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Western Civilization 10.15

Updated on March 2, 2014

Christianity Rose as Roman Empire Fell Syncretism-mixing

Germanic tribal Form & functions

Christianity rejected to accepted with first Christian Church in 300

Church legitimizes states power…. Obedience (state) vs. duty (church):separate-philosophically western

East Constantinople Byzantine Shift

Rise of Islam

Transformat- crisis/ strong elements of crisis then Pax Romana- peace/ gun-barbarians-----from exchange Goods-people-ideas still leaves legacy which Germanic people absorb

Islam-extension of monotheism->tribal factor-bloodline goes through father (connections)

Muhammad (570-632) lived in Mecca(pageon center) and travelled allot marries older Khedign

Angel Gabrial->recite-> Constitution of Islam The Quran Hadith->622 The Hijra: Muhammad’s trip to Medina from Mecca 711-1492 Islam rule in Spain

Kabaa- shrine to pray

Jalahiliyatt- time of ignorance

Moon & star gods Rise of Mecca & Islam & judges past

Ummah-first & perfect, Islam expands Muslims

Bloodless revolution & pagan rulers believe him->622 time starts

Coliph- rightful relationship with leaders first was Abu Baker (Father in law was 2)

Sunni’s dominant and tension between Shia (son in law) 4 Ali followers-> Kheraji refuses

Push things one way “with honor”

Into Africa but still codifying beliefs rapidly

Success of rule in 650 and set up Danasus then Baghdad in 750 and Abbasids overthrew Umayyads taking control of Muslim world

Mongolian Chingis Khan in Persian sack then 3 land based Muslim empires that follow after Mughol (Indian)Safavids(Persian) and Ottoman (Eastern Mediterranean

CHAPTER 8

Visigoths Spain

Franks north east

Bugundians between Ostrogoths modern Italy and north- Theoroic the ruler excelled himself and then his kingdom mainly from his profound understanding of roman (civil administration) and barbarian (military organization) traditions

Vandals south two islands

Byzantine east

Celtic lands comprised of Scots, Picts, angles, Britons, Saxons, and Jutes last two also to east north of Franks with Danes in north

9th century Europe

Carolingian Empire was Charlemagnes empire couldn’t use Frankish legal and cultural traditions on all of his subjects, Church was an integral part of Carolingian government, differences in language, laws customs and people, held together by allegiance to him NEW western art

Territories added before his death

Tributary states- English king was in agreement but had war with them

Scandinavia-resembled Germanic society-3 social classes, wealthy chiefs or jarlar, bondsmen or thralls and servants and slaves to the chiefs

Abolishment of slavery and emergence of peasant (counterpoint- opposite of aristocracy)

Synthesis of Christianity continues, slow geography- transformation of Byzantines empire- Mediterranean little influence

Caroligeon – social code, lasting cultural shifts, run up to world stage- Neo-Platonism revolution

Triumphitalism-----Start Christianity Renaissance (rebirth) drawing on classical heritage

Barbarian- outsiders- decentralized state

The new Europe- status’ 1) nominal freedom(dependent)

Lumbards- migrating

Visogoths- horrible and destructive

Slavic-

Empire- alien authoritarian rule

Division of Charlegmans empire- not strong Germanic or Slavic but division of kingdoms from quitom to Germany

And finally continental Europe, no specific dateline except after charlegmains empire- beginning of 800

Midterm 6-11 oct 22... 2 essays 10 short answer- Germanic societies, syncretism, St. Augustine (City of God), New Barbarian Kingdoms: Formation of States, emerging Aristocracy, Cesaropapism; western, where does west end, rise of Islam solves but Islam Spain, Justinian Code, Bagdad-> Mongols 750-1220 Abbasid rule, DIaclecian success, Carolingian Renaissance, Cordoba, 4th Crusade- they don't get to holy land but sacking Constantinople, Magna Carta, Later Middle Ages- struggle for central Europe- politically for family affairs, 100 years’ war, wars of the roses

P.238 map

Essay 1) Social order from organization from Christianity to Renaissance, European west? Space... time; thousand years 325-1400 ch.8 & 9-- visions from a flame, visions, and vivid description to influence women, renaissance before Black Death mentality--

Women before inquisition, renaissance- humanism post crusades and Black Death world (conclusion)

Religion and Social are inseparable---Ch. 10- all convergecan be used for both essays

2) States, Religion and War- relation between, Ch. 6 & 7- Visigoths in state building

Germanic could answer both essays, DIaclecian success, highly military society, roman empire being reformatted and continued, directly influences shift taking place of emergence of Constantine, Imperial and alignment of Christianity (Constantine) p. 171, Crusades- no roman influence until Pope Erving the 2nd- p. 260 Ideological, rise of Islam, connects, ISLAMIC SPAIN, Empire & papacy- Ch. 9 - universal state- authority to be all inclusive- model

Roman or Barbarian- inclusive, Joan of Arc- people not wanting to be responsible for death

PORTFOLIO: rewrite! Crit response/ ideas notes examples/ connections! At least 12 pages

Show off knowledge of course material- paragraph form at least 12 pages

Christianity Rose as Roman Empire Fell Syncretism-mixing

Germanic tribal -Judeo-Christian & Greco Roman Form & functions

Christianity rejected to accepted with first Christian Church in 300

Church legitimizes states power…. Obedience (state) vs. duty (church): separate-philosophically western

East Constantinople Byzantine Shift

Rise of Islam

Transform at- crisis/ strong elements of crisis then Pax Romana- peace/ gun-barbarians-----from exchange Goods-people-ideas still leaves legacy which Germanic people absorb

Islam-extension of monotheism->tribal factor-bloodline goes through father (connections)

Muhammad (570-632) lived in Mecca(pageon center) and travelled allot marries older Khedign

Angel Gabriel->recite-> Constitution of Islam the Quran Hadith->622 The Hijra: Muhammad’s trip to Medina from Mecca 711-1492 Islam rule in Spain

Kabala- shrine to pray

Jalahiliyatt- time of ignorance

Moon & star gods Rise of Mecca & Islam & judges past

Ummah-first & perfect, Islam expands Muslims

Bloodless revolution & pagan rulers believe him->622 time starts

Caliph- rightful relationship with leaders first was Abu Baker (Father in law was 2)

Sunni’s dominant and tension between Shia (son in law) 4 Ali followers-> Kheraji refuses

Push things one way “with honor”

Into Africa but still codifying beliefs rapidly

Success of rule in 650 and set up Danasus then Baghdad in 750 and Abbasids overthrew Umayyads taking control of Muslim world

Mongolian Chingis Khan in Persian sack then 3 land based Muslim empires that follow after Mughal (Indian) Safavids (Persian) and Ottoman (Eastern Mediterranean

CHAPTER 8

Visigoths Spain

Franks north east

Bugundians between Ostrogoth’s modern Italy and north- Theoretic the ruler excelled himself and then his kingdom mainly from his profound understanding of roman (civil administration) and barbarian (military organization) traditions

Vandal’s south two islands

Byzantine east

Celtic lands comprised of Scots, Pacts, angles, Britons, Saxons, and Jutes last two also to east north of Franks with Danes in north

9th century Europe

Carolingian Empire was Charlemagne’s empire couldn’t use Frankish legal and cultural traditions on all of his subjects, Church was an integral part of Carolingian government, differences in language, laws customs and people, held together by allegiance to him NEW western art

Territories added before his death

Tributary states- English king was in agreement but had war with them

Scandinavia-resembled Germanic society-3 social classes, wealthy chiefs or jarlar, bondsmen or thralls and servants and slaves to the chiefs

Abolishment of slavery and emergence of peasant (counterpoint- opposite of aristocracy)

Synthesis of Christianity continues, slow geography- transformation of Byzantines empire- Mediterranean little influence

Carolingian – social code, lasting cultural shifts, run up to world stage- Neo-Platonism revolution

Triumphalism-----Start Christianity Renaissance (rebirth) drawing on classical heritage

Barbarian- outsiders- decentralized state

The new Europe- status’ 1) nominal freedom (dependent)

Lombard’s- migrating

Visigoths- horrible and destructive

Slavic-

Empire- alien authoritarian rule

Division of Charlemagne’s empire- not strong Germanic or Slavic but division of kingdoms from quitom to Germany

And finally continental Europe, no specific dateline except after Charlemagne’s empire- beginning of 800

Conflict between monarchs and Families in Europe (States) - Hundred Years War-

No Muslim enemy- complex

Rivalry at heart is set of alliance that bring together, conflict of rights in southern France, land dispute over southern Spain, kings of England wanted north of France, England and Finnish (cloth towns)& French Kings interested in merchants, English side with merchants, French aristocracy do not want English people to come or control, not more than a few hundred people

Ends with French pushing back towards the coast, gunpowder coming into scene, mounted cannon, Joan of Arc Rallying cry, English over extension, English win.

States making wars, wars making states, stronger states out of wars, producing major shifts in stability and government, monarchy suffers more, wars over succession. End of 1400’s England and France survive and everything intact.

Joan becomes Martyr, led with visions

Black Death- Destroys ½ to 1/3 of European population in short period of time, doesn’t disappear till 1800’s- from fleas (microbes) —they blame Jews & east, Muslims and non-Europeans

WORLD WAS GOING TO HELL-living people randomly came together push back ways and traditions of Europe

Giavanio Burcharshio-Decamrion- The decamara- story cycle out of India and middle east- get to end of story and changes direction- 5 guys and 5 girls realize world is coming to end and go to country house bring food and everyday party and tell scandalous entertaining story (adultery, murder, robbery, corruption- underbelly of idealism, secret things- founding of Renaissance (I am human)

Somehow during Black Death there is an artistic response-go crazy or make up truth- European arts dominated by Church (perfect world)

When post plague Europe comes about it is difficult foe Europeans to go back into way of life (peasantry), people act out (God turned back) New shift to world and daily tradition, criticism of Elites & sensibilities

Vernacular- secular or human centered- not separated from Church- power gets reconfigured, out of which church will not have same power

People don't fully know what times they are in-historic self-conscience, drew back from classic, rise in urban and consumer centered lifestyle

Childhood-showed with emotion attention- people marry older and perhaps not if you are poor- has to do with economics and culture- no drama

Ballad culture/romantic

Aesthetics and attention to detail of things that are meaningful to you (House decorations- space in house/feels incomplete if not)- eventually see this in paintings- painting of bowl of fruit-reflects & has depth, creates new vocabulary(desire/ beauty)- shift away from religious stuff- important people showing off- allot of money goes into Religious art- flat

Machiavelli- the Prince- calculating how things really are- links to humanitarian & secular movement- not God it’s going to come down to resources and people

VERY Violent and simultaneously Creative- shift in pursuit-

Starts 2 classes CAPITALISTS and bourgeoisie, cities have states and powerhouses for powerful people (Artists- having portraits made of themselves-pushing boundaries

Mona Lisa- visual symmetry detailed & balanced not common -Expression blurs with Idea- connections with art math science architecture- Multidisciplinary

Review: short answer; historical significance explained

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    • Micky Dee profile image

      Micky Dee 

      4 years ago

      You're a quick learner.

    • foemeno profile imageAUTHOR

      David Charles 

      4 years ago from New York

      Good, i just started writing a screenplay about the my perspective on social aspect I would love to start another one about the gross or macro but one thing at a time, its unedited so don't judge im posting it right after this

    • Romeos Quill profile image

      Romeos Quill 

      4 years ago from Lincolnshire, England

      Hey there foemeno,

      Certainly agree about social history being the most engaging and interesting. Here are a few relevant quotes you may find interesting:-

      "The modern banking system manufactures money out of nothing. The process is perhaps the most astounding piece of sleight of hand that was ever invented. Banking was conceived in inequity and born in sin . . . Bankers own the earth. Take it away from them but leave them the power to create money, and, with a flick of a pen, they will create enough money to buy it back again . . . Take this great power away from them, and all great fortunes like mine will disappear, for then this would be a better and happier world to live in. . . . But, if you want to continue to be the slaves of bankers and pay the cost of your own slavery, then let bankers continue to create money and control credit."

      Sir Josiah Stamp, Director of the Bank of England, 1927

      " The hand that gives is above the hand that takes. Money has no motherland; financiers are without patriotism and without decency: their sole object is gain." - Napoleon Bonaparte.( Emperor of the French 1804-1815 ).

      No agenda here - just a few sentences which caught my eye.

    • foemeno profile imageAUTHOR

      David Charles 

      4 years ago from New York

      lol these are just notes for my classmates, i was a devout poet and theologian ive been making satire lately mostly because im bored and wining that i can't get a job but i think too much about the future too much i only like history when reading about growth and prosperity of the poor thanks though

    • Romeos Quill profile image

      Romeos Quill 

      4 years ago from Lincolnshire, England

      All of this, and more can be found in Edward Gibbons,

      " The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire " published between 1776 and 1788 in six volumes. The abridged version is quite a weighty tome, but not as long-winded as reading the whole lot. Worth a look if you're an ancient history buff.

      Best Wishes,

      R.Q.

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