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Personal Pronouns | Examples & Quiz

Updated on March 1, 2016
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Muhammad Rafiq is a freelance writer, blogger, and translator with a Master's Degree in English literature from the University of Malakand.

What are Personal Pronouns?
What are Personal Pronouns? | Source

What are Personal Pronouns?

A pronoun which is used in place of a name of a person is called a personal pronoun. It refers to a person or thing in a sentence. The word personal does not mean that these pronouns are strictly limited to people. Rather, they are used to refer to animals, things and persons. The pronouns He, She, It, We, You and They are personal pronouns. For example, in the following sentences, the pronouns He, She, and I are used to refer to persons, while the pronoun it refers to a thing:

  1. Ahmad is an intelligent boy. He knows how to handle problems.
  2. I could not succeed in helping him.
  3. Adela is curious about grammar. She wants to study it thoroughly.
  4. Can you recognize it? It is a larva.

Grammatical Person

Personal pronouns are divided into three categories, which are known as grammatical persons. They are discussed below:

  • 1st Person Pronouns: They refer to the speaker. These pronouns are I & We
  • 2nd Person Pronouns: These pronouns refer to the person being addressed to. You is the only Second Person Pronoun in English grammar.
  • 3rd Person Pronouns: These pronouns are used to refer persons other than First & Second Person Pronouns. These pronouns are They, He, She & It.

The following tables shows us various forms of personal pronouns:

Case
Singular
Plural
Nominative
I
We
Possessive
My & Mine
Our, Ours
Accusative
Me
Us
First Person Pronouns
Case
Singular
Plural
Nominative
You
You
Possessive
Your/Yours
Your/Yours
Accusative
You
You
Second Person Pronouns
Case
Singular
Plural
Nominative
He, She, It
They
Possessive
His, Her/Hers, Its
Their, Theirs
Accusative
Him, Her, It
Them
Third Person Pronouns

When a pronoun is used as subject of a verb, then such a pronouns is said to be in nominative case. For example, in the following sentences, He, She, It, I, We, You and They are used in nominative cases:

  1. He will not help me to pass the exams.
  2. She has gone out of her country.
  3. It will snow tomorrow.
  4. We cannot support you in this dirty game.
  5. You can do what you want.
  6. They may have arrived there.

When a pronoun is used as object of a verb, then such a pronoun is said to be in accusative case. For example, in the following sentences, Me, Us, You, Him, Her, It & Them are used in accusative cases:

  1. He has helped me everywhere.
  2. She will train us for the game.
  3. I can’t lend you my camera.
  4. They harassed her in college.
  5. You can’t fix it as it has expired.
  6. She won’t give them a chance to appear in the exam.

When a pronoun is used to show possession or ownership, then such a pronoun is said to be in possessive case. For example, in the following sentences, the pronouns My, Mine, Our, Their, Your, Her, His & Its are used in possessive cases:

  1. This book is mine.
  2. This is my camera.
  3. These are our cars.
  4. Those were their bags.
  5. It was her mistake.
  6. This is his book.
  7. The bird cleaned its beak.

Personal Pronouns Quiz


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© 2015 Muhammad Rafiq

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