Rabindranath Tagore - biography and life
I have read many books by different authors. But I like Shakespeare and John Bernard Shaw among English authors. 'Dinkar' Nirala and Rabindranath Tagore are my favorites among Indian authors. But i like Rabindranath Tagore the most. He is one of the greatest poets of the world.
Rabindranath Tagore belongs to a very respectable family of Bengal. He was born on 7th May 1861 at Jorsanko in Kolkata city of India. His father's name was Shri Devendranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore received elementary education at two schools of Kolkata. They were the oriental seminary and Calcutta Normal. Tagore sailed for England in 1871 for higher education. He joined the University of London.
Tagore's family life was very sad. He was married in 1888 in a very small age of 17. But his wife died in 1902 and his second daughter died in 1904. His father passed away in 1907. These sad events in life made Tagore more and more religious.
Rabindranath was a great writer. He was the editor of several magazines. Tagore's 'Gitanjali' is one of his best books. Some English poets like W. B. Yeats and Stopford Brook praised Tagore's 'Gitanjali'. His poems combine the tender humanity with a deep religious touch. And the Nobel prize was awarded to him by the Swedish Academy. 'Balka' and 'Purabi' are his great creations. One of his greatest poetical drama is 'Chitrangada'. He also wrote some beautiful short stories.
Rabindranath was a great lover of India. He raised his voice against the Britishers. He fought the war for freedom through his writings. Tagore was a great educationist also. He founded the Vishwabharti in 1901. He wanted to make India a home of culture and education. It has become a famous university in the world. Rabindranath Tagore wrote the song 'Jan Gan Man' which is the national anthem of India.
But this great son of India died on 7th August 1941. Tagore is my favorite author. He was a writer, educationist, social reformer and patriot - all combined in one.
Rabindranath was a seer. He was born to rule the hearts of men and lead them from darkness to light, from ignorance to knowledge. His message had a universal appeal. He has taught us to love nature in most intimate moods to be in communion which has enriched the literature that he has given us. He brought nature and man most closely together. He preferred the modern ideas of freedom in education and contact with nature. No one in any quarter of the globe was ther to whom freedom meant more in instruction in intimate contact with nature. He radiated his message to strive for freedom of speech and expression. Rabindranath not only loved India but he was also proud of her physical beauties. He said about his motherland "My country that is forever India, the country of my fathers, the country of my children. My country has given me life and strength. I shall be born in India again. With all her poverty, misery and wretchedness, I love India best." He believed that mere patriotism was not enough. He inspired his countrymen that patriotism should be from the taint of narrow parochialism. We should place our love for mankind above all local attachments. He taught us to find the beauty of human relationship here and now, in the daily life of common people, Nationalism must lead to Internationalism. Man must love man wherever he is. It is with this ideal which he preached tirelessly. He founded Vishwabharti and made it the center of international studies. The ideal of Vishwabharti is "Where the whole world becomes a nest".
Above all was Rabindranath's love for children. He used to loose himself in joy when he taught little children. He was indeed a 'Gurudev' which means a great teacher on Earth. To more than a generation of Indians he stands in the position of a great teacher who taught them to learn a beautiful language to the finer shades of poetic art. He opened up to us the beauties of nature in a way which no one else did before. He depicted the infinite varieties of life for us and taught us to laugh and weep at them. He has given the philosophy of life which is sublime.