MAKING A HARDCOVER BOOK
The book you were reading now was the result of a system of consolidation of all the pages or leaves of the papers by means of stacking and sewing it together to form a solid material known as hardbound book. One booklet has many sheets of papers. They were folded to form a group of pages. All pages being arranged was called a signatures. All signatures is now called text block. The text block was the result of many pages. If you plan to make your own hardcover book then it is the right place for you to know how it was being done. This will be your guide to start:
You have to build a text block. Glue the paper between the inside of the cover and the text block to one side called end sheet. Use adhesive strip to attach the unit to the cover boards. Measure the tape first and cut to exact size. Make a protective backing for the tape. Cover the adhesive side of the cloth tape with packaging tape of the same width.
You have to tape the adhesive side of the cloth tape into the non-sticky surface of the transparent tape. Make it sure that the length of the cloth tape should be greater than the height of the text block. After you made 2 strips of tape, tape it down to the sheet of paper to cover the glue. Remember not to press hard the tape, easy to peel the backing. Cut the strips of tape from the paper carefully. Trim it to the same height to the sheets to be bound. See to it that the corners should be square in form.
Check loose leaves to ensure every sheet was in order. Draw a line down the page from top to bottom of the edge along with the left side of the top sheet. Mark a point at every inch along the line from top and bottom of the page. Stack neatly and evenly all the pages to be bound. Use a clamp to hold it firmly. Drill different holes to every mark point you made along the drilling line.
Prepare 2 end sheets of the same size as pages. Use colored poster board paper. Another 2 blank pages to the bottom and top of the stack. Mark the end sheets and tape it. Punch a hole with a thumbtack. The hole should be align. Stack all the components symmetrically from top to bottom. Start sewing the text block. Use upholstery sewing needle. Make a length of the thread two times longer to accommodate the length of the holes, thickness of the stock and the height of the text block.
Start threading to the terminal hole on either end of the line leaving 2 inches of tail. Continue threading from under to over portion of the text block. Then do the weaving for the sealing of the text block. Make sure the end of the thread should be on the opposite sides of the text block. Thread back one hole. The end of the thread should emerge from the same side of the text from adjacent holes and tie down.
After completion of the threading, make a cover using 2 cover boards of the same size in front and at the back. Make an overhang of the cover board on three sides (top, bottom,right) of the text block and short in the left side of the text block. The size of the board should be taller than the text block. Use carpenter square to ensure perfect right angle corner before gluing. Use spray-on adhesive to glue the board together. Its rough edges should be sanded.
The board and spine should be assembled as one unit aligning the cover pieces with a square and make a gap between spine and boards. Use temporary masking tape to hold it firmly. Use wall paper as your covering materials. Use PVA paste to glue it down. Spread the glue on one side of the spine and area of the cover board into which you are gluing. Check the carpenters' square to ensure the board still align.
Remove the temporary masking tape once the glue has dried. Folds tails over and glue it. Start decorating the blank size. If you can not do it, then seek assistance from professional bindery for title stamping. Once the spine is finished, the cover is ready to be attach to the text block. Draw a line from the edges along the sides to the inside cover, marking the area to be covered by the text block,
Draw a line on the adhesive strip of the text block from the stitch line to indicate the location of the inner edge of the cover board where it was positioned to be able to see the line when the backing is peeled. Removed the protective backing as the cover was open, its outside facing down from one of the strip of tape to one of the text block exposing the adhesive.
Hold the text block with the exposed adhesive facing down. Use pencil lines as a guide to the stitched side toward the spine, text block is set down and the position of the cover board. Once the text block is attach then the rest of the board is now ready to be covered. Once the glue dry, corners of the cloth pieces is to be trim. The tape are to be folded over and glued to the sides. Glue the other halves of the end sheets to the inside of the front and back cover. Spray adhesive to one side of one of the end sheets.
Open the book cover and place the sheet on top of the text block, glue it side up. Align the top, bottom and outside, then close the cover. The same way to the other side. Apply weight to hardbound book to ensure a tight adhesive bonding.