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Grammar; a super quick overview

Updated on June 3, 2011

What is grammar?

Grammar can be defined as the rules or structure that a language follows.

Many students I have talked to have expressed some confusion over their understanding of the parts of speech and what makes a good paper. Grammar can be one of the more challenging aspects of writing a paper, but it is one aspect that is often most visible if done wrong.

Here I have a list of the basic parts of speech and grammar that all English speakers must know. It is a basic list that all basic writing classes cover and can be a very useful reminder for writers in higher level classes as well as beginners.

What is a sentence?

A sentence is a grammatically correct group of words that contains one or more independent clauses.

What is a clause?

A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb.

What is a subject and predicate?

The subject is the noun of the sentence and the predicate is the part of the clause that contains the action/verb.

What is a phrase, noun phrase, and verb phrase?

A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject or predicate. A noun phrase is a phrase with a noun. A verb phrase is a phrase with a verb.

Here is a list of definitions of the parts of speech.

1. A noun is a person place or thing.

2. A pronoun takes the place of a noun.

3. A verb is an action or existence.

4. An adjective modifies or describes a noun.

5. An adverb modifies an adverb, verb and adjective.

6. A conjunction is a linking word such as and.

7. An interjection shows emotion or excitement.

8. Preposition is the part of speech that shows a relationship.

9. An article is a determiner(noun modifier) like the, or a.

If you found this at all helpful please comment!

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      Sheikh 5 years ago

      A good overview. Thank you.

    • yosrachajri profile image

      yosrachajri 4 years ago

      thanks it so useful

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