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Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

Updated on August 30, 2012
Drawings by Kafka
Drawings by Kafka

Franz Kafka was born in Prague on July 3, 1883, that during the entire 40-year life of the writer belonged to the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.

Son of a wealthy Jewish merchant, Kafka grew up under the influence of three cultures: Jewish, Czech and German.

A law degree, he took part, along with other writers of the time, the so-called Prague School. This movement was basically a way of artistic creation grounded into a major attraction for realism, metaphysics and an inclination to a rational synthesis of a lucidity and a strong streak ironic.

This hybrid of irony and lucidity appears in most texts of Kafka.

His works can formalize and totally related to host reads the condition of modern man. His look is directed to things like the oppression of bureaucratic institutions, "justice" and the fragility of the common man in the face of everyday problems.

Kafka's first book was "Consideration", published in 1913.

Next year of this publication, Kafka suffered a major emotional crisis.

Some scholars argue that this crisis was caused because of his engagement, others argue that the Czech author would have been emotionally shaken by the start of World War II occurred in the same year.

The most famous works of Kafka were written between 1913 and 1921, they are: "The Metamorphosis" , "The Trial" , "Castle" , "The Stoker" , "The Sentence" and "The Hunger Artist" .

In 1920, Kafka left his job at an insurance company for health reasons. Had contracted tuberculosis. In the years 1920 and 1921, Kafka was related to the Czech writer Milena Jesenká-Pollak. However his great love (Dora Dyamant) was only known to the end of his life.

The stories created by this Czech Jew who wrote in German gave voice to the individual who walks the streets of contemporary cities. The character Gregor Samsa in Metamorphosis reproduces the feeling of the man who turned the small insect of modern cities, which die by the millions in the fields of war. No author represented so striking modernity. According to literary critic George Steiner, becomes the representative structure and the centrality of his most remarkable feat.

To read Kafka we need some special attention, among them, having a certain focus on the way that all work is built, especially their periods, always be aware that all of Kafka's literary creation was painful, made with the intention of not looking nice, to be primarily a work based on the pain, pay attention to every detail of the text, as in Kafka, even the imperfections are deliberate.

During his lifetime, Kafka never managed to achieve great fame with his books, however, some time after his death on June 3, 1924, in a sanatorium near Vienna, where he was hospitalized because of his tuberculosis, his work reach enormous influence on people, going to be worshiped by readers from all over the globe.

The Metamorphosis
The Metamorphosis

Kafka's masterpiece


The Metamorphosis

This is a novel about a man who finds himself transformed into a huge insect, and the effects of this change upon his life. This is a fantastic horror story about a hapless man who turns into an insect, becomes an object of disgrace to his family, an outsider in his own home.

When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin.

Life continues around him and he struggles to find a place in the world, to break free from the oppressive "realities" of family and society and his own perceived reality and isolation.

A harrowing (yet comic) meditation on human feelings of inadequacy, guilt, and isolation, "The Metamorphosis" has taken its place as one of the most widely read and influential works of twentieth-century fiction.

Kafka's The Metamorphosis

This is a live action with black and white film style, with an amazing performance and a stunning technique, that really captured the feeling from the book - wonderful and terrifying.

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