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List Of The Philippine Presidents (Part I- The First Five)

Updated on August 15, 2013
Philippines' Presidents
Philippines' Presidents
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo

1. Emilio Aguinaldo

Complete name: Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (22 March 1869 – 6 February 1964)

Parents: Carlos Aguinaldo and Trinidad Famy

Birth Place: Cavite


He was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader, the First President of the Philippines, the President of the First Republic, the President of the Supreme Government, President of Republic of Biak-na-Bato, Dictator of Dictatorial Government, President of the Revolutionary Government, the youngest president at the age of 28, the longest lived former president at the age of 94, and the president to have outlived the most number of successors.

He had instrumental role in the two events:The Philippines' revolution against Spain, and War of Philippine Independence that resisted American occupation.

Previous Positions Before Becoming A President: Cabeza de Barangay of Binakayan, a chief barrio of Cavite del Viejo at the age of 17 years old and a Cavite Viejo's first capitan municipal at the age of 26.

2. Manuel L. Quezon

Complete Name: Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944)

Parents: Lucio Quezón and María Dolores Molina

Birth Place: Baler, Aurora


He was the First President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944, the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines, the Second President of the Philippines after Emilio Aguinaldo, the First Senate President elected to the presidency, the First President elected through a National Election, the First incumbent to secure re-election, and the "Father of the National Language".

3. Jose P. Laurel

Complete Name: José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 – November 6, 1959)

Parents: Sotero Laurel, Sr. and Jacoba García

Birth Place: Tanauan, Batangas


He was the First President of the Republic of the Philippines (2nd Republic), the 3rd President of the Philippines, a Japanese-sponsored administration during World War II, from 1943 to 1945, a legitimate President of the Philippines.

4. Sergio Osmeña

Complete Name: Sergio Osmeña y Suico (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961)

Parents: Chinese tycoon Don Pedro Lee Gotiaocoand Juana Osmeña y Suico

Birth Place: Cebu


He is better known as Sergio Osmeña, Sr.. A Chinese Filipino politician, the 4th President of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946, the Second President of the Commonwealth, the oldest Philippine President to hold office at the age of 65, a Founder of Nacionalista Party, and the First Visayan to become President of the Philippines.

5. Manuel Roxas

Complete Name: Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948)

Parents: Gerardo Roxas, Sr. and Rosario Acuña

Birth Place: Capiz


He was the First President of the Independent Third Republic of the Philippines, 5th President of the Philippines, 3rd and last President of the Commonwealth, and the third shortest in-service as President that lasted 1 year, 10 months and 18 days.


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    • bujoy83 profile image

      Robelyn Yambao 3 years ago from Philippines


      Mabuhay ka!

    • profile image

      #kjeark 3 years ago

      im enjoying being filipino person.

    • bujoy83 profile image

      Robelyn Yambao 4 years ago from Philippines

      Thanks for dropping by vkwok

    • vkwok profile image

      Victor W. Kwok 4 years ago from Hawaii

      A nice look into the history of another country.

    • bujoy83 profile image

      Robelyn Yambao 4 years ago from Philippines

      Thanks for your comment. Our president who was the son of the wealthy chinese nationals was Sergio Osmeña but the identity of his father had been a closely guarded family secret. Although carrying the stigma of being an illegitimate child – his mother never married his father – he didn't allow this aspect to affect his standing in society. The Osmeña family, a rich and prominent clan of Chinese Filipino heritage with vast business interests in Cebu, warmed to him as he established himself as a prominent figure in local society. Osmeña became president of the Commonwealth on Quezon's death in 1944. He returned to the Philippines the same year with General Douglas MacArthur and the liberation forces. After the war, Osmeña restored the Commonwealth government and the various executive departments. He continued the fight for Philippine independence. Osmeña accompanied U.S. General Douglas MacArthur during the landing of U.S. forces in Leyte on 20 October 1944, starting the liberation of the Philippines during the Second World War was both the combined Filipino and American soldiers including the recognized guerrilla units was fought to the Japanese Imperial forces. Upon establishing the beachhead, MacArthur immediately transferred authority to Osmeña, the successor of Manuel Quezon, as Philippine Commonwealth president. With Manila liberated,General of the Army, Douglas MacArthur, on behalf of the United States, turned over the reins of government of the Philippines to Commonwealth President, Sergio Osmeña, on February 27, 1945, amidst brief, but impressive, ceremonies held at the Malacañan Palace. President Osmeña, after thanking the United States through General MacArthur, announced the restoration of the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and work out the salvation of the Philippines from the ravages of war. For the presidential election of 1946, Osmeña refused to campaign, saying that the Filipino people knew of his record of 40 years of honest and faithful service. He lost to Manuel Roxas, who won 54 percent of the vote and became president of the independent Republic of the Philippines.

    • kryptowrite profile image

      Rodney C Lawley 4 years ago from Southeastern United States

      I enjoyed this article also, but I would like to see your explanation of the various titles explained within the article itself. The President that was the son of wealthy Chinese Nationals is particularly interesting to me. I wonder if he was a "Puppet" also, or just another rich man manipulating an economy for his family's profit? Regardless, thanks for sharing the information with us. I look forward to more.

    • bujoy83 profile image

      Robelyn Yambao 4 years ago from Philippines

      Thanks for your interest in our history. I wrote this hub to help the students here in the Philippines with their homework about the Presidents so I just summarized it for them. Regarding to your questions about Philippine history, the King of Spain was the head of state during the Spanish era (1565–1898) and the President of the United States was the head of state during the American era (1898–1946). The presidents under the Commonwealth of the Philippines were under United States sovereignty, and that the president of the Second Republic is considered to have been running a puppet government of the Japanese during World War II although this puppet government of President José P. Laurel during the Japanese occupation was officially considered independent by the Japanese. Thus the Philippines had three Presidents during that war - one de facto ("in practice but not necessarily ordained by law" or "in practice or actuality, but not officially established") and two de jure, and two at the same time. Then, Aguinaldo was president of the short-lived Malolos Republic between 1899 and 1901. Although the republic never received foreign recognition, Filipinos consider Aguinaldo to be their first president.

    • FitnezzJim profile image

      FitnezzJim 4 years ago from Fredericksburg, Virginia

      Interesting, and a bit confusing. One of my best friends is from the Philippines, but somehow I never caught on about the different Presidency labels. Why is it that the presidential titles are separated by Commonwealth, Indpendent Third Republic, and Philippines. Was the early history fractured in some way? Or is it an indication of smaller sovereign entities evolving to a larger sovereign nation? Is this similar to our own (United States) early history, where each individual State was a sovereign entity?

    • bujoy83 profile image

      Robelyn Yambao 4 years ago from Philippines

      Thanks cheers!

    • jabelufiroz profile image

      Firoz 4 years ago from India

      Impressive hub of The Philippine Presidents.