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What is a Sentence? | Types | Examples & Quiz
what is a Sentence?
A sentence may be defined as a group of words which makes a complete sense. There are two essential parts of a sentence. The first part is called a subject, while the second part is called a predicate. Subject is the part of the sentence, which names something or is the doer of the action, while predicate is the part of the sentence, which receives the action. Predicate is a combination of verb and object. Look at the following table, wherein the subjects and predicate have been shown:
is reading a book.
will fight for their rights.
should wait for hi.
could have helped her.
was raining heavily.
had better talk to her.
Another important factor that differentiates a sentence from just a combination of words is its semantic feature. Only a combination of many words doesn’t make a sentence. It is mandatory for a sentence to contain meaningful words in proper order and according to the patterns of grammar to convey a complete thought. The sentence, “Colourless yellow thoughts are weeping” is grammatically correct but semantically incorrect. Moreover, the following combination of words cannot be called sentences as they are incomplete in terms of meaning and grammar:
- He will write…………………….. (What?)
- She goes………………………….. (Where?)
- He eats…………………………… (What?)
These sentences will become meaningful, if we modify them as:
- He will write a book.
- She goes to school every day.
- He eats an apple.
A group of words or a single word that expresses a complete thought, feeling, or idea is called a sentence. It usually contains an explicit or implied subject and a predicate containing a finite verb.— Encarta Dictionary
Types of Sentences
Usually, there are four kinds of sentences, which are discussed below:
Assertive sentence is also called a Declarative sentence. Those sentences which make statements or assertions are called Declarative sentences. Look at these sentences:
- Akram is reading an article.
- It has been raining since morning.
- We are going to London.
- He is trying to pass the test with flying colours.
Those sentences which ask questions are called Interrogative sentences. Interrogative sentences end at a question mark instead of a period. The following sentences show us that the subjects of the sentences ask some questions:
- Where are you going now?
- Where do you live?
- Which book do you want to buy?
- Is it raining outside?
Those sentences which give orders, commands or make an entreaty and request are called Imperative sentences. The following sentences are example of Imperative sentences:
- Be quiet.
- Come here.
- Please, shut the door.
- Please, forgive me.
Those sentences which express some strong emotional feelings or excitement are called exclamatory sentences. In exclamatory sentence, the speaker gives vent to his hidden feelings through some bodily gestures like weeping, smiling, wrath, etc. An important feature of exclamatory sentence is the use of exclamatory mark at the end of each sentence. This exclamatory mark differentiates an exclamatory sentence from a declarative sentence, which ends at a period. If an exclamatory word is used, then the sentence will end at a period. Look at the following sentences:
- How beautiful you are!
- Come here!
- Hurray! We have won the match.
- Alas! He is dead.
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© 2015 Muhammad Rafiq