ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Historical Background of Stenography

Updated on February 6, 2010

Historical Background of Stenography

Introduction

Shorthand is the art of writing rapidly and legibly by means of lines, circles, and symbols in place of conventional letters and words. John Robert Gregg invented the shorthand system in May 28,1888. Since the publication of Gregg Shorthand in 1888, the system has been learned and used by millions of writers. The flexibility of the system, which enables the writer to use it with equal effectiveness for personal, stenographic, and reporting purposes, has made Gregg Shorthand the most widely used system in the world. The successful use of Gregg Shorthand not only in English but also in the many foreign languages to which it has been adapted is striking evidence of the genius of the inventor, John Robert Gregg, in devising the most efficient shorthand alphabet in more than 2,000 years of shorthand history. Stenography is defined as the science of taking dictation and transcribing into readable script. The functional method of teaching Gregg Shorthand was announced in 1934, and a special manual of the system employing the method was published in 1936. The functional method type of presentation, fundamentally a language art of teaching, allows much scope for the ingenuity of individual teacher within the framework of language arts teaching.

In 1949, the ultimate goal of the shorthand course — accuracy and rapid transcription — were made possible. Teachers who have enjoyed shorthand find teaching an even greater pleasure. Many teachers have shared many valuable and practical suggestions designed to make the teaching and learning of Gregg Shorthand even more effective. These suggestions have led to new features that should do much to create and maintain the student's interest and to prepare him even more thoroughly for dictation and transcription and these features include transcription emphasis, applied vocabulary studies, pre-transcription quizzes, assistance with homework, and class participation such as talks with the student, shorthand reading material in assignments, checklists, reading score­boards, theory presented in small segments, key to word lists, recall charts, and practice material improvements.

Difference Between Longhand and Shorthand

LONGHAND are words that we write in our daily lives. They are what we transcribe in shorthand.  Shorthand is based on longhand. Anyone who has learned to read and write longhand can learn to read and write shorthand; it is as simple as that. Strokes you will write in shorthand are those that you are accustomed to writing in longhand. In fact, many of the strokes in shorthand alphabet are derived directly from the longhand forms.

In many ways, shorthand is easier to learn than longhand. In shorthand, you will have to learn only one way to represent a letter; in longhand, you had to learn many different ways to represent each letter.

Principles of Writing Shorthand

In the English language, many words contain letters that are not pro­nounced. In shorthand, these silent letters are omitted, only the sounds that are actually pronounced in a word are written. All shorthand characters are based on sound, therefore, only those sounded letters are represented with shorthand characters. Shorthand characters are written in the order in which they are sounded. Thus, stenography or shorthand is a process by which words are written in symbols according to the way they are sounded or pronounced.

Importance of Speed Writing for Personal and Business Advantage

SPEED WRITING or Shorthand helps one to obtain an interesting and profitable position in business. It enables a person to qualify for office employ­ment in court, government offices, and even in research work. With speed writing, you will have a personal tool that will be of value to you throughout your life. For classroom activities, the students can use shorthand as a valuable aid in taking down notes, lectures, and news reports.

Shorthand saves time and effort not only on the job or in school, but also in everyday writing by using your shorthand as a substitute for slow and much more cumbersome longhand. Many great men have used the shorthand for personal purposes, too.

 

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      29jules0405 

      7 years ago

      this is so amazing!!

      ..

      it helped me and our whole group on our project!!

      ..

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)