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Parts of Speech | Examples & Quiz
Parts of Speech
Every sentence is a combination of different words. These different words are divided into many categories according to their functions, which are called parts of speech.There are eight parts of speech in English language, which are discussed briefly over here.
A noun is the name of a person, place or thing. The word thing here means anything that we can see, think of and touch with hands. In other words, the word thing may refer to abstract and concrete objects. For example, doctor, king, notification, apple, King Edward, table etc are all nouns.
A verb is an important part of speech. It is a word which shows an action or tells us the state or condition of something. Without a verb, it is impossible to make a single sentence. Look at the following sentences, wherein the highlighted words are all verbs.
- We will visit London tomorrow.
- He wants to buy her a gift.
- She is here.
- The books are on the table.
- They thanked her for being kind to them.
An adjective is another important part of speech. It is a word used to describe a noun or pronoun. It modifies or simply adds something to the meaning of a noun. The words highlighted in the following sentences are all adjectives:
- He is an intelligent boy.
- Kublai Khan was a great king.
- She is beautiful.
- He is a brave man.
- That is a large building.
A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. Pronouns are important part of speech as they serve as subject as well as object of the sentence. He, She, It, I, We, You, They and It are the pronouns. Pronouns have accusative, nominative and possessive forms. For detailed information, please click here.
The word adverb is a word used to modify the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Look at the following sentences, wherein the highlighted words are adverbs:
- He ran fast.
- They finished their homework very quickly.
- He is a very brave man.
- Let him explain it briefly.
A preposition is a word used before a noun or pronoun to show its relationship with other part of the sentence. It shows us how something is related to something else. Prepositions are difficult to be defined as they are senseless. The highlighted words in the following sentences are prepositions:
- The boss is at his office.
- The book is lying on the table.
- Don’t switch the TV off.
- There are many cows in the garden.
A conjunction is a word used to join words or sentences. Look at the following sentences, wherein the highlighted words are conjunctions:
- Two and two make a quarrel.
- Please get me a cup of tea or coffee.
- I understand Urdu, but cannot speak it.
- Either take it or leave it.
An interjection is a word used to express some sudden feelings or emotions. When we want to express our feelings, we take a sigh, make a loud scream or change our body language. Words used for such feelings are called interjections. Consider the following sentences, wherein the bold words are interjections:
- Alas! She is dead.
- Hurray! We have won the match.
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An article is an adjective used before a noun to indicate the reference made by the noun. There are two types of articles in English: Definite & Indefinite articles. The word "The" is a definite article, while the words "a" & "an" are indefinite articles. As the names suggest, the definite article is used to refer to something which has already mentioned. It is also used with particular things. Indefinite articles are used only with non-specific things. It is also used only with singular noun. The article "a" is used with those nouns which start with a consonant letter. For example, a man, a ball, a dog, while the article "an" is used with those nouns which start with a vowel sound. For example, an article, an aeroplane, an eyeball etc.