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Nouns

Updated on April 8, 2016
Noun refers to something being talked about in a sentence.
Noun refers to something being talked about in a sentence. | Source

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Definition of Noun

A noun is usually used as subject, object of the verb, or as object of the preposition. It names something such as persons, animals, things, places, time, measurement, actions, quality and idea.

Examples of Nouns

Type of Noun
Example
Person
Andrew, Paul, priest, doctor
Animal
monkey, dog, cat, raccoon
Thing
pen, comb, kettle, mug
Place
New Jersey, California, Makati
Time
Monday, day, week, month
Actions
running, eating, encoding
Quality
honesty, industry, beauty

Concrete and Abstract Nouns

Nouns are also classified as concrete or abstract. Concrete nouns are the things that can be touched or felt. On the other hand, abstract nouns are the things that cannot be touched. These are ideas or actions.

Example of Concrete and Abstract Nouns

Concrete Noun
Abstract Noun
brother
day
Sabrina
beauty
police
integrity
cellular phone
year

Common and Proper Nouns

Nouns can also be grouped as common or proper. A common noun refers to a class or general name of people, places, or things while a proper noun refers to a particular person, place, or thing.

Examples of Common and Proper Noun

Common Noun
Proper Noun
author
Sandra Miller
continent
Asia
city
Tokyo
mall
Walmart
park
Luneta Park
Remember: When writing a proper noun, always capitalize the first letter of the noun.

Singular and Plural Noun

Singular noun refers to one person, place, or thing while plural noun refers to more than one person, place, or thing. In most cases, letter “s” is added to change the singular noun to its plural form.

Examples of Singular and Plural Nouns

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
apple
apples
bag
bags
cat
cats
egg
eggs
refugee
refugees
skunk
skunk
tablet
tablets
zebra
zebras

Check the sentence examples below.

Singular Noun (Person):

●The doctor is early today.

Plural Noun (Person):

●The doctors are early today.

Singular Noun (place):

● The province is composed of municipalities.

Plural Noun (Place):

●The provinces are composed of municipalities.

Singular Noun (thing):

Stone is an example of nonliving thing.

Plural Noun (thing):

Stones are examples of nonliving things.

Adding letter s to form the plural of a noun is not always applicable and correct.
Adding letter s to form the plural of a noun is not always applicable and correct. | Source

Nouns ending in -sh, -ch,-x, and -z

Some nouns ending in s, sh, ch, x or z form the plural by adding es.

Example of Nouns ending in -s, -sh, -ch, -x or -z

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
class
classes
truss
trusses
dish
dishes
brush
brushes
match
matches
watch
watches
box
boxes
tax
taxes
frizz
frizzes
buzz
buzzes

Nouns ending in -o

Nouns ending in an o that is preceded by a vowel form the plural by adding s. While, nouns ending in an o that is preceded by a consonant form the plural by adding s while others add es.

Example of Nouns ending in an -o

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
radio
radios
bamboo
bamboos
scenario
scenarios
embryo
embryos
kangaroo
kangaroos
cameo
cameos
tomato
tomatoes

Nouns ending in -y

Nouns ending in y and preceded by a consonant form the plural by changing y to i and add es. While, nouns ending in y following a vowel form the plural by adding s.

Example of Nouns ending in -y

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
bureaucracy
bureaucracies
body
bodies
policy
policies
medley
medleys
key
keys

Nouns with changing vowel or consonant

Some nouns form the plural by changing the vowel or the consonant.

Example of Nouns with changing vowel or consonant

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
man
men
woman
women
louse
lice
tooth
teeth
mouse
mice

Constant Nouns

Some nouns are constant. The singular and plural forms are the same.

Example of Constant Nouns

Singular Nouns
Plural Nouns
deer
deer
salmon
salmon
swine
swine
trout
trout
hovercraft
hovercraft

Nouns added with -n or -en

There are nouns that can be changed to plural by adding n or en.

Example of Nouns added with -n or -en

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
child
children
brother
brethren
ox
oxen

Nouns ending in -a

Nouns ending in a are changed to plural by adding e or s.

Example of Nouns ending in -a

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
alumna
alumnae
formula
formulae

Nouns ending in -ex or -ix

Nouns ending in ex or ix are changed to ices or simply add es.

Example of Nouns ending in -ex or -ix

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
index
indices, indexes
matrix
matrices
vertex
vertices

Nouns ending in -is

Nouns that end in is are changed to es to make the plural form.

Example of Nouns ending in -is

 
 
axis
axes
crisis
crises
thesis
theses
hypothesis
hypotheses
testis
testes

Compound Nouns

Nouns that are composed of two or more words are called compound nouns. The first noun or both nouns are changed to become plural in form.

Example of Compound Nouns

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
Governor-general
governors-general
man-child
men-children
father-in-law
fathers-in-law
passerby
passersby

Nouns added with an Apostrophe and -s

Some nouns are changed to plural by adding an apostrophe (‘) and s. These nouns are usually numbers, letters, and symbols.

Example of Nouns added with an (') and -s

Singular Noun
Plural Noun
1
1's
A
A's
$
$'s

Here are some examples of nouns added with an apostrophe and s.

Singular:

I see a $ on my page.

Shaun has A in his grading card.

Plural:

I see S’s on my page.

Shaun has A’s in his grading card.

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    • sweetpikez profile image
      Author

      Pinky de Garcia 2 years ago

      Dear Sunshine625,

      Thanks for reading and leaving an appreciative comment.

      Have a beautiful day,

      Sweetpikez

    • Sunshine625 profile image

      Linda Bilyeu 2 years ago from Orlando, FL

      Excellent learning lesson. We are never too old or young to learn or refresh our noun skills :)

    • sweetpikez profile image
      Author

      Pinky de Garcia 2 years ago

      Dear esmonaco and sprickita,

      Thanks for appreciating my recent hub. I agree with you esmonaco that we forget these basics as we get older.That's why, reviewers are of big help.

    • sprickita profile image

      sprickita 2 years ago from Reno

      I liked it , Thank You... That is a lot of nouns 8-)

    • esmonaco profile image

      Eugene Samuel Monaco 2 years ago from Lakewood New York

      A very helpful and useful hub. How easy it is to forget these basics as you get older. I guess that I need to study a little more. Thanks:)

    • sweetpikez profile image
      Author

      Pinky de Garcia 2 years ago

      Dear annart,

      Thanks for finding my topic as interesting and for sharing your language usage in Britain.

      Best regards.

    • annart profile image

      Ann Carr 2 years ago from SW England

      Interesting lists. There are lots of ways to understand why some endings differ, usually to do with the number of vowels preceding.

      In Britain it is correct to write the plural of numbers and letters as 2s and As, i.e. without the apostrophe, though many people do not stick to that!

      Useful basics here.