ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Flight Log, A Short Story

Updated on January 1, 2012

1965 Cessna 150

Flight Log

There it was again; a small, queer shudder emanating from the engine, and one that seemed to manifest itself throughout the airframe. I scanned the instrument panel once more, but all was well. Oil pressure and temperature was normal. Engine rpm was rock steady. Finally, I shrugged and scanned the sky again, looking for traffic.

The early morning sky was crisp and clear. Off in the distance, I spotted one lone cumulous, and that was it. I checked my calculator one more time and shook my head. The weather was CAVU (clear and visibility unlimited), but I was battling a fierce headwind. The winds aloft forecast had said nothing about this.

When a pilot finds himself out of glide range to an airport, the engine goes into what we laughingly call ‘automatic rough’…imagined changes in sounds and vibrations. I was just under ten thousand feet over an eight thousand foot mountain range and on my way to a friend’s ranch. Traversing that twenty miles of high terrain would take me almost twenty long minutes with this unexpected thirty knot headwind.

I had stumbled upon a very low time, nineteen sixty five Cessna one-fifty, something almost unheard of in this basic trainer aircraft. Most were high time and all but worn out before being put on the market.

I had chanced across it when I had visited a farm in Kansas on a writing assignment and spotted an old hangar. When I asked the elderly lady about it, she said her late husband had kept his airplane there, and in fact, it was still there. He had died in the nineteen seventies.

That was enough to excite any pilot! When I asked if I could see it, she nodded her head and smiled. “You’re the first person to take any interest in it. It was always just Harold and me. We had no children and no kin to speak of, and my dear lady friends don’t give two hoots in hell about flying.”

We walked out to the hangar, and it took some time to clear the brush so I could open the doors, but they finally slid back on protesting, dry rollers and there she was. The tires were flat and she was covered in dust and bird droppings, but I knew I’d found a gem.

“Have you ever thought of selling it?” I asked.

“Not really, but then, no one has ever asked. I have no idea what it’s worth.”

I checked the Hobbs hour meter and it read one thousand, two hundred and thirteen. I was stunned. I turned to her in astonishment.

“Did he buy this new?”

“Oh land sakes, yes! Harold never bought anything used. He said it was just buying someone else’s problems.”

I asked her to excuse me and made a couple of calls to aircraft brokers. "Give me the actual Blue Book on it please. I’m not about to cheat this lovely woman.”

When I made my offer, I lowered the price enough to cover the cost of getting it back in flying condition, but it was still a nice sum of money.

It was her turn to be stunned. “There must be some mistake. I’m sure he paid no more than seven thousand for it brand new.” My offer was approaching three times that much.

I explained the inflationary pressures, but she still talked me into far less money. She simply wouldn’t hear of taking that much, so I offered to donate some money to her favorite charity and she took me up on it.

After two months with my A&P mechanic and four thousand additional dollars, the little bird was finally back in the air, and the old girl was one sweet handling little machine.

The slight shudder was back, just a mild hiccup, but this time I noticed a thousand rpm drop on the tachometer. I pulled on some carburetor heat just in case the venturi was icing up. In a few seconds, I was gratified to see the rpm’s rising again, so I eased up on the carb heat.

I looked over the nose and there was nothing but tree covered slopes and sheer cliffs for at least ten more miles. Beyond that was the lower valley and in another thirty miles, the dirt strip of the ranch.

I looked out my window and saw one small clearing, probably no more than four hundred feet across. Other than that, it was solid tall pines for miles. The engine shuddered again and just as I was checking the tach, there were two loud bangs and then dead silence. The prop stopped abruptly, and I realized that the engine had just frozen up.

For a moment, I sat stunned. All sorts of emergency procedures crossed my mind, only to be rejected out of hand. The engine was frozen, confirmed by a quick pull on the starter, resulting in loud clicks from the relay, but no movement on the prop. Then I heard the stall warning horn beep once, and my training kicked in. I silently yelled at myself to do first things first and fly the damned airplane! A controlled landing was usually survivable, sometimes even when landing in trees, but a stall-spin resulting from failing to maintain flying airspeed was almost always fatal.

The clearing! I put the nose down and established best glide airspeed. Then I looked anxiously around for my clearing. (The formerly anonymous clearing was now my clearing!) There! Just behind me on the left.

I rolled into a left turn and quickly decided to just use the corner of the clearing as a point to circle and bleed off what little excess altitude I had. From there, I would execute a quick crosswind leg and then turn upwind at what appeared to be the clearing’s widest spot. I flipped off the master switch to prevent fire. No wait! I’ll need flaps! I flipped it back on.

Altitude was traded for airspeed, but with the strong headwind, one turn was all I got. However, that same pesky crosswind might now end up saving my life. If I lined up straight into it on final, it would reduce my ground speed drastically. I put on forty degrees of flaps and flipped off the master switch. Other than the quiet slipstream and my pounding heart, the world fell silent.

I rolled to the right out of my descent circle and flew straight and descending at right angles to the clearing. Just as I was about to sink into the treetops, I rolled right again and pushed the nose down at the narrow clearing, hoping the tail would not make contact with a pine. It didn’t.

Now that I was right on top of it, the clearing wasn’t so clear. I could see knee high rocks, earthen humps, and pine seedlings everywhere. The far side was approaching fast so I lifted the nose to slow her down and went for a full stall landing, hoping to stop before the tree line The airspeed bled off quickly, the main wheels made contact with the ground, and just for a second, I thought we might make it intact.

Then, with a terrific jolt, something took out the main landing gear, and we almost went over on the nose. Then the nose gear folded, and we were sliding on the belly with a large pine appearing dead ahead. I kicked hard left rudder and the nose obediently came around. The right wing slammed into the tree violently, and we started to slew to the right. Then the left wing hit another pine, taking us up on the nose and over, finally coming to an abrupt halt against yet another pine. Then all was still except the ticking of the cooling engine and the sound of fluid dripping somewhere.

I was down…and I was alive.

I was also hanging upside down in a wrecked airplane and there was a strong smell of aviation fuel. I put one hand below me, hooked my knees around the control yoke, and yanked on the seat belt clasp. It wouldn’t release with my suspended weight, so I dug in my pocket for my knife and cut it, dropping myself on what was once the roof of my airplane.

There was no problem getting out because the passenger door was gone. I crawled through it, gained my feet, and turned around. For a long time, I just stood there in disbelief. Both wings were gone as was the tail. The belly was badly ripped up from both losing the landing gear and sliding over rocks. The right wing was standing almost on end and as I watched, the last of the fuel poured through a large opening torn through the wing root. The left wing was almost buried under some bushes and fuel was also slowly ebbing from it.

I began to check myself over. Other than a minor cut on my forehead, I could find no obvious injuries. I knew I’d be stiff and sore later, but I was worried about immediate problems and finding nothing of concern, I bent down and reached back into the cabin, groping for my emergency pack. I found it almost immediately and pulled it out.

My father was a high steel ironworker, and they stayed alive by planning ahead and paying attention to detail, which he carried over into the rest of his life and passed on to me. He and my mother were rock hounds who loved to poke around the Arizona desert, but they never, ever left home without their emergency pack of water, maps, compass, and shelter.

My own pack contained a small tent, a sub-zero sleeping bag, three gallons of water, matches, a compass, and food to last a week. It also contained a .22 survival rifle and ammunition among various other essential items. All were intact.

I also had an ELT (emergency locator transmitter) in the baggage area, and it should have been activated by the impact, but I had little faith in it. Call me dubious, but I had heard the expensive little FAA requirements failed more than they worked, especially if the batteries were dead, and mine were long overdue for replacement.

The problem was, all this had happened so fast that I didn’t have time to make a radio call, so no one knew I was in trouble. Since it was such a short hop, I hadn’t bothered filing a flight plan. My friend at the ranch knew I was coming, but not exactly when, and I wasn’t expected back at work for another week. My cell phone showed no bars-no service. I had to depend on my ELT and its overdue batteries. Somewhere, my father was shaking his head in disgust.

I crawled back into the cockpit and hit the master switch. Silence. No gyros winding up. Nothing. The radio was also dead. But it was worth a try. The battery was probably destroyed.

I set up my tent in the middle of the clearing. It was blaze orange with the letters SOS on the top in white. At least I had thought that far ahead.

I broke out my tiny backpack stove and cleared a cooking area in the tall, dry grass. I might build a signal fire later, but that would be a last resort. The area was dry in the ongoing drought, and a stray spark or ember could spell disaster. I was extremely lucky that the crash itself had not started a blaze.

The current wisdom and that of my father was to stay put. Searchers often found the location of a disaster within days, but far too often, the victims were gone, trying to walk out. And far too often, they didn’t make it.

Twice in the next three days, aircraft flew over, but they were too high and fast to be searching. My food and water were adequate, but I knew that if I was forced to walk out, I would have to make the attempt in one or two more days. I decided that in the morning, I would attempt to drag as much of my shattered aircraft into the clearing as I could manage. As it was, it was very effectively hidden by the canopy of pine branches. That night, I said a little prayer, and zipped myself into my sleeping bag. The night air at eight thousand feet is chilly, even in late spring.


For a moment, I wasn’t sure whether I’d heard a voice or was still asleep.

“Hi mister.”

My tent was small, but the little girl standing in the opening was even smaller. She was staring at me with large brown eyes, and I guess I was staring right back.

“Missy! Come away from there!”

The voice was male and I was now wide awake. I unzipped my bag and crawled out of the tent, scrambling to my feet, just as he swept the little girl into his arms. As he did so, I spotted a gun under his jacket.

We stared at each other. Finally, he spoke.

“Who are you, and how did you get here?”

“My plane crashed.” He looked at me suspiciously. I must have been a sight with three days growth of beard and badly wrinkled clothes worn the same length of time. And I was glad he was upwind. I badly needed a bath

“Then where is it?”

“The Plane? Right over your left shoulder.”

Warily, not wanting to take his eyes off me, he glanced quickly behind him. He got a funny look on his face, and turned to take a longer look. For a moment he seemed to forget my presence as he stared at the wreckage. Finally, he looked back at me.

“You hurt?”

“No, just a little sore.”

“How long you been here?”

“Three days.”

“I’m Pete Lawson. I’m a deputy sheriff. Off duty. How come this wasn’t reported?”

Embarrassed, I explained all my mistakes, and he ruefully shook his head at my stupidity. Behind him, I could see a woman and what looked like a teenage girl approaching. He turned and waited for them, explaining the situation and they too turned to stare at the wreckage.

“So you’ve been right here for the last three days?”

“That’s right. It’s best not to wander away from the wreckage if you want to be spotted.”

He exchanged a quick glance with the woman who I presumed to be his wife, and then they both turned to stared at me.

“What are you folks doing up here?” I asked.

“Oh, we just came up for the weekend. You never looked around at all?”

“No, I stayed put. Why?”

He grinned.

“Because our cabin is right over that knoll, maybe fifty yards away. Would you like to go take a shower?”


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      3 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thank you, Robert!

    • Robert Sacchi profile image

      Robert Sacchi 

      3 years ago

      Good story, good survival tips. Sometimes the correct move isn't the right move.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi, pretty vocalcoach lady, and thank you!

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 

      7 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      What a story - you had me on the edge of my seat! Great!

      There is no end to your talent, Will. I loved the ending. Made me laugh. Fantastic - like you! Rated up and awesome...again, like you! vocalcoach

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thank you Storytellersrus!

      I missed your comment. My apologies.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thank you very much Poohgranma!

    • Poohgranma profile image


      7 years ago from On the edge

      You had me from "There it was again" - I was on the edge of my office chair the whole time - very convincing. You sure can tell a story!

    • Storytellersrus profile image


      7 years ago from Stepping past clutter

      Oh man! It wasn't true??? I was certain it was. Though three days surviving without much in the way of food and water might have dominated your memories and you said little about that. I figured it was because you were focusing on the crash. Nice job!

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks Ghost-man!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Not bad at all...and I can understand anybody including 3 gallons as part of his emergency pack might want to sit tight. That much sky juice on the outside instead of the inside could wear a guy down in 20, 30 miles of hiking.

      But I couldn't do it. Never have been able to (as long as I could physically move), never will be. Don't trust anybody to be showing up to snag me out of my own messes, is all, and to blazes with the "rules" of the game. Did get plumb turned around, hunting alone in the Montana mountains, when night caught me once at age 14.

      When I finally figured that much out for sure, left the deer carcass (I'd dropped the critter just at dusk) in a snowbank, stuck two sticks in the snow to show my way of going, and plunged downhill with nothing left but that one last cartridge you always want to hang onto "just in case".

      Came out one full canyon to the west of where I'd meant to be, doubled back across the foothills, up the proper route, retrieved the pickup I'd parked to go stalking, and headed on home. About five miles and 3 hours late.

      Next day, my sis and I saddled up, headed out, found the deer...with my sticks pointing dead away from where I'd thought I was going.

      All that was a portion of pastry compared with the one flight lesson I took down at Brown Field in San Diego in the late 80s. Found out I had a talent, all right...but turned green just WAY too easy, without even that much in the way of turbulence.

      Now, gotta go check out your miniseries....:)

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi Alexander Mark

      It's pilot lingo...CAVU is Clear and Visibility Unlimited.

      Thank you!

    • Alexander Mark profile image

      Alexander Silvius 

      7 years ago from Portland, Oregon

      Doggone it you got me, it sounded so authentic. I should have known it was fiction by random statements like

      "automatic rough" and "CAVU" but especially "but I had heard the expensive little FAA requirements failed more than they worked."

      But because I am not a pilot but a lowly fueler (for 8 slow years), I have to be gullible and ask, are these all true?

      Anyway, great story, kept me captivated, and you had me worrying over that old lady and what she would think if she found out you crashed her husband's old plane! You reeled us in nice and easy and then put us in a bucket with water to keep us fresh. I'm definitely a fan now.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      The comment I've been waiting for!

      Thanks Dusty. Unlike you and Wayne, I never flew with people shooting at me. I would have required new upholstery each time!

    • 50 Caliber profile image

      50 Caliber 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      Will, great story and added traction of knowledge, it worked well for you making this feel so real. You probably already know the ov1- bird dog was the Cessna 150 fitted with a wooden prop at a pitch that allowed low noise and low air speed while acting as forward observers calling in artillery fire in Vietnam. My first experience with them was at Kearny, AZ, with a friend who made 3 flights a day to report weather conditions to news net works. I used to go up with him, they had a 170 as well but the 150 was a kick as it was stout enough to do loops and straight up stalls and then falling spins and recover. I learned to fly and got my license in that 150 but never did the trick flying that the owner did, it ended up killing him above an airfield in northern California in the early 80s, the same 150, it lost a wing to FAA claimed "fatigue" which I could confirm if asked as he'd been doing stunts in it for 20 years that I knew of. He flew it like it was a Citabria(sp?) as long as I knew him. I went plane looking and found a 150, a Piper Cub and a 46 Navy ErCoupe, that I bought over the rest. The spin proof design still had the performance of a 150, you just couldn't spin it and with the low wing mount you couldn't tip a wing to the wind, you had to crab it and let it straighten up after touching down, 'cuz fighting the crab you could pull a ground loop, that would ruin your day,

      Great hub voted up, 50

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks Suzie!

      Good to see you.

    • suziecat7 profile image


      7 years ago from Asheville, NC

      This was a very suspenseful story. Once again you show your immense talent at crafting a short story. Great writing.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks Peg. I see you've been airborne a time or two yourself!

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 

      7 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      Will, Your story is captivating and an enjoyable read. You have a folksy way with words to make real danger appear less perilous. I was caught up in the details expecting some new danger to enter (like a bear or coyote) when your character was found. Good writing!

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thank you Kindacrazy!

    • Kindacrazy profile image


      7 years ago from Tennessee

      Great story! Keep hubbing!!

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks Martie.

      It's a thought!

    • MartieCoetser profile image

      Martie Coetser 

      7 years ago from South Africa

      What an enjoyable read this was! Excellent writing! Interesting background, suspense and tension perfectly tuned! I am truly in awe of your talent, WillStarr. See you again soon. PS.: This could easily be the first chapter of a novelette.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks N.E.

      It's a western short story, which may not be your genre, but stay with it. I think you'll like it.

    • N.E. Wright profile image

      N.E. Wright 

      7 years ago from Bronx, NY

      "Hired On"? I will check it out.


      Take Care,


    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi resspenser!

      Thanks for reading me.

    • resspenser profile image

      Ronnie Sowell 

      7 years ago from South Carolina

      Like everyone else, I was sure this was true. Excellent!!

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi Granny

      There are other pilots like Wayne Brown and .50 Caliber out there, but we mostly like to fly under the radar. I usually write western fiction, but I also like to write a flying yarn now and then, and an occasional science fiction. Glad you enjoyed it.

    • Granny's House profile image

      Granny's House 

      7 years ago from Older and Hopefully Wiser Time

      Hey Will, that was great. You had me fooled. I thought it was real. I was going to tell you I have never known a pilot. LOL

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks b. Malin

      I try to write what I cuts down on research.

    • b. Malin profile image

      b. Malin 

      7 years ago

      That was good read, very rich in certainly did your research. Good ending, nothing the reader couldn't relate to...and feel a little foolish, but happy to be alive!

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi N.E. Wright

      You might want to read 'Hired On'. It sort of fits in to some of your own stuff.

      Hi aguasilver

      Thanks again!

    • aguasilver profile image

      John Harper 

      7 years ago from Malaga, Spain

      Once more excellent, thanks.

    • N.E. Wright profile image

      N.E. Wright 

      7 years ago from Bronx, NY

      Will, this is good. I love it.

      You just have a lot of life experience to put into this great fictional story. Again, I love it.

      Is there more? LOL. I want to learn more.

      Take Care,


    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks jiberish

      Your son is one of the chosen.

    • jiberish profile image


      7 years ago from florida

      I love it! It's a great story! My son is a flight trainer, he also fly's a Cessna...I e-mail this story to him, he'll get a kick out of it.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi Wayne,

      From pilot to pilot and as all airmen know, flying is hours and hours of tedious boredom occasionally interrupted by moments of sheer terror.

      Thanks buddy!

    • Wayne Brown profile image

      Wayne Brown 

      7 years ago from Texas

      This one is a great little tale Will...loved the flying part and the excitment that broke the boredom! WB

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi Rosie!

      I confess to all those vices and a few to which I have yet to admit.

      And I love you back!

    • Rosie2010 profile image

      Rosie Rose 

      7 years ago from Toronto, Canada

      Hiya Will, as I was reading I was wondering how you knew all those things about flying and planes.. so aside from being an awesome writer, you are also a pilot? I think I'm in love. You are awesome! Definitely kept me in suspense from beginning to end. I could even feel how you feel by the way you describe what was going on. And the usual spice at the end is definitely priceless. Thumbs up and awesome! Definitely awesome!

      Have a nice day,


    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Hi Mike and thanks for the comments.

      I've read so much about the old west and seen so many old tintypes that sometimes I feel like maybe I was there!

      I also confess to the sin of being a pilot, although I haven't kicked any rudder in a long time.

    • profile image

      Old Poolman 

      7 years ago

      Will, I wasn't at all sure it was fiction until I read that in the comments. This was one heck of a story, and like with your westerns, you have the language down pat. I just learned that you actually are a pilot, so that explains that, but I am reasonably sure you never lived in the "old west" days. You are one heck of a story writer and I am glad to have met you.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      No, it's pure fiction (except for the parts about Dad! He was a stickler for being prepared!)

    • breakfastpop profile image


      7 years ago

      Fabulous story. I have to ask. Is it true because it sure seems that way? Voted up and awesome.

    • WillStarr profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Thanks dahoglund.

      Glad you liked it.

    • dahoglund profile image

      Don A. Hoglund 

      7 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

      Very suspenseful narrative. Great story.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)