnesses mistakenly thought was sadness or depression.
  • Lincoln's bumpy lips and big lower lip.
  • The large bump on Lincoln's right cheek.
  • Lincoln's fatigue, headaches, fainting, and cold hands & feet in his last months.
  • Lincoln's intermittently drooping eyelids.
  • Lincoln's constipation.
  • Lincoln's high voice.
  • Lincoln's propensity to lie on the floor when reading, and rest his feet on a table when sitting.
  • Lincoln's asymmetric face and homeliness.
  • Lincoln's loose-jointedness.
  • The death of three of Lincoln's sons before age 20, and, probably, his mother's death at 34.

   Designed by sculptor Larkin G. Mead, the tomb features famous Lincoln statuary. It's worth a visit just to see the sculpture, both inside and out. Visitors often stop to rub the nose of this evocative bronze bust at the entrance.
Designed by sculptor Larkin G. Mead, the tomb features famous Lincoln statuary. It's worth a visit just to see the sculpture, both inside and out. Visitors often stop to rub the nose of this evocative bronze bust at the entrance. | Source


Submit a Comment

  • davidkaluge profile image


    7 years ago

    I often ask people in my hub and other comments make, "How did Lincoln know that slavery was wrong? The answer is that he put himself in the position of the slaves and he got an answer most people of his time did not understand" He is someone I can proudly call "my friend for life"

  • Jo_Goldsmith11 profile image


    7 years ago

    You did a really terrific job here! I think President Lincoln was one of the best Presidents this country has had in the white house. voted up! great job!


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