ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Comparisons: Michelangelo's David Vs. Dante's Divine Comedy

Updated on January 1, 2016
Source

An Analysis

This analysis focuses on two iconic works. Both were sensational in their time, and remain easily recognizable today. Dante's Divine Comedy is the pinnacle literary work of the early 14th century. Laid out in minute detail is the path of a human soul as it leaves the body to journey into the afterlife. The correct pathways to life are revealed in all three sections of the Divine Comedy, and are evident in the living world of the past as well as the present. (Raffa). Michelangelo’s statue of David remains among the most visited sculptures in Italy, and draws millions from around the world to marvel at its immense size, realistically life-like posture, and incredible detail. Dante's epic poem answers the curiosity about the afterlife and provides examples of how simple choices can have real, often eternal, consequences. As David prepared for his battle against the giant, he understood the implications of his actions and their potential consequences all too well. In recognizing the historical and modern significance of each work, we see how they transcend cultures and time periods and withstand, with grace, monumental changes to the world around them.

Source

The Divine Comedy

The Divine Comedy is both literal and metaphorical. Literally, it details an afterlife with logically expected punishments and/or rewards for earthly actions. All are laid out in specific, often horrific detail, but the message is consistent. Dante clearly states that a person can anticipate their afterlife based on their earthly one. Metaphorically, this makes life on earth all the more significant, due to its eternal value. In Canto III.7, Dante describes the inscription over the gates of hell, stating that the purpose for hell is divine justice, explaining that a soul's eternal punishment will fit its earthly crimes. Dante feels sympathy for the damned, and struggles with whether or not this is true justice. He inwardly wrestles with the sentences meted out to the guilty, and does not easily reconcile empathy and

justice, questioning God's ultimate punishment of these souls. (Sparknote Editors) When the Divine Comedy was introduced, human behavior centered on the afterlife. Existence was brief and brutal, and the concept of a time/place where true justice would be administered gave people hope not to be found in their current world. Knowledge of a brutal human history aids in our understanding of the hope Dante provided to a confused populace.

Have you seen the David Statue?

See results

How is Your Reading?

Have you read the Divine Comedy?

See results
Source

The Statue of David by Michelangelo

Michelangelo's statue of David is unique in that it portrays David before the famous biblical battle with the giant Goliath. Other sculptures at the time depicted David after his victory. Michelangelo's David, however, is introspective. His slingshot, as yet unused, is slung casually over his shoulder, and his entire body is tensed in anticipation of the battle. Michelangelo's sculpture represents David's humanity, not the invincibility of the giant slayer. The sculpture starkly illuminates the beauty of the human body and the human spirit. David is pictured nude, and looks pensive and powerful, and there is little doubt that this sculpture makes a statement. David shows defiance in the face of larger, intimidating enemies, and provides hope to the underdog. Medieval history often contrasted the perfection of heaven and the spiritual, while depicting humanity as weak and ultimately powerless. As the Renaissance emerged, it demonstrated the power of the human spirit apart from the divine, as argued by Lee Sandstead . Instead of viewing humanity as a whole as ignorant and worthless, Michelangelo presented a true hero of mankind, and presented people as worthy and capable of victory over seemingly insurmountable odds. (Sandstead)

Compare/contrast

The differences between the Divine Comedy and the Statue of David are remarkable in the context and period that created them. While Dante's epic work focuses on the afterlife and covers the suffering of souls trapped in hell, the trials of those in purgatory, and the bliss of those fortunate enough to have made it to heaven, his work is about the future. It encompasses the full spectrum of what humanity fears, expects or desires with their eternal afterlife based on how they live on earth. David, on the other hand, is a remarkable portrait of humanity and earthly life. From the tense anticipation perceived in the pose that Michelangelo chose to the seemingly casual facial demeanor, Michelangelo brings to life in stunning detail the beauty of the human form – and the spirit within. By encapsulating David prior to the formative battle that turned him from a shepherd to a hero king, Michelangelo gives humanity hope in the face of adversity. (Sandstead)

Although the Divine Comedy and Michelangelo's David are from different media and encompass different ideals and mindsets, they also share striking similarities. Both of them unite the universal human themes of suffering and overcoming adversity. While Dante's struggle is more metaphorical in his battle to reconcile himself to God's divine judgment in Inferno “through me you enter into the city of woes through me you enter into eternal pain, through me you enter the population of loss.. . .abandon all hope, you who enter here. “ (Canto III.1-7), David's struggle is read on every standing vein on his body as he prepares mentally and physically to battle the giant Goliath. Struggle is a part of life, and the idea of triumph over adversity and overcoming seemingly insurmountable odds has been captured in human thought from its earliest civilizations. Both the Divine Comedy and the David statue are also largely visual works. Although the Comedy is a literary masterpiece and the statue of David is a sculpture, they both create a striking image in the minds of those who see them.

Conclusion

Art from different media appears to be at opposite ends of the spectrum. Deeper introspection often yields surprising and illuminating results. Connections, therefore, can easily be drawn despite obvious differences. As a result, we recognize shared stamp of human nature: triumph over adversity and the inherent desire for growth and understanding. Like these pieces of art, these desires truly withstand time. Perhaps Dante's admonition to “Abandon all Hope” (III.1-7) is not a foregone conclusion after all, as shown beautifully by Michelangelo's David. These artists' great work have proven as they have transcended time, culture and political intrigue to reach our modern age as a means to warn and teach and provide a necessary hope to the rest of the world at large.

references

Alighiere, Dante. The Divine Comedy. New York: Pantheon Books, 1948. Print.

Raffa, Guy P. "Danteworlds." Danteworlds. University of Texas, n.d. Web. 21 Nov 2013. <http://danteworlds.laits.utexas.edu/>.

Sandstead, Lee. "The Meaning of Michelangelo's David." sandstead.com. Sandstead.com, 05 Sep 2004. Web. 21 Nov 2013. <http://www.sandstead.com/essays/david.html>.

SparkNotes Editors, , ed. "SparkNote on Inferno." SparkNote. Sparknote, n.d. Web. 21 Nov 2013. <http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/inferno/themes.html>.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • JMcFarland profile imageAUTHOR

      Elizabeth 

      4 years ago from The US of A, but I'm Open to Suggestions

      Thanks, Paladin and good catch. It's the price I pay for thinking of other things while typing. I intended Florence, thought Italy and typed Rome. Go figure. It should be corrected now.

    • Paladin_ profile image

      Paladin_ 

      4 years ago from Michigan, USA

      JM, I haven't really had time to absorb the analysis in your hub yet, but I believe that the David statue is currently in Florence, not Rome. You might want to double-check on that.

      Feel free to delete this comment once you've made the correction.

    • JMcFarland profile imageAUTHOR

      Elizabeth 

      4 years ago from The US of A, but I'm Open to Suggestions

      Thanks, Sheila. The history of both of these epic works is fascinating, and I really enjoyed taking a more in depth look at them.

    • profile image

      sheilamyers 

      4 years ago

      Thanks for providing the more in-depth explanations to both the story and the statue. As an avid reader, I'm sure if I read "The Divine Comedy" I'd pick out the themes you mentioned. However, as someone who doesn't view much in the way of the great art of history, I may simply look at the statue and think "What a wonderful work" and I'd miss the whole idea behind the art. Thanks again.

    • JMcFarland profile imageAUTHOR

      Elizabeth 

      4 years ago from The US of A, but I'm Open to Suggestions

      Thanks, Brittany. This hub was fashioned from a final paper I had to complete in my humanities clad. I was fortunate enough to be able to see the statue of David in person when I was a teenager. It is every bit as impressive as you'd think it would be, and all of Italy was lovely. Thanks for commenting.

    • Brittany Kussman profile image

      Brittany Kussman 

      4 years ago from St. Louis, MO

      Loved your part on the David statue. When I was in college I took an art history class and the David statue was one of my favorite pieces to discuss. Great hub!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)