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Constructive Criticism

Updated on February 13, 2011

Avoid This Reaction to Your Reviews


How to Give A Critique (Creative Writing)

Let's face it; no one likes to hear that their writing isn't wonderful. But as awful as it is to hear bad things about my writing, I find telling others about flaws in their work to be worse. It's hard to find a balance between honesty and brutality when reviewing.

Over the years, I've reviewed hundreds upon hundreds of poems, short stories and novel chapters and I've developed a strategy for making this as painless as possible.

Critique Strategy: The Sandwich Review

The Sandwich Review is a classic. You start the review with a positive comment such as wonderful use of voice, nice description, I enjoyed the honesty or great potential. I normally don't use the word never but in this case, I mean it, never give a false compliment in a review.

Once you lie to the person you are reviewing, the trust in the relationship is gone. There is always something worthwhile in a piece even if it’s only that they used all their punctuation correctly. If you can't say a single nice thing about the piece, you probably shouldn't review it.

The middle of the review sandwich contains the problems in the writing. Here's the tricky part, you can't just say the dialogue is weak. You have to give specific examples in the writing.

A writer is more likely to trust your opinion on their writing if you can point out specific examples.

EXAMPLE: 'I thought I told you to be quiet but I guess I didn't but I should have,' squealed Bob.

From the middle of Review: Although I like how you are trying to establish Bob's distinct voice in the piece, I find the repeated 'I' statements in this part of the dialogue (I thought, I guess, I should) difficult to follow. If you just removed one of these, the sentence would flow a bit easier when you read it but still keep the flavor of Bob's language. My second issue is the use of the word 'squealed'...

You see how the review gives a specific example, remains respectful, restates what I think the author is attempting, gives suggested changes and why I think they would improve the piece. This being critical without being cruel.

The second way to be critical is to ask questions of the author. I find that instead of stating that the author is wrong or mistaken, if you ask the writer to rethink why they did something, it is a non-confrontational way to make a point.

Example: 'Bob was fat, really, really, really fat with a shiny fat head.'

From the middle of the Review: Do you really need three repetitions of the word really followed by the two repeats of fat? I think if you reduced the number of times you used both words, you'd still get that comic feel of exaggeration without going over the top. What do you think?

After you've given the positive start and then listed the problems with the piece, you need to end on a good note. You should restate in a positive way what you've stated earlier and end on an encouraging note.

End of Review: I enjoyed your flair for description and the comic turn in the story. I think once you've polished off the rough edges, this will be a fantastic story.

As you can see, I did not state anything that was untrue. I pointed out flaws or possible flaws in the writing with specific examples; I was not discouraging to the writer.

Every writer has flaws. I have flaws. Your job as a reviewer is to gently point out ways to improve the writing without crushing the spirit of the writer.

The Sandwich Review starts out positive, fills the middle with suggestions for improvement including examples and then ends on a positive note. These two layers of good  will make the less than flattering middle be more palatable.

It's like a review Oreo, only the middle is filled with vitamin paste instead of creamy filling.

Getting A Bad Critique


Receiving Criticism

If you've ever participated in a workshop or a review exchange, chances are you've received an unfavorable review. As a writer, it's just part of the job.

As I've gotten older, I've found I almost prefer the highly critical reviews that give me points to improve on rather than the generic ones full of praise. Not that I don't enjoy being told that I'm wonderful and crap rainbows but if I also have a booger hanging out of my nose, I'd really rather just know.

Here are a few getting started tips for receiving criticism.

TIP 1) Wait. Read the review but if it is unfavorable do not reply right away. Whether you are angry, enraged or mildly suicidal about what they've said, give it a few hours or even a day before you respond to the written review.

Often when you look at the review later without the anger clouding your judgment, you can see if there are valid points in what they've said. When you first get a 'bad' review, it is easy to get so caught up in your emotions that you forget to ask yourself if there is 'truth' in the review.

TIP 2) Believe in Yourself. Some reviewers enjoy tearing people apart and sometimes you'll get a review that will eviscerate you unfairly. In some cases, it's that your style of writing and the reviewer's diverge greatly and the reviewer is judging you on their particular style. If your reviewer writes literary fiction and you write humorous sci-fi, the viewpoints might not mesh.

Other times, it's just that the reviewer is a big poo-head.

Yep, I said it. A big stinky poo-head. Some reviewers just enjoying trying to make others miserable. The good news about these reviewers is that they are usually quite obvious in what they are doing. Everyone they review receives a scathing diatribe that insults everything from your use of commas to your IQ. I suggest on these reviews to check out other critiques by this person. If they all have the same tone, then it is probably a personality issue and not your writing specifically.

I suggest just asking them politely to not review work in the future. Keep it short and polite. Yelling at this type of reviewer is like throwing gasoline on a forest fire. Just let it go.

Tip 3: Always say thank you. Even if the review is not particularly helpful, always say thank you for the person's time. You never know who knows who in the writing world. Why burn bridges? And if it’s a helpful review, you'll want them to review more of your work. So be gracious and say thanks.

Tip 4: Reply. I shouldn't have to tell writers this but it happens. There is nothing sadder than spending time writing someone a detailed review and getting little or no response. This is a great way to alienate your good reviewers. Always tell a reviewer when they help you on your writing. At the absolute minimum, thank them for their time.

Tip 5: Return the Favor. If the person who gave you the helpful review also writes, offer to review something they've written. But I will warn you that some of the best reviewers don't always write well themselves. It's easier for them to fix other's pieces than to edit their own. Be honest, fair and helpful in your review.

Tip 6: Ignore. If you get a persistent bad egg that keeps tearing your writing apart on a review site or a workshop, the best thing you can do is ignore them. The clueless will keep reviewing you and you can delete their reviews sight unseen. The smart cookies will eventually stop and if they don't, you can usually block them or speak to your workshop director.

In the boxing world, a boxer has to be able take a punch as well as throw one. It's the same in the writing world. You have to be able to jab and take one in the jaw.

Can you take a hit?

Every Writing Garden Needs A Little Crap to Grow


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    • putnut profile image


      7 years ago from Central Illinois or wherever else I am at the moment.

      Well, you were crapping rainbows on this one. For many, learning to not let their emotions cloud learning from someone with good advice is the biggest hurdle. Don't get emotionally involved in someone else's opinion. There is someone out there who can't stand the way we do things, no matter how "correct" we think our way is. That is life. Getting past the emotions and learning from others is crucial to improving in any venture. You brought that out well.

    • htodd profile image


      8 years ago from United States

      This is really a great article on Constructive Criticism

    • Happyboomernurse profile image

      Gail Sobotkin 

      8 years ago from South Carolina

      I knew this was going to be a good hub when I saw the first picture and the caption above it.

      I liked the idea of a "Sandwich Review" which helps soften the criticism by placing it in between 2 positive but true comments about the article under review. I also liked your generous use of specific examples to prove your points.

      Thanks for sharing these critque tips.

    • equinelover909 profile image


      9 years ago

      Thank you very much for this hub! I always struggle with giving criticism to people (it's just so hard to tell people their writing isn't good!), but I think your strategy will really help me. =)

    • Tirzah Laughs profile imageAUTHOR

      Tirzah Laughs 

      9 years ago from USA

      I find the thing I the hardest is when I really don't like a piece. That's the worst when I have to find a kind way to tell a person I like that there story isn't my cup of tea. :)

    • Storytellersrus profile image


      9 years ago from Stepping past clutter

      Criticism is the most difficult part of writing for the editor and the writer, I agree. I have been in both positions and I prefer getting criticism versus giving it. In fact, I quit editing a spiritual newsletter because I was so lousy at offering criticism. In attempting to deepen what people were saying, I often shut them down. Granted, I am not trained in editing, but only in writing. And even that is something I struggle to improve day by day.

      So, can I take a hit? Probably. But in my Master's program, it often shut me down completely. I think it depends on where I am in my writing. If I am playing, it shuts me down. If I am what I might consider finished, I am able to weigh whether I agree and am willing to change my piece. I feel a sense of control at that point. Does this make sense?

      Can I give a hit? The worst critiques I make concern ideas. It is never good to critique an idea out of anger. I stew over this for hours and sometimes even days. I think it is best to point a person in the right direction. It is all about growing, isn't it?

      I am going to bookmark this hub so I can come back and consider your points. I think they are well stated and I appreciate your sensitivity.


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