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Latex Footnotes

Updated on February 9, 2011

Footnotes can be produced in one of two ways. They can be produced with one command, the '\footnote' command, which places the numbered footnote text at the bottom of the current page. They can also be produced with two commands, the '\footnotemark' which puts the footnote number in the text, and the `\footnotetext' commands which produces the text to be placed at the bottom of the page.

  • \footnote Insert a footnote.
  • \footnotemark Insert footnote mark only.
  • \footnotetext Insert footnote text only.

\footnotemark command can be used in inner paragraph mode.

\footnotetext command must appear in outer paragraph mode.

Footnote can be inserted and places an autonumbered number in superscript before the text of the footnote. But sometimes footnote numbers become too large, and you would like to reset the number every page, one of three solutions is the perpage package, that provides a general mechanism for resetting counters per page. Put the command \usepackage{perpage} and \MakePerPage{footnote}into your document preamble, immediately after the \documentclass line and before the \begin{document} line.


\usepackage{perpage} %the perpage package

\MakePerPage{footnote} %the perpage package command


The interface is pretty simple: \MakePerPage{footnote} will do the job. If you want to restart the counter at something other than 1 (for example to avoid something in the LaTeX footnote symbol list), you can use: \MakePerPage[2]{footnote}. It’s a first-rate package, small and efficient.

Unnumbered Footnotes and Symbol in Footnotes

This article may help if you want an unnumbered footnotes and symbols footnotes, the later means you may wish to use symbols such as star, digger, double digger, etc.


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      Arash Ahmadfard 6 years ago

      Thank you very much. This tutorial says footnote package is useless.