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Some Factors that affects Personality Development of a person

Updated on February 12, 2020
diannebernaldez profile image

The author loves to read about personality development because of her experiences.


Before we proceed, Let us first define the word personality.

Personality is determine by the individual characteristics of a person. There are lot of ways that could define people. Some maybe label as fearful personality, strong personality, friendly personality, and weak personality. It is how can we assess the overall impression of a person.

The term personality came from the Latin word "persona" which means "mask." Let's admit that we wear different mask when at home, with friends, and even in the workplace. We treat other people who surrounds us depending of who we are with and that's how we project our self to them.

Personality Development

Personality Development

It is the over-all pattern of behavior relating to our thoughts and feelings which makes us individuals differ from one another. Development entails the progress of one's persona. Individual differences are believed to have a basis in infant temperament which means that our behavior appear in our early life. It is present from young ages. It is also a process of enhancing one's outer and inner self that brings changes in life.

Our daily lives molds us into beings with a great learning and allows to form a high value of life.

Nature and Nurture

Nature- is a person's genetic inheritance and biological factors. The traits from one's biological parents are transmitted to their offspring. The personality of an individual was influenced by nature that we have inherited genes from our parents or ancestors which shaped our personality. Some of the examples are inheriting physical features such as eye, hair, and face. This is definitely the result of biological inheritance.

Nurture- the environmental factors of a person plays a vital role in the development of personality. Social environment influenced and form the traits, interests, attitudes, emotions, childhood experiences, and culture of an individual. Several areas of our personality are being changed as we grow older and learn things from different institutions. Our relationships to others provide us learning through experiences.

Institutions That Affects Our Development As A Person

Our Personality is not just a cause of a single factor but an output of many elements that makes an individual. The interaction between these elements brings uniqueness from one another. It only proves that there's no individuals are totally alike.

Institutions such as family, peers, school, church, social media and government greatly influences and shapes individual's perception of life and role in the community or society where he belongs. Family is the first institution that provides the basic of life on how he should go about everyday living.


Family- is a group of people united by marriage, blood, or adoption that belongs to a single household and interacts with each other. It includes spouses, parents, children, and siblings. It is also defined as a group of people who are related to each other.

A child's learning and socialization are most influenced by their family since it is the primary social group. The development of a child happens emotionally, physically, intellectually and socially during those times that he/she spent with his/her family. A shoulder to lean on, the love and support, the warm feeling are wonderful, and it’s necessary.

It has a very powerful effects on developing a personality of a family member. They are the one who develops a child beliefs, attitudes, and characters. An influence of a family determines a child what he or she will become. Sometimes our personality is depending on how we were raised as a person.

“Having somewhere to go is home. Having someone to love is family. And having both is a blessing.”


“Being a family means you are a part of something very wonderful. It means you will love and be loved for the rest of your life.”

~Lisa Weed~


Peers- It is a social group who shares a similar interests, age, and social status. They are likely to influence a person's beliefs and behavior.

Have you heard the saying "Tell me who your friends are, and I will tell you who you are" I know you have heard it so many times and it is somehow true. Sometimes we were define by others by who we are with which simply means your friends are a reflection of who you are. As an individual, we accompany those people who shares something in common to us. When you surround yourself with good people then, you might be a good person, but if you are surrounded by bad people then, you're definitely bad. It applies to most people.

There are also a person who sees good in everyone despite of being known as bad. You might have a good relationship to them or they might treated you nicely. Temporarily, you're friends and in good terms with them, but they aren't a reflection of you.

“A friend is someone who understands your past, believes in your future, and accepts you just the way you are.”


"Sometimes just spending some quality time with good friends is the only therapy you need"



School- The social agency in which a child learns a lot such as the need for living, characters and so on. It provides a significant role in the process of developing ones personality. It caters an intellectual progress of a child being the custodian. They teach them the desirable values of culture, attitudes, and habits. Along with the family, the school is expected to ingrain children the discipline, honesty, creativity, cooperation, and many more.

Schools are considered as a second home for children and a place where education is performed. It provides basic knowledge, development of abilities and talents.

When a child is shifted to an environment which is unfamiliar and new, the homely affection isn't there.

“Learn as much as you can while you are young, since life becomes too busy later.” –

~Dana Stewart Scott~

“Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today.” –

~Malcolm X~


Church- the church has a big aspect of nurturing children development. Most of our parents imposed some routines such as singing Godly songs and praying. They also taught us to reach out people in a holistic way, (spiritually, physically, socially as well as economically). It is significant that the kids today grow up with values.

Spiritual belief can also help people define the meaning of life. It can also influence our behaviors, mental health, and feelings. Spiritual development plays an important role in developing our personality. Faith is a wonderful gift from God, but depending on how our personality work on it.

Embracing God tend to have a higher levels of life satisfaction such as happiness and contentment. It also increased an optimistic attitudes as compared to those who said that they have a little meaning and purpose.

"Prayer is a strong wall and fortress of the church; It is goodly Christian weapon"

~Martin Luther~

"God never said that the journey would be easy, but He did say that the arrival would be worthwhile."

~Max Lucado~


Government- Political culture develops personality traits. It is a subjective psychological phenomenon that shows in the process of interacting between individuals and the political system of a particular country. Based on Harold Lasswell’s theory, he specify that the personality or traits of a democrats are open ego, capacity for sharing values with others, and relative freedom from anxiety.

Democratically individuals are said to be active and involved in politics. It gives individuals free and open space for communication. Environment affects who we are. The strength of our environmental desires is significant in developing efficient and effective environmental policies.

“People shouldn't be afraid of their government. Governments should be afraid of their people.”

~Alan Moore~

“Government exists to protect us from each other. Where government has gone beyond its limits is in deciding to protect us from ourselves.”

~Ronald Reagan~

My point of view

For me, the institution that has the biggest impact in shaping our personality development are our family and peers because they are the one who raise us, and we grow up with them and nurtured us in the society where we belong. My family and peers has the biggest part of whom I become today.

Peers and School

In which factors affects most of your personalities?

See results

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