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Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, English author. Born Edinburgh, Scotland, May 22, 18S9. Died Crowborough, England, July 7, 1930.
Doyle created Sherlock Holmes, the most famous detective in English fiction and one of the best-known characters in all English literature. his most popular stories about Holmes include A Study in Scarlet (1887), The Sign of the Four (1890), and The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902). The stories were supposedly narrated by Holmes' assistant, Dr. Watson, a plodding fellow who continually amazed by his friend's ability to solve "unsolvable" mysteries.
A graduate of Edinburgh University, Doyle practiced medicine from 1882 to 1890. After the success of his first book about Holmes, A Study in Scarlet (1887), he abandoned medicine to devote his time to writing. He published many of his stories in serial form in Strand Magazine. They were so popular that when Doyle attempted to kill his hero in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1893), readers demanded Holmes' return. Doyle wrote about 60 Holmes stories.
Doyle's other works include the historical novels Micah Clarke (1889) and The White Company (1891) and a play, The Story of Waterloo (1894). He also wrote several influential political pamphlets and was knighted in 1902 for his writings in support of British policies during the Boer War. After the death of his son in World War I, Doyle became converted to spiritualism and spent his remaining years writing and lecturing on his beliefs. In 1924 he published an autobiography, Memoirs and Adventures.