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Tulsidas, the great Indian poet and his epic - Ramcharitmanas

Updated on February 12, 2020
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Umesh is a freelance writer contributing his creative writings on varied subjects in various knowledge and educational sites in internet.

Tulsidas writing Ramcharitmanas
Tulsidas writing Ramcharitmanas | Source

Introduction

Tulsidas, the great Indian poet had his full name as Goswami Tulsidas. The story of lord Rama was long back narrated in the epic Ramayana by the saint Valmiki. As Ramayana was in the Sanskrit language which was supposed to be the language of the elite class, it was not popular with the masses. It was the foresight and intelligence of the Tulsidas that he rewrote the whole story in his own style in a local dialect (Awadhi) in an elaborate and friendly language which was easily understood by the general public. This was something unprecedented in the history of Indian literature which was otherwisepredominantly in Sanskrit language. The credit of bringing the religious story of lord Rama to the common Hindu dwelling goes to Tulsidas.

This made Tulsidas as the poet of the masses and people started to talk about him as if he was the incarnation of saint Valmiki and was especially blessed by lord Rama to write the poetry. There are many stories famous about the life of Tulsidas and his quest for writing about lord Rama. So those who want to read more about the poet might find some amazing and miraculous instances of his life but many of them are conjectural in their nature and should be taken in that way only.



Birth and life of Tulsidas

There is some difference of opinion between the scholars regarding the exact year and exact place of birth of Tulsidas but commonly it is attributed to a place known as Rajpur in the state of U.P. in India. He was born in a Hindu Brahmin family in the year 1532. His father was known as Atmaram Shukla Dube and mother was hulsi. Legend is that Tulsidas did not cry at his birth and in fact was born with full set of teeth intact in his mouth. It is also said that he uttered the word 'Rama' just after his birth. Anyway, these things are most of the times propagated by the ardent fans and followers and are not to be taken on their face values. Whatever be the exact reasons, Tulsidas was also known by the names Tulsiram and Rambola.

As per the historical data compiled by the scholars it is believed that due to the fear of some inauspicious astrological event, Tulsidas was abandoned by his parents and was given to a servant who also died after some time leaving Tulsidas again as an orphan. At a tender age of about 5 years he was adopted by a person called Narharidas, who was a disciple of Ramananda and Anantacharya, the great Vaishnava personalities. This was in fact a turning point in the life of Tulsidas as Nariharidas was the person who took him to the temples and other places for listening to the story of lord Rama and other discourses. Tulsidas had mentioned this phase of his life in the epic Ramcharitmanas.

In due course of time, Tulsidas got marrried with Ratnavali and loved his wife much and was attached to her so much that she one day told him that his too much passionate attachment to her was an impediment in his growth and it would had been better if he had put that indulgence in the worshipping of lord Rama for attainment of eternal bliss. I have tried to put the words of Ratnavali translated in a four liner just to convey the force and impact it had.


So much crazy you are,

For a body that is filthy.

Even with half of that passion,

You could attain spirituality.


These words shot like an arrow in the heart of Tulsidas and brought a phenomenal change in his life and he left his home and devoted the rest of his life in learning Sanskrit, reading the scriptures, visiting of sacred places and writing various books. He then settled in Varanasi in the state of U.P. as a poet and writer.

Biographers do not agree on the date of death of Tulsidas but it is commonly agreed that he died in the year1623.



"There are three all-powerful evils: lust, anger and greed."

- Tulsidas

His works

Ramcharitmanas is the most outstanding work of Tulsidas. The style of the poetry and its vastness is simply amazing. Though Ramcharitmanas is the major work of Tulsidas but apart from that he had other main works to his credit. These are -

1. Dohavali - Written in Braja and Awadhi dialect of Hindi language this is a collection of Dohas (A two line poetry with an obvious break in almost centre of both lines, that enables to chant or sing it nicely) and Sorthas (Another type of two line poetry where the latter half of each line is placed ahead of first half. The singer would make it out and sing it accordingly). There are a total of 573 two liners like this in this collection. Incidentally 85 Dohas of it are common with Ramcharitmanas.

2. Kavitavali - Written in Braja dialect, it is a huge collection of poems in seven volumes.

3. Gitavali - It comprises of 328 songs in Braja dialect and can be categorised under Hindustani classical music.

4. Krishna Gitavali or Krishnavali - This collection of 61Braja songs is dedicated to lord Krishna covering lord Krishna's childhood and young age.

5. Vinaya Patrika - It is one of the famous work of Tulsidas and comprises of 279 paras or stanzas. This mainly talks about the various Indian deities and lord Rama's court and courtiers.

Further, he had composed many small poems and stanzas among which Hanuman Chalisa is very popular and famous and many Hindu individuals remember it by heart. It is a prayer to lord Hanuman asking for his blessings to the individual.

Have you ever heard or read about the great Indian poet Tulsidas?

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About Ramcharitmanas

Ramcharitmanas is a poetic journey of the life of lord Rama. It is written in an organised poetic form so that people can sing it in a melodious manner. The group singing of this holy book is very popular in India and people time to time organise it in their own house or nearby temple or auditorium.

The story of Ramcharitmanas depicts the life of lord Rama encompassing his birth, childhood, marriage, exile to jungle, friendship with apes and monkeys, kidnapping of his wife Sita by demon Ravana, search for Sita, fight with Ravana and killing of Ravana, returning to home that is Ayodhya and finally ruling the country. Written in Awadhi dialect, one can easily understand it if one knows Hindi. It is a long and elaborate story of good versus evil and contains mesmerising presentation of attributes like respect, obedience, friendship, leadership, strategy, fighting skills, reputation, and many more.

There are 7 chapters in Ramcharitmanas known as Balakanda, Ayodhyakand, Aranyakand, Kishkindhakand, Sundarkand, Lankakand, and Uttarkand. Altogether there are 10902 numbers of verses in Ramcharitmanas. No doubt, it is a huge poetry.

Ramcharitmanas is a saga in poetry. A poetry which is well balanced in its structure. It is written in a precise and proper way so that it could be sung by the people who are interested in it. There is a proper observance of poetry and its grammer throughout the Ramcharitmanas. It is a flawless treatise depicting the life and activities of lord Rama in a poetic form.


Why Ramcharitmanas is so popular?

The story of lord Rama was also written by earlier scholars before Tulsidas but that was in Sanskrit language which was the language of the elite class and not of the common people. So, the story did not become much popular. It was only when Tulsidas wrote it in a common language Awadhi, which is a dialect of Hindi, that this story became very popular. As the story was in a poetic form having all rythms of a beautiful poem, people started to sing and chant it in different tunes which produced a melodious effect in the surrounding and increased its popularity day by day.

Another interesting thing is that this story has many small incidents narrated about other deities and religious figures of Hindu religion and that attracts the religious people to read it time and again in their lives. It has become for Hindus just like the bible is for the christian community.

Some excerpts from Ramcharitmanas

Ramcharitmanas is full of wisdom and knowledge. It contains beautiful lines on a myriad of subjects. I have compiled some of the translated quotes from it -

  • There is no sin as grievous as speaking ill of others.
  • There is no misery in this world as terrible as poverty.
  • There is no blessing as great as company with saints.
  • Before preaching others one should observe it.
  • Never underestimate your enemy.
  • Do not haste, think well before you act.
  • Non-violence is the highest religion.
  • Infatuation is the root of all ailments.
  • Valour and fortitude are the wheels of the victorious chariot.
  • Truth is the highest Dharma (duty or religion).
  • Happiness and sorrow alternate in one's life.
  • Grief destroys one's courage. There is no enemy greater than grief.
  • Conduct is the best proof of character.
  • Promises made are to be kept.


References

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulsidas&hl=en-IN

2. http://www.varanasi.org.in/tulsi-das&hl=en-IN

3. https://www.learnreligions.com/goswami-tulsidas-bio-1770341

4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramcharitmanas&hl=en-IN

5. https://www.indiaforums.com/forum/topic/1077540&hl=en-IN

6. https://www.speakingtree.in/

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Umesh Chandra Bhatt

Comments

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    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      2 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      R P Bhatt, thanks for your detailed comments. Highly appreciate.

    • profile image

      R P Bhatt 

      2 months ago

      A wonderful, concised and simplified commentary on the Ramcharitmanas, a lucid and precise meaning for all those who has western education background and even being hindu never been lucky in their childhood to sit in the company of people reciting Ramayana in musical form.

      The new generation may be motivated by such great work done by Sri Umesh a scholar and writer believing in evidenced based writings.

      I congratulate him for continuously busy in contributing on many interesting, meaningful and purposeful areas of human concern.

      Dr R P Bhatt

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      2 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Sharmaji, thanks a lot.

    • profile image

      Dr.pbk sharma 

      2 months ago

      Good job Bhattji

      In South Tulsidasji's Hanuman Chalisa

      is very very popular and Chalisa is ardently prayed by many many devotees

      It cured diseases bestowes comfort

      to the aggrieved and many more

      favoured

      Good job sir

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      2 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Vij, thanks a lot for your good words.

    • profile image

      Desh Deepak Vij 

      2 months ago

      An interesting article by Mr. UC Bhatt on Goswami Tulsi Das and his famous work - Ramcharitmanas. I had read this holy scripture during my childhood.

      I wish to compliment Bhatt ji for having developed a very nice hobby. This is the second article by Bhatt ji which I have gone through. The first one was about some public park developed in his neighbourhood.

      Congratulations Bhatt saheb and my best wishes for continuing with this new found interest.

      All the very best!

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      2 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Anand, thanks a lot for your words of encouragement.

    • profile image

      S K Anand 

      2 months ago

      Gone through the detailed article and was very impressed with the contents and information it revealed about Sh Tulsidas ji and his contribution to our great nation. Though I couldn't go through Ram Charitra Manas in true sense, got lot of useful information about it and other literary work of Tulsidasji in simple language.

      I liked most, the important quotes from Ram Charitra Manas, which can help in guiding our life. Thanks Mr Bhatt for doing so much effort in putting across lot of useful information. Please continue your endeavours in your beautiful writingd as it is helping so many of us. Thanks and best wishes.

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      2 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Sudhir, thanks a lot.

    • profile image

      Sudhir Pant 

      2 months ago

      Very well articulated glimpse of Tulsidas ji. Although , we knew some facts about him , however this article covers diligently him as well as some of his great work. Thanks for such a good insight !! Look forward to next post.

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      3 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Anurag, thanks for your nice comment and good words. Appreciate.

    • profile image

      Anurag 

      3 months ago

      Highly copious article written which enlightens us with the eminent work by Tulsidasji.

      It not only inspires the Hindu religion but also aids wisdom among people of varied caste, creed and religion.

      Appreciate the article a lot.

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      3 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Satish Munshi, thanks a lot for your encouraging words. Really appreciate.

    • profile image

      SATISH MUNSHI 

      3 months ago

      Nicely written article on Poet Tulsidas covering briefly his early life and his great contribution in translating valmiki Ramayana written in Sanaskrit to Hindi popular dialect AWADHI as Ramcharitmanas and popularizing among huge hindi speaking population.The article also touches upon the other literary &poetic works penned down by him.

      Excellent job done and keep it up sir.

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      3 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Sangita, thanks for your good words. Appreciate. It is true that this great epic is a treasure house of wisdom and has something for everyone.

    • profile image

      Sangita 

      3 months ago

      Very nice article. I specially like the translation of the poetry by ratnavali. Incidentally, I am chanting Sunderkand for my bed ridden mother in law everyday nowadays

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      3 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Nikki, thanks for visiting and also for your valuable comment. Appreciate.

    • nikkikhan10 profile image

      Nikki Khan 

      3 months ago from London

      Impressive and comprehensive!

      I didn't know about Tulsidas before. Rama's character and his aspects are valuable and heart-touching. I have watched his story on tele. Great epic.

      Thanks for sharing this huge knowledge with us, Umesh.

    • bhattuc profile imageAUTHOR

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      3 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Manatita44, thanks for your appreciation and good words. Indian philisophy and religion has many outstanding vistas of learning and I have tried to touch only a small part of that. I am so happy that you liked the presentation and the summary sketch about the great Indian poet.

      I also take this opportunity to be amazed by your knowledge of these oriental learnings. Appreciate and kudos to you.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 

      3 months ago from london

      A brilliant job done on the great Seer Tulsidas. He is immortal like the ones he wrote about. Yoga usually list five cardinal vices, that is to say, the major ones. You have covered three: Lust (Kama), anger (Krodha), and greed (Lobo). The other two are : ego (Ahamkara) and attachment (Moha)

      You're doing a great service bro. carry on!

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