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Parts of Speech: Pronouns
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Definition of Pronouns
Pronouns are words that are used as substitutes for nouns or noun phrase. There are different kinds of pronouns.
Kinds of Pronouns
1. Personal Pronouns refer to the person speaking, person being spoken to, or person or thing spoken of. This is divided into three forms. The forms of personal pronouns are discussed below.
a. First Person refers to the speaker.
Example of Pronouns in First Person
Sentence examples for First Person
▪ I am a singer.
▪ My table is clean.
▪ We are singers.
▪ Our tables are clean.
b. Second Person refers to the person being spoken to.
Example of Pronouns in Second Person
Sentence Examples for Second Person
Singular : You are eating pasta.
Plural : You are all eating pasta.
The sentence examples for singular form means only one person is eating pasta while the plural form means there are more than one person are eating pasta.
c. Third Person refers to the person or thing being spoken of.
Example of Pronouns in Third Person
Sentence Example for Third Person
Singular : She is attending the meeting.
Plural : They are attending the meeting.
2. Compound Personal Pronouns
Some personal pronouns like my, her, him, your, them, our and it are added with self (singular) or selves (plural). These combined words are called compound personal pronouns. When using these compound personal pronouns, antecedents must be employed. An antecedent is a noun for which a pronoun stands.
3. Interrogative Pronouns
Interrogative pronouns introduce questions. What, which, who, whom, and whose are interrogative pronouns. Check the given examples for more information.
Sentence Examples for Interrogative Pronouns
Here are some sentence examples.
▪ What is your favorite movie?
▪ Which font style do you prefer to apply?
▪ Who is your father?
▪ Whom shall say is calling?
▪ Whose book is this?
4. Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns point out a specific person, place, or thing. This, that, these, and those are demonstrative pronouns. This (singular) and these (plural) refer to person or thing being pointed out nearby or just mentioned. On the hand, that (singular) and those (plural) refer to person or thing in far distance or not present.
Sentence Examples for Demonstrative Pronouns
▪ This is my computer.
▪ That is my computer.
▪ These are my phones.
▪ Those are my phones.
5. Indefinite Pronouns
Indefinite pronouns refer to non-specific person, place, or thing.
Example of Indefinite Pronouns According to Type
anybody, anyone, everybody, everyone,
someone,everyone, no one
each, other, neither, either
each, other, neither, either
Example of Indefinite Pronouns According to Number
6. Relative Pronouns
Relative pronouns connect groups of words to another idea in a particular sentence. The relative pronouns are that, which, who, whom, and whose. Read the given examples hereunder.
Sentence Examples for Relative Pronouns
▪ The doctor whom Sheila admires is from Canada.
▪ Diether gave me the perfume that I wanted to buy for my birthday.
▪ The police caught the gangs who recruited children to sell drugs.
7. Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns are pronouns that show ownership. The common possessive pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs and whose. To understand more about possessive pronouns, the sentence examples are provided below.
Sentence Examples for Possessive Pronouns
▪ This is my phone.
The pronoun my indicates ownership of the phone.
▪ This phone is yours.
The pronoun yours indicates ownership of the phone.
Using an apostrophe to the above said pronouns do not indicate possession.
▪ It’s a meaningful song.
“It’s” does not show ownership. It is a contraction of the words “it” and “is”.
For some pronouns, an apostrophe and s are used to display ownership. The indefinite pronouns like anyone, everybody, someone and many more are added with an apostrophe and s in the end to show ownership.
Example of Possessive Indefinite Pronouns
no one’s hope
8. Gender Pronouns
Gender pronouns are pronouns that refer to gender. There are four gender pronouns in grammar. These are masculine, feminine, common and neuter genders.
Example of Gender Pronouns
9. Number Pronouns
Number pronouns are regarded as singular or plural depending on their use. When the pronouns all, any, some, and none refer to a number, they are regarded as plural. When they refer to quantity or a mass, they are regarded as singular.
Sentence Examples for Number Pronouns
▪ There is no spare paper in the supply office. All of it has been used already.
▪ All members are marching.
10. Compound Antecedent Pronouns
Compound antecedent pronouns can be singular or plural. If both antecedents are singular and refer to different persons or things, the compound antecedent is regarded as plural. Same rule applies when one of the antecedents is plural. Therefore, the pronoun that refers to the compound antecedents must be plural as well.
On the other hand, if both antecedents are singular and refer to the same person, place or thing, the compound antecedent is regarded as singular. A singular pronoun must also be used.
Sentence Examples for Compound Antecedent Pronouns
▪ Toni and Alex will have their concert next year.
▪ Toni, Alex and the Maroon 5 members will have their concert next year.
▪ The manager and owner of the restaurant gave 30% discount for his dine-in costumers yesterday.
▪ The science teacher and subject coordinator refuses her friend for a lunch date.
11. Pronouns for Collective Nouns
Pronouns for collective nouns can also be singular or plural in form. Singular pronouns are used when the members of the collective noun are acting as unit or as one. On the other hand, plural pronouns are used when the members of the group are acting independently. Read the examples below.
Singular Sentence Example:
▪ The class performed its dance number.
Plural Sentence Example:
▪ The class performed their respective dance number.
Check your Understanding about Pronouns
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