ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Sir Walter Raleigh: An Adventurous and Auspicious Author

Updated on July 25, 2012

A Statue of Sir Walter Raleigh

Source

Queen Elizabeth I

Sir Walter Raleigh was greatly adored by Queen Elizabeth I.
Sir Walter Raleigh was greatly adored by Queen Elizabeth I. | Source

A Brief Biography

Sir Walter Raleigh’s birth has been highly debated and remains unknown although most people suspect he was born in South Devon, England in 1554 (Damrosch 1163). As a young man, he developed a disgust for Roman Catholicism and became devoted to Queen Elizabeth I’s Protestant religion (Jokinen). It is believed that he first got the Queen’s attention not only by his handsome face, and tall stature, but by the way he served her. One time, there was a puddle on the street where she was walking and he swiftly took off his cloak and placed it on the ground so that her feet would stay dry (Mills)! Following this act of humility, he quickly became one of the Queen’s favorite people. She made him captain of the guard, gave him a license to wine, and even presented him with a beautiful house in London (Mills). Many of Raleigh’s poems seem to describe his relationship with the Queen and his belief in “political petrarchism,” that women had most of the power. Later, on the request of the Queen, Raleigh went on several expeditions to the New World and attempted to establish a stable colony on Roanoke Island but failed due to poor planning and insufficient funding (Sir Walter Raleigh).

Not long after his adventures in the New World, he fell out of favor with the Queen due to a promiscuous love affair. He developed feelings for a young woman named Elizabeth “Bess” Throckmorton who was one of the Queen’s beautiful ladies-in-waiting (Sir Walter Raleigh). The two kept their love for each other a secret and married without the permission of the Queen (Sir Walter Raleigh). However, a year later, Queen Elizabeth found out and imprisoned the couple in separate quarters in the Tower of London (Damrosch 1163).

Luckily only a few months later, the Queen released the two lovers and Raleigh went out to explore Guyana and Venezuela. He sought gold and the legendary city of El Dorado but unfortunately was unsuccessful (Damorosch 1163). Throughout this time of exploring, he wrote his famous Discovery of the Large, Rich and Beautiful Empire of Guina and told of the adventures and struggles he faced while on his journey.

When the Queen died in 1603, King James I took over and Raleigh became a suspect of treason (Mills). He was accused of participating in the “Main Plot of Lord Cobham” with the ultimate goal of assassinating the people in power and filling their positions with others they deemed fit to lead (Mills). Unsure of Raleigh’s loyalty, King James put him on trial and eventually decided to imprison him a second time in the Tower of London (Mills). Raleigh spent 13 years in the tower and wrote most of his poems and prose and also composed The History of the World while waiting to be released (Mills). After being granted his freedom, King James sent him on another expedition to South America but when he returned empty handed, he was executed on October 29, 1618 (Damrosch 1163).

Roanoke Island

A
roanoke island:
Roanoke Island, Nags Head, NC 27954, USA

get directions

This is the part of the New World that Raleigh attempted to colonize.

Tower of London

The Tower of London that Raleigh was a prisoner in, most likely resembled this structure.
The Tower of London that Raleigh was a prisoner in, most likely resembled this structure. | Source

The Effects of His Writings

Sir Walter Raleigh became the author he was because of the good times and struggles he experienced in his life. Through his favor with the Queen, the intense love he experienced with his wife, and his adventures to the New World and parts of South America, he wrote many engaging, pleasant poems and stories. His writings were not all happy though because he also recorded much of his frustration, anger, and impatience at being imprisoned under both the Queen and the King. His writings express the emotions he was feeling and “much of his poetry is occasional, written to address the circumstances and the moment in which he found himself” (Damrosch 1163). He was a confident man who was unafraid to write what he thought and remained a free thinker despite being imprisoned for so many years.

Was Raleigh treated fairly?

Do you think that King James I treated Raleigh fairly or was he so concerned with keeping power of the throne that he made a hasty decision to imprison him?

See results

A Portrait of Raleigh

Raleigh was not only a writer but also an explorer, a passionate lover, and a prisoner.
Raleigh was not only a writer but also an explorer, a passionate lover, and a prisoner. | Source

My Reactions

Sir Walter Raleigh lived a unique and exciting life. When I was researching his history and how he became a writer, I was amazed at his rebellious and independent side. He married a woman behind the Queen’s back and was involved in a conspiracy to overthrow King James. In the end, he was a man of great courage up until his death when he asked to see the ax that would behead him, saying, “Let me see it. Do you think I am afraid of it? This is a sharp medicine, but it is a physician for all diseases” (Sir Walter Raleigh). I admire his passion for adventure and his willingness to try new things. Because of his interesting character, I would like to read more of his work besides just a few isolated quotes.

His “realness” as an author and his ability to clearly express himself and his feelings makes him a writer I would recommend. He is relatable and lived a life worth studying!


Works Cited

Damrosch, David, and Kevin J. H. Dettmar, ed. The Longman Anthology: British Literature. 4th ed. New York: Longman, 2010. 1163. Print.

Jokinen, Anniina. "Sir Walter Ralegh." Luminarium: Anthology of English Literature. N.p., 5 Jun 2010. Web. 24 Jul 2012. <http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/ralegh.htm>.

Mills, Jerry Leath. "Walter Raleigh, Sir." Dictionary of Literary Biography 172. (1996): 200-216. Gale Group. Web. 24 Jul 2012. <http://galenet.galegroup.com>.

"Sir Walter Raleigh." Elizabeth I: The Golden Age. Awesome Stories, 2012. Web. 24 Jul 2012. <http://www.awesomestories.com>.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)