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English grammer (Active and Passive voices)

Updated on March 23, 2012


  1. The objects in active voice become the subject in passive voice.
  2. The participle form of the verb is used in passive voice
  3. Changes in subject

I - ME

HE - HIM

SHE - HER

YOU - YOU

THEY - THEM

WE - US

WHO - WHOM

BOYS - BOYS

4.

(A) Simple present-Passive

Form of verb: - am/is/ are + past participle of the verb.

Eg: People speak Hindi

Ans: Hind is spoken by people

(B) Present continuous – Passive

Form of the verb - am/is/are + being + past participle of the verb

Eg: He is written letters

Ans: Letters are being written by him

(C) Present perfect – Passive

Form of the verb – has/have + been + past participle of the verb

Eg: He has drawn pictures

Ans: Pictures have been drawn by him

(D) Simple past – Passive

Form of the verb – was/were + past participle of the verb

Eg: I wrote a letter

Ans: A letter was written by me

(E) Past continuous – Passive

Form of the verb – was/were + being + past participle of the verb

Eg: I was writing a letter

Ans: A letter was being written by me

(F) Past perfect – Passive

Form of the verb – had + been + past participle of the verb

Eg: I had written by a letter

Ans: A letter had been written by me

(G) Simple future – Passive

Form of the verb – will/shall + be + past participle of the verb

Eg: I will write a letter

Ans: A letter will be written by me

(H) Future perfect – Passive

Form of the verb – will/shall + have + been + past participle of the verb

Eg: He will have written a letter

Ans: A letter will have been written by me

5. Model Auxilaries – Passive form

(a) can/could +be+ past participle

(b) may/might+be+ past participle

(c) shall/should + be + past participle

(d) must +be + past participle

(e) need + (not) + be + past participle

(f) ought to + be+ past participle

6. when imperative sentence are changed to passive voice, They begin with ‘Let’ .

Examples :

  1. Give the answer.
  2. Open the door
  3. Do not invite her to the marriage

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      vikas 3 years ago

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      good..