Renaissance Poetry- Poetry of this time period reflects some of the common themes we often associate with poetry--love, death, or the passing of time. The Renaissance poets enjoyed attempting difficult poetic patterns to make their ideas fit into challenging styles, like a puzzle.
Three common poetic styles during the time included:
Sonnet- A 14 line poem, usually in lambic pentameter, that has one of several rhyme schemes.
-Two major sonnet forms--Italian and English
*Italian or Petrarchan:this style is made up of an octave and a sestet.
The Octave (8 lines)
*Rhyme scheme-- abba, abba
*Subject-- asks a question, presents a problem, or expresses an idea.
The Sestet (6 lines)
*Rhyme scheme-- cde cde, cdc cdc, or cdcdcd
*Subject-- Resolve, answers, or reinforces ideas in the octave.
English or Shakespearean--This Sonnet style is made up of three quatrains and a couplet.
*Quatrain (4 lines)
Rhyme scheme---abab cdcd efef
Subject--- expresses three related ideas.
*Couplet (2 lines)
Rhyme scheme-- gg
Subject-- sums up the poet's conclusion or message.
~Rhyme Scheme- The pattern of end rhyme in a line of poetry.
- The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
~Parody- A piece of writing that makes fun in a light-hearted way to teach a lesson.
"The Passionate Shepherd" and "The Nymph's Reply" are examples of 2 other popular poetic forms --the pastoral and the carpe diem styles.
Pastoral--Works set in an idealized countryside and their characters are often blends of the naive and the sophisticated.
Carpe Diem-- "sieze the day", or today's current term "YOLO." Carpe diem is a literary theme that urges living in the present moment since we will all die someday.