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"Black American Frontier" The Exodusters"

Updated on October 9, 2009

"Black Frontier" The Exodusters"

Benjamin Singleton, founder of the black community of Dunlap and Nicodemus, Kansas; The beginning for Satchell Paige.
Benjamin Singleton, founder of the black community of Dunlap and Nicodemus, Kansas; The beginning for Satchell Paige.

"Black frontier" The Exodusters"

Black frontiers is about black men and women in old west history,according to the author Lillian Schlissel:

Men and women who had been slaves read in the bible about the ancient Israelites who were brought out of bondage and delivered into freedom. Benjamin Singleton, born a slave in Tenneessee, was determined that he would bring his people to free soil if it was the last thing he ever did. after the Civil War,Singleton visited Kansas and over a period of years, he and his friends managed to buy part of a Cherokee reservation.

In 1877 they advertised for homesteaders to start an all black community there. They hoped to attract two hundred families. Fliers promised that settlers who paid one dollar Installments of 25 cents at a time or other wise, as may be desired could be part of the new community. By 1879 and exodus of black families, out of the Old South began, and before long there were eight hundred homesteaders; in the kansas communities of Dunlap and Nicodemus.

Benjamin Singleton said, My people that carried to Kansas came on our own resources. We have tried to make a people of ourselves.... They were known as the Exodusters. Farmers in Nicodemus owned only three horses. One man plowed with a milk cow, and others broke ground with shovels and spades. White farmers saw how hard their new neighbors worked and lent the new settlers a team of oxen and a plow.

Black farmers planted their first crops and in time the prospered. By the turn of the century there were about eight thousand black homesteaders in Nicodemus and Dunlap. Some black settlers moved farther west to Nebraska and Oklahoma where they built three new black communities - Taft, langston, and  Boley. George Washinton  Bush went all the way to Oregon Territory, where he introduced the first mower and reaper;into the area around Puget Sound.

Of all the black communities, however Nicodemus and Dunlap remained the most famous. Each year they celebrated the Fourth of July, and they had their own special holiday Emancipation Day. On July 31 and August 1, a square mile of land was set aside as a carnival fairground. There were boxing matches and baseball games. In 1907 the town formed one of the nation's first black baseball teams --- the Nicodemus Blues. The Blues played black teams far away as Texas, Nevada, and Louisiana.

Satchell Paige, one of the greatest black pitchers in America baseball history, played ball in Nicodemus. In 1976 Nicodemus was designated a National Historic Landmark. The towns history is being recorded and buildings restored. it marks the proud legacy of black homesteaders in America.

Benny Faye Douglass



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    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      5 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      BK, I don't understand your comment, would care to elaborate on it. Thank you. creativeone59

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      5 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you for your visit bkcreative, but I don't understand your comment, can you make it more plain. Thank you I appreciate you. Godspeed. Faye

    • profile image

      bkcreative 

      5 years ago

      Bad hub it is not full

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      6 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Natfittn, for your visit and comment, I really appreciate you. Godspeed. creativeon e59

    • profile image

      Natfittn 

      6 years ago

      Excellent Hub! - I'm new here and I'm so glad that our history is being displayed. We need to keep letting our story be known! I will follow you.

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Evelyn, And you are correct indeed,we need to keep educating our people. Thank you for your comment and feedback. Godspeed. creativeone59

    • profile image

      Evelyn M. Turner 

      8 years ago

      We must continue to share and educate about our ancestors least we forget what an awesome people we are!

    • pinkboxer profile image

      pinkboxer 

      8 years ago from Louisiana

      May the spirit of the Exodusters remain alive in you, I, and future generations of Americans of African heritage whose legacy is that of slavery. You will never run out of material for these hubs, believe me.

      God bless!

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Jose, for stopping by, I'm very glad that I help you out. Thank you for your comment and feedback on my hubs.Godspeed. creativeone59

    • profile image

      Jose  

      8 years ago

      This week I learned a lot about Black Story.

      Last February was African American History Month, and I as Mexican didn't know anything about.

      My teacher give me an assignment about the Exodusters, and I found fascinating how they pursued freedom,showed courage, seeking a brighter future. This article help me a lot. Thanks creativeone59

      P.D I'm sorry for my broken English.

    • profile image

      UN-KNOWN 

      8 years ago

      Thanks this really will help me on this project im doing! :D

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      You

      re very welcome PWalker, I thank you for stopping by my hub,and for your comments and feedback. have a blessed day. creativeone59

    • profile image

      PWalker281 

      8 years ago

      Fabulous story! Thanks for sharing!

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      You're welcome thanks for your comment and your feedback. Godspeed

    • Itswritten profile image

      Itswritten 

      8 years ago from Detroit, Michigan

      Thakns I love to learn more about black history, great imformative hub.

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you so much for your comment and feedback. creativeone59

    • SoftCornHippo profile image

      SoftCornHippo 

      8 years ago

      Hey, Nicodemus~ I never been there but heard about it, long, long ago. Heard it was segregated! Hehe. Never heard about any other towns like it, but I spose there were! An' now that it's bein historicly preserved, will us ol' white hippos get to go visit sometimes? I don't know but your hub makes me wanna find out! so mucho thanks creativeone~!

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Hello hello, for your welcome comment and feedback. creativeone59

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you godslittlechild for your comment and feedback. Godspeed. creativeone59

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      8 years ago from London, UK

      What a lovely story and interesting history. Thank you so very much for bringing it to us.

    • Godslittlechild profile image

      Godslittlechild 

      8 years ago

      So much I didn't know. Really good hub!

    • Veronica Allen profile image

      Veronica Allen 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Very, very interesting. History has so much to tell us. Thanks for another history lesson.

    • creativeone59 profile imageAUTHOR

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      You're welcome and I'll keep bring them until I run out, I'm even learning some things myself. thank for you comment. creativeone59

    • BkCreative profile image

      BkCreative 

      8 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

      So much history! I'm keeping up with your history lessons!

      Thanks so much!

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