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TOEFL IELTS - USEFUL PHRASES
I don’t think we’ve met before.
ON SOME ONE’S BIRTHDAY
Many Happy returns of the day.
Wish you a happy birthday.
ON THE PHONE
May I speak to…Please ?
Just a moment please ?
Can I take a message ?
I’ll ask him/her to ring you.
Sorry. I’ve got the wrong number.
Could you say that again, please ?
What does this means, Please ?
I don’t understand this.
How do you spell..?
How do you pronounce this, please ?
Is this correct, please?
DIRECTIONS IN THE STREET
Excuse me, could you tell me where …….is please ?
Excuse me, is there a ….. near here, please?
Take the first turning on the left/right.
It’s straight ahead.
SENDING A GREETING TO SOME ONE
Give me regards to…
Remember me to……
ON (OR JUST AFTER) JANUARY Ist.
Happy New Year.
Thank you, The same to you.
A guide to pronunciation is given for any word that is difficult to pronounce, or difficult to recognize when read, or spelt the same as another word but pronounced differently.
The sounds represented are as follows "
a as in cat I as in pin r as in red
a as in ago I as in pencil s as in sit
ah as in calm I as in eye sh as in shop
air as in hair j as in jam t as in top
ar as in bar k a sin king th as in thin
aw as in law i as in leg th as in thins
ay as in say m as in man u as in cup
b as in bat n as in not us as in circus
ch as in chin ng as in sing uu as in book
d as in day nk as in thank v as in van
e as in bed o as in top w as in will
e as in taken o as in lemon y as in yes
ee as in meet oh as in most you as in unit
eer as in beer oi as in join yoor as in Europe
er as in her oo as in spoon yr as in fire
ew as in few oor as in poor z as in zebra
ewr as in pure or as in corn zh as in vision
f as in fat ow as in cow
g as in get p as in pen
h as in hat
FLUENCY IN SPOKEN ENGLISH
Spoken English is not the same as written English learn't in school.
So while speaking one often tries to copy the style of written English. Which sounds more like reading than talking.
People don't and can't speak English by learning by heart sentences in the language.
Besides one cannot anticipate all contexts and situations where we may have to speak or how a conversation might progress.
Fluency essentially means talking with a flow - where we speak without stopping midway and are able to communicate our thoughts using the right words for contents and effects.
This is possible when the tongue knows the words and principles of a language without consciously trying to use them.
That is why many people can't talk even after years of experience in written English. Besides when we write, we get as much time as want for thinking about the subject matter, for planning the construction of sentence, for selecting or up the right words and phrases and for correction a d editing.
While talking, planning, correction and editing have to be done simultaneously at the spur of moment.
Fluency in English speech is an absolute must and not luxury. To positions and success, these days, is essentially for those comfortable with this tongue, for it definitely commands attention and respect.
I'd complain if I were you.
You ought to take a couple of days off. (Ought to suggest a stronger more objective opinion.)
I'm looking forward to the weekend. So am I.
I love chocolate. So do I.
I don't like football on Television. Neither do I.
(* Use neither to agree with negative remark.)
I'm sorry. (Not really anyone's fault)
I am sorry. (stress on am - a real apology)
Excuse me. (Before you disturb someone)
Excuse me, please. (When you want to pass someone.)
Have you got the tickets yet? I'm afraid not.
Could I speak to Dinesh Please? I'm afraid he is out at the moment.
(Use I'm afraid to "soften a negative or unhelpful answer")
ASKING FOR SOMETHING :
A kilo of apples, please. (it sounds unfriendly without 'please')
Could you pass the salt, please.
ASKING SOMEONE TO DO SOMETHING :
Could you spell it, please. (It sounds unfriendly with 'please')
Would you mind opening the door, Please. (Would you mind doing for people you don't know)
I have been waiting for twenty minutes.
It was only yesterday that I bought it. (Stress the auxiliary to show you are annoyed)
You did promise to help me.
ASKING FOR PERMISSION :
May I borrow you pen ? (personal)
Do you mind if I smoke?
Is it all right if I park here? No, I'm afraid parking isn't allowed
I think you've made mistake. (usually with 'I think')
I think it should be Rs. 5, not Rs. 8.
I think it was 1986, wasn't it?
I think the train goes at ten past, doesn't it?
Would you like to have lunch with us? Oh thank you. I'd love to. That's very kind of you, but I'm afraid I can't.
Would you like a cake? (Offering something)
Thank you, I'd love one.
Let me carry that for you.
We'll do the washing up. (General offer to help)
Shall we pick up at the station ?
Can I give you a hand ? (general offer to help)
Thank you. That;s very kind of you.
It's all right, thank you. I can manage.
Have a Cake.
Why don’t you get a taxi ? (to the other person)
You could send it by air mail.
Let’s go now or we’ll be late. (doing something together)
Why don’t we buy her a pen.
Oh dear ! What a nuisance ! (something not very important)
Oh dear ! I am sorry to hear that (more serious. Stress am)
Thank you. (not very important)
Thanks very much.
Thank you, That is kind of you. (When you are grateful stress one work strongly)
Thanking you. That will be a help.
Be careful; (general)
Mind the floor, it’s slippery.
Don’t forget to take a coat.