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i.e. vs. e.g.: Grammar Guide
The term e.g. means "exempli gratia" in Latin or "for example" in English. Simply replace "e.g." with "for example" to check your usage. Remember, your list of examples is not presumed complete.
- I love to read a variety of genres, e.g., historical non-fiction, mystery and poetry.
- She is the captain of many clubs, (e.g., chess, leadership and newspaper are among her favorites.) If you choose, parenthesis can be used like in the above example.
The term i.e. means "id est" in Latin or "that is" in English. A trick that I use: If you can replace "i.e." with "in other words" then you are using it correctly. "I.e." is used to specify what you are trying to convey.
- We will have caramel corn, roasted pumpkin seeds, witches' brew and ghost cookies on this spooky night, i.e., Halloween.
- The greatest basketball team of all-time, i.e., the 1987 Los Angeles Lakers, started Magic Johnson, James Worthy, Byron Scott, Kareem Abdul-Jabar and A.C. Green.
- Use a period after each letter because they are abbreviations.
- Use a comma after the abbreviations.
- Use a comma before the abbreviations unless it's the beginning of a sentence
- You may begin a sentence with "i.e." and "e.g.". (You still need to use a comma after the abbreviation.)
- You may use "i.e." and "e.g." in parenthesis. (You still need to use a comma after the abbreviation.)
- You may use "i.e." and "e.g." within a sentence without parenthesis. Remember to precede and follow with a comma.