ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is a Sentence? Types & Examples of Various Sentences

Updated on October 21, 2020
Rafiq23 profile image

Muhammad Rafiq is a freelance writer, blogger, and translator with a master's degree in English literature from the University of Malakand.

What is a Sentence?
What is a Sentence? | Source

What is a Sentence?

A sentence may be defined as a group of words that makes a complete sense. There are two essential parts of a sentence. The first part is called a subject, while the second part is called a predicate. The subject is the part of the sentence, which names something or is the doer of the action, while the predicate is the part of the sentence, which receives the action. A predicate is a combination of a verb and an object. Look at the following table, wherein the subjects and predicate have been shown:

is reading a book.
will fight for their rights.
should wait for hi.
could have helped her.
was raining heavily.
had better talk to her.

Another important factor that differentiates a sentence from just a combination of words is its semantic feature. Only a combination of many words doesn’t make a sentence. It is mandatory for a sentence to contain meaningful words in proper order and according to the patterns of grammar to convey a complete thought. The sentence, “Colourless yellow thoughts are weeping” is grammatically correct but semantically incorrect. Moreover, the following combination of words cannot be called sentences as they are incomplete in terms of meaning and grammar:

  1. He will write…………………….. (What?)
  2. She goes………………………….. (Where?)
  3. He eats…………………………… (What?)

These sentences will become meaningful if we modify them as:

  1. He will write a book.
  2. She goes to school every day.
  3. He eats an apple.

A group of words or a single word that expresses a complete thought, feeling, or idea is called a sentence. It usually contains an explicit or implied subject and a predicate containing a finite verb.

— Encarta Dictionary

Types of Sentences

Usually, there are four kinds of sentences, which are discussed below:

Declarative Sentences

What is a Declarative Sentence? It is a type of sentence, wherein the speaker makes a statement or assertion about something. The statement could be positive or negative. The following sentences are positive and negative statements:

  1. She is living in London.
  2. They don’t like to go to the party with him.
  3. You will not be able to pass the test.
  4. It won’t be raining there.
  5. You should obey your parents.

How to identify declarative sentences? It is very easy to identify declarative sentences. Declarative sentences end with a period (.). There is no question mark or exclamatory mark at the end of a declarative sentence. Every declarative sentence ends with a period (.). Negation is another key feature of declarative sentences. If there is negation in a sentence, then it is identified as a declarative sentence. The word “not” is placed before the main verb or after an auxiliary verb. Let’s see the following examples:

  1. They should not allow him to watch that movie.
  2. We didn’t ask him to swim in the river.
  3. He could not complete the test.
  4. She had not lent me some money.
  5. You cannot purchase this car.

Examples of Declarative Sentences

  1. She loves her dog.
  2. He does not want to buy a black car.
  3. The sky is blue.
  4. She is a great teacher.
  5. Adela is her sister.
  6. They like to eat mangoes.
  7. You should not have visited London in December.
  8. You love your cats.
  9. I like to go there.
  10. She is singing a song.

Interrogative Sentences

Those sentences which ask questions are called Interrogative sentences. Interrogative sentences end at a question mark instead of a period. The following sentences show us that the subjects of the sentences ask some questions:

  1. Where are you going now?
  2. Where do you live?
  3. Which book do you want to buy?
  4. Is it raining outside?

Imperative Sentences

Those sentences which give orders, commands or make an entreaty and request are called Imperative sentences. The following sentences are example of Imperative sentences:

  1. Be quiet.
  2. Come here.
  3. Please, shut the door.
  4. Please, forgive me.

Exclamatory Sentences

Those sentences which express some strong emotional feelings or excitement are called exclamatory sentences. In exclamatory sentence, the speaker gives vent to his hidden feelings through some bodily gestures like weeping, smiling, wrath, etc. An important feature of exclamatory sentence is the use of exclamatory mark at the end of each sentence. This exclamatory mark differentiates an exclamatory sentence from a declarative sentence, which ends at a period. If an exclamatory word is used, then the sentence will end at a period. Look at the following sentences:

  1. How beautiful you are!
  2. Come here!
  3. Hurray! We have won the match.
  4. Alas! He is dead.

Sentences Quiz

view quiz statistics

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2015 Muhammad Rafiq


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)