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Loneliness Matters: A Brenda Chamberlain Story and a Poem

Updated on June 2, 2018
AliciaC profile image

Linda Crampton is a teacher who enjoys reading and creative writing. Her favourite genres are classic literature, fantasy, myth, and poetry.

Ready to write
Ready to write | Source

The Problem of Loneliness

News reports today talk of an epidemic of loneliness or a loneliness crisis. Even allowing for some exaggeration, it certainly seems that the number of lonely people is increasing. There are multiple ideas about why the problem appears to be getting worse. Whatever the reason, some people need help.

The inspiration from this article came from two sources: my interest in loneliness and a writing challenge issued by another writer. As part of the writing challenge, participants had to pick a sentence from a book or other printed publication of their choice. The writer was then required to create a story or poem based on the sentence according to prescribed rules.

I chose my sentence from a memorable tale called "The Return", which is part of a book of short stories that I own. The story was written by Brenda Chamberlain, a twentieth-century writer and artist from Wales. Both her tale and her life inspired me to think about loneliness and the problems that it causes and to use the topic as the theme of my poem.

A picture can act as a writing prompt. Why or what is the angel writing in the book?
A picture can act as a writing prompt. Why or what is the angel writing in the book? | Source

A writing prompt is anything that stimulates new ideas for writing topics. It may consist of words, a picture, an object, a scene, or an experience. Attempting to create a piece of writing from a prompt is a type of writing challenge. A writing challenge can stimulate the creation of new work, as it did for me.

Brenda Chamberlain: A Brief Biography

Brenda Chamberlain was a Welsh artist and writer who lived from 1912 until 1971. She was born in the city of Bangor in Wales and trained as an artist at the Royal Academy Schools in London.

While in London, Chamberlain met John Petts, an artist and a craftsman. The pair married in 1935 and returned to Wales in 1936. Here they established the Caseg Press, which published greeting cards, postcards, and bookplates.

During the second world war, Petts became an ambulance attendant in Europe and the Middle East. Chamberlain remained in Wales and temporarily became a poet instead of an artist. She published the Caseg Broadsheets with Alun Lewis. These contained poems by Chamberlain, Lewis, Dylan Thomas, and Lynette Roberts.

Chamberlain and Petts divorced in 1946. After her divorce, Chamberlain continued her writing and also returned to art, for which she won awards. In her later years she suffered from bouts of loneliness and depression. Sadly, her psychological state eventually led to her death.

Some lonely people have an intense desire for connection. Even without physical contact, a smile or a greeting can help a lonely person.
Some lonely people have an intense desire for connection. Even without physical contact, a smile or a greeting can help a lonely person. | Source

Loneliness and Being Alone

Loneliness and being alone are not always the same thing. Severe loneliness can lead to depression. Researchers have discovered that loneliness is bad for physical as well as mental health. Investigations suggest that chronic loneliness disrupts sleep and increases the risk of some diseases, including cardiovascular problems.

Being alone doesn't necessarily mean that a person is lonely. Some people are content in solitude. Some creative people deliberately seek solitude in order to concentrate on their work. Others simply enjoy being in the company of their own thoughts and are happy with their solo discoveries and endeavors. For some people, though, the desire for connection with other human beings is strong and unfulfilled. This desire may emerge only at certain times in life or may be persistent.

It's often believed that elderly people have the greatest risk of becoming lonely as their friends and relatives die and their mobility decreases (it in fact it does). While older people can become lonely, researchers have discovered that loneliness can be a problem for people of any age, including children and teenagers.

Just because someone is alone doesn't mean that they are lonely. Another point to consider is that sometimes a person surrounded by other people feels lonely.
Just because someone is alone doesn't mean that they are lonely. Another point to consider is that sometimes a person surrounded by other people feels lonely. | Source

Why Is Loneliness Increasing?

The cause of increasing loneliness appears to be multifactorial. Most theories for the increase are linked to our modern lifestyle. One contribution to the problem may be the increasing digitalization of many societies.

Automated supermarket check-outs and ticket purchases and self-service devices and institutions are gradually removing opportunities for people to make even brief connections with others. Though digitalization and mechanization may sound like minor problems in relation to loneliness, for some people they can be major ones. A conversation with someone such as a cashier or a food server can be important for reducing social isolation.

The evidence for the relationship between social media and loneliness is mixed. There is some evidence that online communication with someone that we know in person is helpful for creating a feeling of being connected. Communication with strangers or people that we know only from their social media account may not be so helpful.

An NHS Representative Discusses Social Isolation

I've explored the topic of loneliness, but I'm not a mental health professional. Anyone who is experiencing chronic or serious loneliness should seek help from a qualified person. Self-help after reading suggestions from professionals may be successful. If personal counselling or therapy is necessary, however, it's important to get it.

Possible Ways to Overcome Loneliness

Many people are lonely at times. A person who is frequently or chronically lonely may need help. Loneliness can be caused by a variety of factors, including knowing or having access to only a few people, having superficial or unsatisfactory connections with people, or feeling uncomfortable during social interaction. Solutions for loneliness therefore vary.

A lonely person may need to contact an organization, a counsellor, a relative, or a trusted friend for help. Joining a group or class that explores a topic of interest or helping people or animals in need by doing volunteer work may reduce the feeling of loneliness. Walking into an area containing people and exchanging a greeting, a comment, or even a smile with someone else may be helpful for people who find social interaction difficult. Determination and repeated practice may be needed, especially if some of the attempts to interact are unsuccessful, but the end result could be very worthwhile.

Taking steps to reduce social isolation can be important for solving a loneliness problem, but it may not be a complete solution for some people. Improving a negative attitude about being alone could also be important.

Keeping a pet is often recommended as a tactic to relieve loneliness. While a pet can be wonderful company, a person should think about the pet's wellbeing as well as their own before they bring it into the home. Pets require suitable care to keep them healthy and happy.

Doing research to discover how other people have dealt with loneliness may be helpful. Specific people and written material can be inspirational. I find the quote below inspiring, since nature is an important part of my life.

Here I sit between my brother the mountain and my sister the sea. We three are one in loneliness, and the love that binds us together is deep and strong and strange.

— Kahlil Gibran
An ocean view
An ocean view | Source

Some people may feel lonely in the situation shown above. Others may feel relaxed and content while contemplating the sky and the ocean.

The Return: A Short Story by Brenda Chamberlain

As a writer, Brenda Chamberlain is known primarily as a poet, although she also wrote novels. She wrote at least one short story as well, which I have in my copy of "The Penguin Book of Welsh Short Stories".

"The Return" is a moving tale of a woman named Bridget who is in love with a dying man. He lives on an island separated from a mainland village by a dangerous sea channel. The man is married to someone else, but the couple are separated. Nevertheless, Bridget faces disapproval from the villagers for her relationship with the man.

After a short time away, Bridget travels alone from the village to the island in a heavy fog. At the start of the trip she learns that the wife of the man she loves is planning to visit the island in the near future.

During the difficult boat voyage Bridget becomes surrounded by fog and is forced to lay anchor overnight. As she sits in the boat, she thinks about her life and her love. The quoted sentence shown below describes Bridget's experience as she awakens from a dream during her night at sea.

Bardsey Island: The Temporary Home of Brenda Chamberlain

The long and thin projection in the map above, the Snowdonia National Park, and the island of Anglesey are all located in the county of Gwynedd in northwest Wales. Bardsey Island is the tiny speck next to the tip of the long projection. The island may have partly prompted Brenda Chamberlain in her writing of the story called "The Return".

Bardsey Island in Wales

Brenda Chamberlain lived on Bardsey Island for fifteen years. The island is located off the coast of northwest Wales in the county of Gwynedd and is known as Ynys Enlli in Welsh. The Welsh name means "Island in the Currents". Dangerous rip tides surround Ynys Enlli. To me, the island sounds very much like the one described in "The Return".

Bardsey Island in only one and a half miles long and a maximum of only one mile wide. Historically, it was an important religious centre. In the Middle Ages, Christian pilgrims travelled to the island. Today the island is a nature reserve. It's known for its interesting wildlife, including dolphins, porpoises, grey seals, and birds. Remains of gravestones from the tenth or eleventh century can be seen on the island as well as the remains of a thirteenth-century abbey.

Video of Bardsey Island: Waves, Wind, and Animals

A Writing Challenge and a Poem

Participants in the writing challenge which triggered the creation of the poem shown below were asked to choose a sentence from a magazine, newspaper, or book. We were then asked to write a poem, starting each line with a word in the chosen sentence and using the words sequentially. As an alternative, we were allowed to base our composition on the sentence in any way that we wanted.

I've used all the words in my chosen sentence in my poem, but the words aren't used sequentially and they appear anywhere in a line instead of always at the start. The poem describes a woman's escape from loneliness and depression and her fear that the companionship and happiness that she is currently experiencing are only temporary.

Loneliness and the light
Loneliness and the light | Source

Out of dream, she swam into consciousness, painfully leaving the dark figures of fantasy.

— Brenda Chamberlain in "The Return"

Loneliness Lies Sleeping

Loneliness lay sleeping

and depression curled within;

dark figures of the night

asleep in strange repose


She crawled away from darkness

for fear of waking pain,

and heard the distant call

of friendliness and care


She swam towards the light

through consciousness and hope

and touched the ancient dream

in wonder and delight


She stood amidst the love

and tendrils of concern,

and welcomed happiness,

a fantasy no more


Amidst the tears of joy

at leaving grief behind

an icy shiver ran;

remembrance of the past


The road led into life

and out of cold despair

She took the path revealed

to find community


Yet still they slept within

quiescent but alive

sending chilling dreams

of being painfully reclaimed

References

Information about Brenda Chamberlain from the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation)

Bardsey Island facts from Visit Snowdonia

A discussion about the loneliness epidemic from the BBC

information about overcoming loneliness from Medical News Today

Digitalization and loneliness from The Conversation

Relationship between social media and feeling lonely from Psychology Today

© 2015 Linda Crampton

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    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      13 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Emilea. It's nice to meet you!

    • Emilea Andrews profile image

      Emilea Andrews 

      13 months ago from UK

      great poem! i like how you weave words and still maintain the emotion of your writing

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      14 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you so much, Chitrangada Sharan. Using a writing prompt to generate ideas can be great fun. I always enjoy the process.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      14 months ago from New Delhi, India

      This is an engaging and wholesome hub!

      I agree with your views and explanation of writing prompts. They stimulate the creative side of the writer and I have enjoyed responding to them.

      You have brilliantly combined so many aspects of writing in this hub, each one beautiful.

      Thanks for sharing!

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      22 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you once again for such an interesting and kind comment, Manatita. The thought of one humanity united in love is truly beautiful, especially at this difficult time in our history. I'll explore Sri Chinmoy's ideas in more detail. Blessings to you.

      .

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 

      22 months ago from london

      Thanks Alicia.

      I now understand what you mean. I only have great things to say about you. I can feel your Spirit. Someone I know, in fact a disciple brother of mines, sent me this today:

      Dear Brothers and Sisters,

      Now more than ever, our world need us to jump into the manifestation-world with utmost self-giving and eagerness.

      Regardless of your political belief or nationality or race, we are one humanity – and, truth to tell, all around us we are seeing much frightful division.

      Let it be us, The Supreme's sons and daughters, who will courageously offer His message of loving oneness. In each and every daily interaction and in and through all our divine manifestation projects, may God's own kindness and goodness radiate brightly.

      “When I love the world

      With my Master’s breath

       Inside my love,

      I conquer the heart

      Of each and every human being

       On earth.”

      Sri Chinmoy, Seventy-Seven Thousand Service-Trees, Part 35, Agni Press, 2004, #34898

      I believe that you strive to live this beautiful philosophy. Higher blessings!

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      22 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Shyron. I appreciate your visit and comment. Thank you very much for the link, too. Blessings to you as well.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      22 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for such a kind and interesting comment, Manatita. I appreciate it a great deal.

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      22 months ago from Texas

      Alicia, thank you for the story Wales, the Island and introducing us to Brenda Chamberlain, I thought I was linked to al of John's participants in his writing challenge, now I have to make sure I have a link to yours.

      Beautiful poem.

      Blessings my friend

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 

      2 years ago from london

      Hi Linda.

      If I have two comments, then delete the other one.

      Hi Again. I didn't want to forget this, so I stopped reading and came here. You're an excellent writer, and show much empathy in your writing. I like that. Again, you write with what I call 'an English feel' yet you seem to come from somewhere else. I will return here in a minute.

      I'm back, like Arnold Swarzenegger, and I'm so glad that I spent some time here. Your poem is so exquisite, so beautiful! Your well-placed quotes by others are so meaningful! Now I know hat I'm right about your empathy. After all, you seem to have read Kahlil Gibran, no easy feat.

      Brenda and I are similar. I am a creative writer, and have two books to my name. I also started here with prose 6 years ago. But I am wise. As a servant of the inner Light, I find it more useful to get my message through poetry, which is naturally much shorter, and encourages the busy person more. Now many call me a poet. Don't mind. I say I do both effectively.

      Simon Armitage say exactly what I say. It's uncanny, because I do not have any schooling. Yet some of what you said in your Flash, I also apply automatically to my work.

      Excellent work, Linda, now I will go tic the follow box. Much Love.

      P.S. Solitude is a big one for me. I enjoy solitude.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the comment, newjerusalem.

    • newjerusalem profile image

      victor 

      2 years ago from India

      Good tips, appreciable poem, appropriate references, and altogether you've done well in this post. Interesting methodology you handled.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Nadine.

    • Nadine May profile image

      Nadine May 

      3 years ago from Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

      Interesting post and a nice ending with some poetry.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, Victoria. I appreciate your visit.

    • Victoria Lynn profile image

      Victoria Lynn 

      3 years ago from Arkansas, USA

      Your poem is beautiful. Loneliness can really feed poetry. I am often alone, but I enjoy the solitude. Lovely hub!

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Julie. I appreciate your comment and vote very much.

    • Julie K Henderson profile image

      Julie K Henderson 

      3 years ago

      This is an informative, comprehensive, and inspiring article. Voted up. I find the phrase "depressed curled within" powerful. This lovely turn of phrase may inspire me to do a future writing exercise. Well done.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Bruce. It's nice to meet you!

    • Born2care2001 profile image

      Rev Bruce S Noll HMN 

      3 years ago from Asheville NC

      Thank you Alicia for making me feel right at home learning, feeling and experiencing what you shared from head...and from heart!

      I'll be back!

      Bruce

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment and for the votes and share, Phyllis! You are so right - it's very important that we reach out to those experiencing loneliness.

    • Phyllis Doyle profile image

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 

      3 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      I really like your poem, Alicia - it is beautiful. Loneliness can be so devastating when there is seemingly no hope. That is why it is so important for those of us who can to reach out and fill lonely moments for those in need of companionship.

      I must look up Brenda Chamberlain's short story, The Return. It sounds very interesting.

      Up,U, B, I and H+

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the kind and thoughtful comment, Patricia. I always appreciate your visits and the angels that you send! I appreciate the votes and the shares, too.

    • pstraubie48 profile image

      Patricia Scott 

      3 years ago from sunny Florida

      Not only is this a lovely article to read but it is filled with thoughts we should all consider. Loneliness can sneak in and steal your day even when you are surrounded by others. And as you say it can lead to depression if it is severe enough.

      Well done .... Alicia...I always enjoy your work each time I visit...

      Angels are on the way to you and yours this beautiful Sunday afternoon. ps

      Voted up++++ g+ shared

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you so much for the lovely comment, Insightful Tiger! I appreciate your visit. It would be wonderful if nobody ever felt lonely.

    • Insightful Tiger profile image

      Insightful Tiger 

      3 years ago

      Beautifully and intelligently written! Brava! You inspire!

      Loneliness! May it never be reclaimed!

      ! (and a couple more exclamation marks for emphasis) ;) !

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for such a kind and lovely comment, Rolly! I appreciate it so much. Best wishes from British Columbia!

    • Rolly A Chabot profile image

      Rolly A Chabot 

      3 years ago from Alberta Canada

      Hi Alicia... an amazing read and one I have bookmarked as a reference as it is so well put together. Well done and packed full of suggestions and ideas. You are an amazing writer my friend and you keep getting better each time I read your work. Love the poem...

      Hugs from Alberta

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you so much for the visit and such a kind comment, Linda! I appreciate the comment, the votes and the shares a great deal.

    • Minnetonka Twin profile image

      Linda Rogers 

      3 years ago from Minnesota

      Hi Linda-I really enjoyed this hub on writing prompts. I find them to be so fun and rewarding. Your poem was absolutely 'AMAZING'. You use such emotive words in your poem and can feel how she goes from a place of dark and depression, to a place of light. Hit many buttons, voted up and sharing all over.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Deb.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 

      3 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      Very nice creative maneuver.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the visit and the comment, pinto2011.

    • pinto2011 profile image

      Subhas 

      3 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Very nicely jotted down step by step all the necessary elements.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Dip Mitra!

    • Dip Mtra profile image

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Hey, that's awesome poetry! Voted up!

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Mel. I'm looking forward to seeing your contribution to Jodah's challenge!

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 

      3 years ago from San Diego California

      Wonderfully touching poem. I am thinking about participating in Jodah's prompt myself. Great job!

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the visit and the comment, Jo. There has been at least one full-length biography of Brenda Chamberlain published, which looks interesting. I'm going to see if I can find it in my local public library.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 

      3 years ago from Lincolnshire, U.K

      Beautiful poem, loved all the background information. You did a wonderful job with those words, I must look up Brenda Chamberlain.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the visit, Rebecca. I hope your novel is going well.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 

      3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      Interesting! Now that i think about it, a fading rose on a rose bush was the inspiration of the best poem I've written. Thanks for sharing your experience with Jodah, and the info on these writers.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment and for the up and awesome votes, Venkatachari M!

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 

      3 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Very interesting challenge and you made it so awesome with your nice poetry. Voted up and awesome.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the kind comment, shanmarie. It was an interesting and enjoyable challenge, even with the modifications!

    • shanmarie profile image

      Shannon Henry 

      3 years ago from Texas

      Oh, how interesting - the poem and the challenge! You are obviously talented and creative, even if the challenge was not met exactly.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Bill. I appreciate your visit very much, as always, as well as the comment.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, Blossom!

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 

      3 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hi Linda. I'm impressed. I didn't know you were a poet. I had never heard of Brenda Chamberlain so once again I learned something new. You should write more poetry :)

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 

      3 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Great article! Enjoyed reading both the prose and poetry.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the lovely comment and for creating the challenge, Jodah! I appreciate your visit and the idea for a writing prompt a great deal.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the visit and the comment, MsDora.

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 

      3 years ago from Queensland Australia

      This is a wonderful response to my challenge AliciaC. I absolutely love the poem, and thank you for the great explanation of the story behind it and the interesting information you provided about Brenda Chamberlain an author I had not heard of. I love the way you used every word of the sentence in your poem as well. Great work.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      3 years ago from The Caribbean

      Helpful notes on writing prompts and writers. Good poetry. Thanks for this useful presentation.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Flourish, I appreciate your comment very, very much. I did creative writing long before I wrote informational articles. I'm enjoying trying it again! I find information fascinating and creative writing very fulfilling.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 

      3 years ago from USA

      Wow, Linda, this is stunning. You are ever the poet, and I enjoyed the introductory background about the woman who chose the dying man as her fixated love interest. The heart wants what it wants. I encourage you to do more creative writing like this, as you have obvious talent.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Nell. Thanks for the comment about the poem! I don't think that Brenda Chamberlain is widely known today. I'm going to learn more about her and her work. She sounds like an interesting person.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Ann. Thank you very much for the kind comment. I appreciate your visit. The only work of Brenda Chamberlain's that I've read is "The Return", but I'm looking forward to reading more of her creations!

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      3 years ago from England

      Hi alicia, I had never heard of Brenda Chamberlain before so that was really interesting, and I loved your poem too, wonderful!

    • annart profile image

      Ann Carr 

      3 years ago from SW England

      Beautiful poem in response to this challenge (which I've only just found out about here in your hub!).

      The background history to Brenda Chamberlain is fascinating. I haven't heard of her before but will look up her name and the book.

      Thanks for making us aware and for testing yourself with this challenge - great result!

      Ann

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Devika. I appreciate your comment and all your votes.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Greatly written! I enjoyed reading this valuable hub. Voted up interesting and useful.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Faith. Thank you so much for such a wonderful and kind comment! As always, I'm very grateful for your votes and shares. Blessings and peace to you, too.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the comment and the votes, Perspycacious.

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      3 years ago from southern USA

      What a beautiful and interesting hub, Linda! I loved learning all about Brenda Chamberlain as the poet and I truly love her creative writing.

      Thank you for sharing your gift of poetry. Your poem is powerful and dramatic. I love it!

      You are very talented in many areas.

      Up ++++ tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

      Blessings and peace always

    • Perspycacious profile image

      Demas W Jasper 

      3 years ago from Today's America and The World Beyond

      Thanks for your efforts and information. Thumbs up, Useful, Interesting.

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Gawth!

    • Gawth profile image

      Ron Gawthorp 

      3 years ago from Millboro, Virginia

      Very nice!

    • AliciaC profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Crampton 

      3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Bill. I appreciate your comment!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Great explanation, nice historical notes, and lovely work with the poetry. Well done, my friend.

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