Animal Farm by George Orwell
Animal Farm is a novel by the English author George Orwell, published in 1945. The book, which is an allegory in the form of a beast fable, satirizes Me in a totalitarian state. In the novel, farm animals are persuaded to revolt and to overthrow their human masters. After the revolution, the pig Napoleon becomes dictator. Corrupted by power, he makes the lives of the other animals harder than ever.
Animal Farm demonstrates how a revolution for social justice can end in a cruel betrayal of its ideals. It has been called the most effective political satire in English since Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726). The novel has been interpreted as a satire on the Soviet Union under Stalin.
George Orwell, British novelist and essayist. Born Eric Blair, at Motihari, India, June 25, 1903.
Orwell, a political and social writer, is best known for two satirical novels, Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), both of which attack forms of totalitarianism. In Animal Farm, which is a fable about Communism, a revolution of farm animals is betrayed by a dictatorship of pigs. The irony of the work is best characterized by its often quoted line "All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others."
In Nineteen Eighty-Four, Orwell depicts a totalitarian state ruled by a sinister dictator, Big Brother. All traces of individuality in the state are destroyed by mass brainwashing and a system of thought control. Both works show Orwell's prophetic political insight and his concern for the future of individual freedom in a world overshadowed by totalitarian forces.
Orwell's early works, including Down and Out in Paris and London (1933), Burmese Days (1934), and The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), are based on his life in Europe and in Burma. In Homage to Catalonia (1938) he described his experiences in the Spanish Civil War.
Orwell also wrote essays, which are contained in such collections as Dickens, Dali and Others (1946), Shooting an Elephant (1950), and England Your England (1953).
He died in London, England, 21st January 1950.