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Tax Deductions For Writers

Updated on October 11, 2013

“i Am Not a Crook”

My apologies to former President Nixon but I just couldn’t’ pass up the opportunity to use that line.

Come to think of it, I don’t apologize. He was a crook!

The only difference between death and taxes is that death doesn't get worse every time Congress meets.
Will Rogers

It is high time that we discussed that which might be a bit, shall we say, uncomfortable for many of you. Few people want to talk about taxes and for good reason: they are like a living nightmare that keeps happening every April. There is no avoiding them. There is, at best, a duck and cover attitude in hopes that the big one doesn’t blow and take us with it.

But discuss them we must and honestly, during this discussion, you just might find out a few things that will save you money this next year. Now I’ve got your attention, don’t I?

Let me begin by stating that I have no problem with the government collecting taxes. I understand the system and I’m fine with it in theory. I just want to make sure the playing field is level and I’m only paying my fair share in taxes and not a penny more.

When major corporations are allowed tax loopholes that save them hundreds of millions of dollars in taxes, I see no reason why I shouldn’t open up the tax books and take those same loopholes for a similar ride.

If you know very little about tax deductions for writers well then join the crowd. I would venture to guess that you have a lot of company, but in this case ignorance is not bliss. We really need to begin your education, and the first thing we need to do is define writing as an occupation.

Capone learned the hard way about tax evasion
Capone learned the hard way about tax evasion | Source

The Writer in the Tax World

Believe it or not, intent is the main determining factor with regards to writing and taxes. You can either be a hobby writer or a full-time writer but you can’t be both.

A hobby writer is one who writes just for enjoyment and an occasional money-making venture. If this describes you, then you can only deduct expenses to the extent of your income. In other words, let’s say you make $2000 in writing income this year. Your expenses for that writing totaled $2200. You would only be able to use $2000 in expenses. You could not write off $2200 against other income.

A full-time writer is one who earns their entire income from writing, or one who is working towards becoming a full-time writer. In other words, you can have a full-time job working in a warehouse, but be working hard in your off hours at writing with the intent of being a full-time writer, and you can declare yourself a full-time writer. If this is the case then you can declare writing as an occupation by filing Schedule C and take deductions which will apply to all income that you make.

Believe it or not, this is the honor system between you and the IRS, but you better be able to back up your claims should an audit happen. If you show five or more years of losses from a business activity then you can count on meeting your local IRS agent up close and personal.

So How Do You Prove It?

How do you prove something as nebulous as intent? The quick answer is that there is no easy, foolproof way, but there are some things you can do to help your cause.

  • Keep business records
  • Maintain a separate checking account for your writing business
  • Attend writing classes, seminars and workshops and keep receipts
  • Advertise and network
  • Set up a writing website or blog
  • Obtain a business license
  • Give your writing business a name
  • Write a business plan
  • Of course, keep receipts

No, it is not necessary to do all of these, but the more you do the more you prove intent and move further away from the “hobby” label.

The Nature of Deductions

So, what qualifies as a deduction for writers? Again we are dealing with IRS language. The Internal Revenue Service uses a guideline called “ordinary and necessary” when judging business expenses.

The question to ask yourself is this: would you incur that expense if you didn’t need it for your writing business? If the answer is no then you are in good shape when considering it a deduction.

Because these are such nebulous guidelines, what is a deduction for one business may not be for another. A subscription to People Magazine might be normal for a dentist’s office. The same subscription would be a stretch for your writing office….unless you can show that you use other magazines as a guide in your writing, to see the style of other writers and to see what certain magazines are looking for.

In other words, intent!

Your office is tax deductible
Your office is tax deductible | Source
Travel expenses if related to your writing are deductible
Travel expenses if related to your writing are deductible | Source

So, What Can Be Deducted?

First let’s talk about your home office. Do you have a home office?

You can deduct a home office expense if you use that space exclusively for writing and it is your principal place of business. Now I’m not going to tell you to cheat on this one, but it is a pretty shaky guideline that is very hard to disprove.

I am assuming that all writers have a particular place in their home where they write. If you have a separate room for writing then declare that your office. If you have a room that serves a dual purpose, like a writing office and a rec room, then declare that portion of the room used for writing as your office.

How do you do that?

Measure the area that is your office….let’s say it measures 10x10, which is 100 square feet. Now take the square footage of your entire house….say 2000 square feet….that means that 5% of your home expenses can be deducted for your writing business.

That percentage can be applied to rent or mortgage, property taxes, homeowner’s or renter’s insurance, utilities, repairs, maintenance and others. You can also write off the office furniture, so I’m talking about the twenty year old desk that you use and the chair that you sit on.

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Useful ideas on deductions

Other Business Expenses

Travel, meals and entertainment. A word of warning about these three: the IRS has been burned before and they are on the lookout for anyone stretching the laws of probability with regards to travel, meals and entertainment.

If you think you can take your family out to dinner and write it off as a business expense, then you better be ready for the wrath of the IRS. If, however, you take someone who you are interviewing for an article to dinner, then write that puppy off as a legitimate expense. Just make sure you keep receipts and also keep the article as proof. Similarly, if you go to a writer’s conference in Topeka and spend money on airlines and hotels, keep all receipts, keep all information from the conference and cross-reference them as added proof.

Again, we are talking about clear business purpose and intent, and although those again are nebulous in nature, the IRS will come a’knockin’ if they think you left nebulous behind and entered the world of fantasy.

Capital Assets

Think computers, vehicles, cell phones and the like, and also remember that many of these items have dual-purposes that can overlap and cause problems. Do you only use a particular computer for writing and nothing else? If so, then the expense of that computer is a legitimate expense. Do you have a separate cell phone just for your writing business? Fantastic and no problem.

If you are deducting mileage for your writing business, as in a 100 mile drive to interview someone, then by all means deduct the mileage, but again, have it documented. Beginning odometer, ending odometer, keep it all in a business log with the purpose of each trip also mentioned. The IRS loves documentation, and the more you have the better your chances should you ever be audited.

So There You Have It

You have just received a crash course on a very difficult subject, but the basics are here for you to at least get started. You can always order online the IRS publications on business expenses, and if you are really into reading there are several good books that will go into much more detail. However, follow the general rule of intent and you will be in good shape should the IRS come calling.

2013 William D. Holland (aka billybuc)

“Helping writers to spread their wings and fly.”

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    • Janine Huldie profile image

      Janine Huldie 4 years ago from New York, New York

      Ok, this was simply awesome. I knew quite a bit of this from now doing this over a year and finally beginning to make a profit, but really thank you for sharing. Really appreciate it and have pinned to refer back to if I need in the future, too. And of course shared and voted, too. Hope you are having a great Monday!!

    • Sheri Faye profile image

      Sheri Dusseault 4 years ago from Chemainus. BC, Canada

      Good one Bill. I am Canadian but our rules are similar to yours. Since I have been running a biz for many years I am aware of tax rules and how you can save big bucks by being very careful with taxes.

    • Michele Travis profile image

      Michele Travis 4 years ago from U.S.A. Ohio

      Hi Bill, I write for fun sometimes. Sometimes I write because I am sad. I never write for money, my writing is not that good.

      My parents voted for Nixon, then they were mad. They told me to vote for someone who does not lie. At that point in time they did not have the internet. People can use the internet now. But, I am going to stop yacking now. I am kind of tired.

      Voted up, my friend. See you soon.

      Michele

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Janine, I have no doubt that you know these things, but I think there are a great many writers starting out who have no clue, and I would hate to see them pay money that they didn't have to. :) Thank you my friend and Happy Anniversary.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Sheri, there is good money to be saved for sure. I'm glad you are aware of this. Best wishes for a wonderful week ahead.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Michele, thanks so much for stopping by and yacking. :) You are always welcome.

    • profile image

      DJ Anderson 4 years ago

      Useful information, Bill.

      Hopefully it will help many get on top of the tax situation

      before they find themselves on the bottom of the tax situation.

      Me?? I'm still looking for my water wings.

      Great hub, Bill.

      DJ.

    • Ronna Pennington profile image

      Ronna Pennington 4 years ago from Arkansas

      I always enjoyed preparing my own taxes, but after deciding to write full time I was afraid to do my own. I use an accountant now and your advice is dead-on with what he said. I need to advertise more -- thanks for that reminder!

    • bravewarrior profile image

      Shauna L Bowling 4 years ago from Central Florida

      Bill, when taking a client to lunch, dinner, etc. it is important to write the name of the client on the back of the receipt and mention what was discussed. I learned this when I worked construction accounting. Oftentimes, the principals would turn in lunch receipts without this info. Undefined 'entertainment' expenses will be disallowed in an audit.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Sha, I had no doubt you would weigh in on this hub. :)

      Thanks for catching the typos, buddy, and have a great day.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thanks for the confirmation, Ronna! Advertising is a tough one...so few writers actually have any money to advertise. Thankfully the internet makes it possible to do so and not spend money.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      DJ, I'm sure I saw your wings sitting around somewhere....I'll keep looking and let you know when I stumble across them. :)

      Have a great day my friend and thank you!

    • profile image

      Old Poolman 4 years ago

      Bill - It is very sad, but the IRS dictates a great deal on how we are forced to run a business. Some really good business decisions must be tabled because it would kill us on taxes. Corporations and Special Interest groups are able to purchase tax deductions that apply only for themselves. They pay a lobbyist to wine & dine or outright bribe the politicians that can make this happen. The bribes of course are in the form of Campaign contributions or else it would be illegal. Or all expense paid luxury vacations in lieu of Campaign contributions.

      A flat tax would level the tax playing field for all of us, but it will never happen. Companies such as H&R Block will fight any change in the tax structure to the death as this change would put them out of business.

      Like you and most others, I have never disagreed with paying my fair share of taxes to keep this country running. What hurts is all of our tax dollars that are wasted, stolen, or given away to countries that hate us.

      I love your hubs and the information you provide to others who may decide to become professional writers.

    • Radcliff profile image

      Liz Davis 4 years ago from Hudson, FL

      Only you could hold my interest throughout an entire article on taxes.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Lizzy, that is high praise indeed. :) You are a true friend to hang in there through this boring crap. LOL

    • Austinstar profile image

      Austinstar 4 years ago from Somewhere in the universe

      Wish you had written this before April 15! But better late than never. It's actually early for next year so I can start planning now.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 4 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Tax Deductions and Considerations For Writers, a useful, informative and well explained hub on this topic you do it the best.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Poolman, our playing field is so unlevel some of us have permanent vertigo. LOL I know the solutions but as you said, they will never happen. To me it's all about community and what we can do to help each other on a local basis. Those in DC can fight for their millions and the rest of us will take care of each other.

      Thank you my friend. Stay cool in Arizona if that is possible. :)

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Austin, the early bird catches the worm, or in this case, the helpful deduction. :) Thanks for the visit.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      DDE, that is very sweet of you and I thank you. I'm all for helping each other out during this journey of life.

    • Jo_Goldsmith11 profile image

      Jo_Goldsmith11 4 years ago

      You are my miracle and Inspiration for today! Thank you so much for sharing this information! Now, I can move on in a serious capacity of just *hobby* to a Intentional full time writer*! :)

      Thank you so much Bill! Shared, tweeted and Up +++

      So cool! :) saved this for reference too. :)

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Jo, you brought a smile to my face. I love it when my articles are deemed worthwhile. Thanks for that and good luck with those deductions.

      blessings always

      bill

    • whonunuwho profile image

      whonunuwho 4 years ago from United States

      Nicely done and quite useful for all writers. Thank you for this very informative info, my friend. whonu

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 4 years ago from southern USA

      Very informative and important hub here dearest Bill!

      Maybe one day I will have to worry about such, when the money from writing comes rolling in LOL

      Until then, I will keep your most informative hub handy to review.

      It is a subject that most do not like to discuss, but must !!!

      Voted up ++ and sharing

      Blessings, Faith Reaper

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thanks whonu....I always appreciate you stopping by.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Faith, the money does not have to roll in to use these deductions....you might as well use some of them and help your tax situation....remember, all it takes is intent to one day be a full-time writer. :)

      I'll be by to see your new hub shortly.

      blessings,

      bill

    • DeborahNeyens profile image

      Deborah Neyens 4 years ago from Iowa

      I have a dedicated home office and took the deduction for it for the first time this year. I don't recall what the actual percentage of my total home it is, but going with your 5% example, I was surprised to find out that I could deduct 5% of my utility bills, 5% of my roof repair costs, 5% of my homeowners insurance, 5% of my homeowners association fees, etc. It was a pain gathering all the info needed to complete the form, but it really was worth it when I got a big tax refund check! I'd encourage everyone who works from home to look into it; just do a better job than I did of keeping records throughout the year.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thanks for sharing your experience, Deb, and you are right...it is a pain, but man oh man does it ever make a difference with the final tax burden. :)

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 4 years ago from The Caribbean

      Thanks for the scoop. Very good information to know. Left to you, Bill, we'll really know our business as writers! Thanks again!

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Dora, I have no idea what the tax situation is in Saint Kitts, but I hope this can help you in some way. Thanks for stopping by.

    • ladydeonne profile image

      Deonne Anderson 4 years ago from Florence, SC

      This is great information. I will use it when I file in 2014. Every penny helps. Thanks!

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 4 years ago from The Beautiful South

      I hope they do away with the IRS, the cheaters and discriminators! Look how much we are paying for them to party and buy online friends and vacation and...well, we need a set % for everyone to pay on every dollar we make. Everyone, so the poor pay according to what they make and so do the rich. Look at all the billions we could save paying these losers for nothing but to intimidate tax payers. What is taking so long for the law to get them?

      Ok, nice write and some great information, billy. I always just counted all the rent. lol Got that one by them didn't I?

      ^

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Lady, it really does add up at the end of the year. Good luck and thanks for stopping by.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Jackie, of course you are talking about a flat tax rate and believe me, it will never happen in this country as long as the rich are making the laws....oops, I meant the our representatives of course. LOL What a joke...our representatives....I would like to meet a politician who actually has my best interests at heart.

      Hey, now I just ranted and it felt good. :)

    • hawaiianodysseus profile image

      Hawaiian Odysseus 4 years ago from Southeast Washington state

      I think my Hub browser thingamajig took a trip to the Twilight Zone this afternoon. I clicked on the link to your article, only to receive a 404 message or something similar indicating that either HP or you had pulled the article. Later, in my feed, I saw a comment you had made in response to someone else, and so I went back to my slush pile, pulled the notification up, and this time, it worked! Go figure!

      All that to say, thank you for a pragmatic article about a very important subject. I'm very familiar with the long arm of Uncle Sam come tax time, and I am OCD with record-keeping, even if old fashioned in my methods (all by hand and nothing with software). So far, it's turned out okay.

      Thanks for doing a great job with this, Bill! Hopefully, no more Twilight Zone detours for me tomorrow. (Please ignore the email of concern that I sent you. The glitch has been resolved. LOL!) Aloha!

      Joe

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Hey Joe,

      Nothing wrong with your feed buddy. The HP powers flagged it as being self-serving.....I'm still laughing at that one. Luckily I don't care what HP thinks, so I sent it right back to them for reconsideration. Six hours later they okayed it. What a joke!

      Yes, you are a writer and yes, you need to take deductions. :) Anyone who writes as often as you do is a full-time writer, and you can write off five years of losses before the IRS will care.

      I hope you have a great week, buddy. Thanks as always for stopping by.

      Aloha

      bill

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 4 years ago from Southern Illinois

      Since i don't write for profit, i'm unable to deduct anything, but to those who do, more power to you. I wouldn't feel badly about deducting anything. The wealthy deducts giving a pair of used panties to Goodwill, how sad. Great hub Bill. I'm sure you have helped many with this hub...

    • Gail Meyers profile image

      Gail Meyers 4 years ago from United States

      Another great hub, Bill. This is helpful information to have. I am going to bookmark it for future reference (when I'm making money...lol).

    • phoenix2327 profile image

      Zulma Burgos-Dudgeon 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Much of this applies here in the UK. I need to make a point of documenting expenses. Thanks for the reminder.

    • pstraubie48 profile image

      Patricia Scott 4 years ago from sunny Florida

      Phew...I don't have to worry about this tax issue..but I know that others are glad you have shared it so they can benefit from this information.

      I hope you have a lovely week this week ...

      my Friend...

      and know that Angels are on the way to you and your family :)ps

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Ruby, I hope it has helped many. Legal deductions are fine for writers and should be taken. Thanks for the visit my friend.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thanks Gail; you can actually take deductions before you make money. :)

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      My pleasure, Phoenix! It's always nice to see you my friend.

    • tillsontitan profile image

      Mary Craig 4 years ago from New York

      This is not only great information sensei but can save a lot of aggravation down the line. Document, document, then document again.

      It is good however, to know what we need to document!

      Voted up, useful, interesting and shared.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Mary, I hope this saves you a few dollars down the road. Thanks for stopping by my devoted friend.

    • cleaner3 profile image

      cleaner3 4 years ago from Pueblo, Colorado

      great information ..again bill .. you are the encyclopedia of hubpages ..filled with so much knowledge. !

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Michael, thank you very much my friend. I love helping writers as they have helped me over the years.

    • phdast7 profile image

      Theresa Ast 4 years ago from Atlanta, Georgia

      Very informative, very helpful. Hope you re having a great day! Theresa

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thanks Theresa! I am having a great day and I admit to being a bit lazy today. :) I hope you are enjoying yours as well my friend.

      bill

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 4 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      Nobody likes tax time, as you say, but this is definite knowledge that will be required for it. These are the same kinds of deductions for any kind of business where a home office is involved.

    • Natashalh profile image

      Natasha 4 years ago from Hawaii

      Very useful guide! People seem to get pretty confused about home office deductions - I think worrying about that is one of my main concerns, actually! So far I haven't even tried to file for it, but I've been planning ahead for the future.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Deb, they are the same rules, but for some reason, many writers don't consider themselves in business and don't take the deductions. I think they are missing out big time.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Natasha, if you are making money, or even trying to make money, then go for it......if writing is an ambition of yours then you have passed the first IRS test. :)

    • vkwok profile image

      Victor W. Kwok 4 years ago from Hawaii

      Thanks for the very useful hub!

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I appreciate the visit, vkwok!

    • heidithorne profile image

      Heidi Thorne 4 years ago from Chicago Area

      I've always been told that the IRS cannot tell you how to run your business. So what may seem odd as a deduction for some, may be perfectly appropriate for another. So to the above tips (which are all good ones), I would add that getting a good CPA and/or bookkeeper that you use EVERY YEAR is one of the best investments you can ever make. I've been using the same one for almost two decades and they really "get" my business which does include writing and several other things.

      Especially look for CPAs that specialize in small business. Usually CPAs in this arena are at local networking and chamber of commerce events. Also ask for referrals from business friends.

      Accounting help is not a commodity and it doesn't help your cause to jump from firm to firm to save a few bucks. This is a serious business expense that writers--yes, writers--need to seriously consider. But then that goes back to my "writing is business" mantra/rant. Sorry, couldn't help myself.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Heidi, you can rant any old time you want here. I am going gray trying to get people to realize that writing is a business and should be treated as such. There is money to be made and money to be saved, but first things first....writing is a business if you are trying to make money at it. There is no other way to treat it.

      Thanks my friend.

    • MrsBrownsParlour profile image

      Lurana Brown 4 years ago from Chicagoland, Illinois

      Helpful topic, thank you! Your advice about running writing like a business is a much-needed perspective for most of us hobby writers.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Lurana, it's all about intent. If you intend to be a full-time writer then in the eyes of the IRS you are a full-time writer. Take those deductions my friend.

    • alocsin profile image

      alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

      As a freelancer, I've taken advantage of all the deductions you mention and they can make a difference in what you keep as income. The only one I haven't done is trying to calculate my office use because that is just a portion of the room. I didn't want to give the IRS any reason to audit me. Voting this Up and Useful.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Aurelio, I have no doubt that you understand the message in this hub. Thanks for verifying these points.

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona

      Interesting as I don't think writers often think about these mundanethings. I know you have to be very careful with deductions. For me it is just a few things...However, how many people use a computer just for writing. I use my computer at least 4-5 hours a day for writing which of course includes researching etc. But..you know the emails, etc....I think deducting a room in the house can get tricky...and have heard of problems with that. Thanks for sharing this for writers..most important..sharing and pinning in your section.

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Carol, there will always be those who overdo the deductions...I have deducted a writing room for two years now, but I have been very reasonable in doing so. If it is in the rules and I'm not trying to take advantage then I have no problem with it.

      Thanks my friend and have a great Sunday.

    • Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

      Glimmer Twin Fan 3 years ago

      I am definitely bookmarking and sharing this so that if, and hopefully when, I ever make enough from my writing for taxes to matter I will have this to refer to. Extremely useful hub Bill!

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Glimmer, there is definitely money to be saved and I hope you get to the point soon where you actually have to do this. :)

    • VVanNess profile image

      Victoria Van Ness 3 years ago from Prescott Valley

      This was very helpful Billy! I was just sitting down to do taxes myself and got excited at seeing your article. Thanks!

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Don't cheat yourself, Victoria. You are entitled to these deductions if you are a writer. :) Glad I could help and thank you.

    • Iris Draak profile image

      Cristen Iris 2 years ago from Boise, Idaho

      We just met with our accountant today. This information is still spot on and is a great starting point. It's also worth an hour and your accountant's fee to discuss your specific situation so everyone's on the same page from the beginning. I also asked her about internet costs. Yep, that's a deduction too so long as, just as you mentioned, you keep a rough estimate of how much you use it for business and only claim that percentage. Very useful. Voted up!

    • billybuc profile image
      Author

      Bill Holland 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Iris, I'm glad the accountant agrees with me. I feel better knowing that. :) Seriously!

      Thank you!

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