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Titans and Olympians

Updated on September 3, 2016
Khoas/Chaos  First from nothing
Khoas/Chaos First from nothing | Source

Greek Creation Story

The Greeks in their explanation of the creation of the world. Created an elaborate genealogy of gods and goddesses.

“In the beginning there was Chaos, an empty space. From chaos were born Earth, Night and Day. From Earth were born the mountains, the sea, and the Sky-Uranus, the first god. From Uranus and Earth 13 children were born the titans. Uranus was afraid that one day, one of his children would take over his throne.

Every one of the children, when he or she was born, Uranus would throw them in a deep cave. One of his children Kronos, the youngest one, was very smart and decisive. He escaped and with the help of his mother (Gaia) took the throne from Uranus. After he freed his brothers and sisters, with their help, he became the Ruler of the World.” (one version of Greek Mythology)

In the beginning there was Chaos, the first god, its name means big, empty, black, nothingness, void and empty space. Along with Chaos were:

  • Chaos/Khaos-air

  • Gaia-earth

  • Eros-Love

  • Tartarus-stormy pit/Hell

  • Kronos-time

  • Ananke-compulsion

  • Hydros-fresh water

  • Thesis-creation

  • Phusis-nature

.

Gaia (Terra) 2nd from nothing
Gaia (Terra) 2nd from nothing | Source

Gaia's Lineage - The Titans

We will follow only Gaia’s lineage for this is the most well-known.

Born to Gaia, virgin births, were:

  • Uranus (Ouranos)-the sky

  • Mountains (Ourea)-gods of the mountains

  • Pontus/Pontos-the divinity of the Sea

  • The Nesoil-islands

  • Erinnyes- Nymphs (unknown how many)

    • Alecto-the unceasing

    • Megaera-the grudging

    • Tisiphone-the vengeful destruction

Also at the same time as Erinnyes came the Ash Tree Nymphs/Meliae

We will follow only Uranus lineage. The cyclopes, Hecantoncheires, Erinnyes, and the Ash Tree Nymphs/Meliae are sons and daughters of Gaia and Uranus, but not Titans.

  • Three cyclopes:

    • Arges (thunderbolt)

    • Steropes (lightening)

    • Brontes (thunder)

Storm gods (first smiths)

Gaia copulated with her son Uranus and gave birth to twelve gods and goddesses who are called the Titans: (there is a second generation of Titans listed below)

  • Cronus/Kronos-Ruling Titan

  • Rhea-The Mother of gods, queen of heaven, mother of female fertility

  • Coeus-Titan of Intelligence, the piercer (Illiad)

  • Phoebe-Titan of Prophecy an Oracular Intellect, goddess of intellect

  • Oceanus-Titan of Oceans

  • Tethys-Titan of Rivers

  • Crius- Titan god of the south

  • Hyperion-Titan of Light and god of the east, The High One

  • Mnemosyne-Titan of memory/Mother of Muses, goddess of memory and remembrances

  • Themis-Titan of Justice and Order/Mother of Fates and Seasons

  • Iapetus (Japetus)-Titan of mortality-god of the west

  • Thela-Titan of the Sun and Moon

Eight of these children became couples/pairs:

The Titans
The Titans | Source

Cronus/Kronos and Rhea

The lineage of Cronus and Rhea, Coeus and Phoebe, Oceanus and Tethys will be followed. The couple Hyperion and Themis will not be followed.

Cronus/Kronos and Rhea had six children:

  • Hestia-goddess of the hearth

  • Hades-god of the underworld

  • Demeter-goddess of the harvest

  • Poseidon-god of the sea

  • Hera-queen of the gods

  • Zeus-king of the gods

Coeus and Phoebe

Coeus and Phoebe had two children: Do not understand the counterpart statement. Does that mean they were twins? That they have dual personalities?

  • Leto-disputed/counterpart Lelantos

  • Asteria (Delos)-goddess of nocturnal/counterpart Aura

Oceanus and Tethys

Oceanus and Tethys had at least 3,000 children:

  • Potamoi-river gods

  • Metis-wise counselor

  • 3,000 daughters-nymphs (Dione, mother of Aphrodies, Clymene/Asia, Okeanides, Telesto, Styx, and more)

Iapetus (Japetus) and Clymene

Iapetus(Japetus), the Titan, takes to wife Clymene daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Iapetus and Clymene had four children:

  • Atlas-Titan who held the world on his shoulders

  • Menoetius-god of rash action

  • Prometheus-god of forethought

  • Epimetheus-god of afterthought

Zeus and Hera
Zeus and Hera | Source

Hera and Zeus

We will follow: Hera and Zeus’s lineage (children of Cronus/Kronos and Rhea).

Hera and Zeus had five children:

  • Ares-god of war

  • Hebe-goddess of eternal youth

  • Eileithyia (Ilithyia, Lucina, Eleuthia)-goddess of childbirth

  • Hepaestus-god of fire

  • Eris (Enyo)-goddess of chaos, goddess of war

Zeus' children by other women

Zeus had 25 children by other women:

  • Aeacus-ruler of island of Aegina (mother Aegina-daughter or river god Asopus)

  • Athena-goddess of wisdom (mother Metis, daughter of Oceanus and Tethys)

  • Apollo-god of music (mother Leto, daughter of Cocus and Phoebe)

  • Artemis-goddess of hunting-twin sister of Apollo

  • Aprodite-goddess of love and beauty (mother Dione-Titan oracular)

  • Dardanus –founder of Darnaia (mother Electra-daughter of Atlas)

  • Dionysis-god of grape harvest (mother Semele-mortal)

  • Hermes-god of commerce (mother Maia-daughter of Atlas, a nymph)

  • Heracles-gatekeeper of Olympus (mother Alcmene-mortal)

  • Helen of Troy (Sparta)-Trojan War (mother Leda(swan) daughter of King Aetolian) They have discovered that the city Troy was a real city.

  • Perseus-founder of Mycenae (mother Danae, princess of Arges)

  • Persephone-queen of the underworld, wife of Hades (mother Demeter)

  • Minos-King of Crete (Minotaurs) (mother Europa-Phoenician mortal)

  • The Muses-(9) (mother Memosyne-goddess of memory)

  1. Cilo

  2. Euterpe

  3. Thalia

  4. Melopoeni

  5. Terpsichore

  6. Erato

  7. Polymnia

  8. Ourania

  9. Calliope

They are inspiration for creativeness.

  • The Graces (3) (mother Eurynome-3rd wife of Zeus-goddess of meadow, daughter of king Nisus)

  1. Aglaia-brightness

  2. Euphrosyne-joyfulness

  3. Thalia-bloom

The Lineage goes on, but Eros and Achilles are the most noted. Eros parents were Aphrodite and Ares. He was the god of love or cupid. Achilles of Achilles’ heel was the grandson of Tethys and Oceanus, his mother, a nymph named Thetis and his father was a friend of Hercules, son of Aegina and king of the Myrmidons.

Atlas- one of the second generation Titans
Atlas- one of the second generation Titans | Source

Second generation Titans

The second generation of Titans:

  • Prometheus-Wisest Titan (son of Iapetus and Clymene)

  • Epimetheus-Stupid Titan (son of Iapetus and Clymene)

  • Atlas-Titan of Astronomy and Navigation (son of Iapetus and Clymene)

  • Menoeitus-Titan god of rash action (son of Iapetus and Clymene)

  • Metis-Titaness of Wisdom (daughter of Oceanus and Tethys)

  • Dione-Titaness of Water (daughter of Oceanus and Tethys)

  • Styx-goddess of prehistoric roots (daughter of Oceanus and Tethys)

  • Helios-God of the Sun (Son of Hyperion and Theia)

  • Selene-goddess of the Moon (daughter of Hyperion and Theia)

  • Eos-god of the dawn (son of Hyperion and Theia)

  • Leto-goddess of motherhood (daughter of Coeus and Phoebe) and her counterpart Lelantos

  • Asteria-goddess of nocturnal oracles and falling stars (daughter of Coeus and Phoebe)

  • Astraeus-Titan god of the dusk (son of Crius and Eurybia*)

  • Pallas-Titan god of the Warcraft (son of Crius and Eurybia)

  • Persus-Titan god of destruction (son of Crius and Eurybia)

  • Melisseus-god of honey and beekeeping (King of Crete)

  • Olmbros/Lambros-associated with Greek Easter

  • Ophion-king of heaven (husband of Euynome)

  • Euynome-queen of heaven, goddess of the meadow- 3rd wife of Zeus

  • Rhode-sea goddess (daughter of Poseidon and Amphitrite)

*goddess of the sea’s force and daughter of Pontus and Gaia.

The Olympians
The Olympians | Source

The Olympians

Twelve of these are considered major deities of the Greek Pantheon (Olympian Gods). They conquered the Titans to rule the world. They are:

  • Zeus

  • Hera

  • Poseidon

  • Hades

  • Hestia

  • Athena

  • Artemis

  • Apollo

  • Aphrodite

  • Hephaestus

  • Ares

  • Hermes

Greek gods, the consolations and astrological signs

Greek god names are used in the naming of the consolations and the basis of astrological signs:

  • Hermes-Mercury-Gemini and Virgo-Wednesday

  • Aphrodite-Venus-Libra and Taurus-Friday

  • Terra/Gaia-Earth

  • Ares-Mars-Aries and Scorpio-Tuesday

  • Zeus-Jupiter-Pisces and Sagittarius-Thursday

  • Saturn-Cronus/Kronos – Aquarius and Capricorn - Saturday

  • Uranus-Uranus-Aquarius

  • Poseidon-Neptune-Pisces

  • Hades-Pluto-Scorpio

The days of the week being seven were the seven consolations seen with the naked eye. They were made up of five wandering stars, the sun and the moon.

  • Sun-Leo-Sunday

  • Moon-Cancer-Monday

There are many more Greek gods and deities who lineage is not followed in this article and many for which we have no names. The Greek left plenty of room for change with the 3,000 daughters of Oceanus and Tethys. With each of the names listed above there is a Greek story that goes with it. Some of the characters are found in the oldest books known to man, the Illiad and the Odyssey. This what should be a complete list of the Titans and Olympians.

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    • CYong74 profile image

      Kuan Leong Yong 17 months ago from Singapore

      This is very informative and detailed. Very useful for writers too.

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