For a new writer I wouldn't say that one has a distinct advantage over the other. Both are open to new writers, it's just that the challenges are different. Traditional publishing is harder to get into, but generally has a larger payoff because it's easier to get noticed by readers. Self publishing is easy to get into, but much harder to get noticed. So really, it's just a question of what you want to spend more time on, self promotion or query letters.
Personally I recommend traditional publishing over self publishing. The reason is because the self publishing market is overflowing right now with new writers. The market is over-saturated, making it difficult to locate anyone who hasn't already made it big. It would be kind of like throwing your book into an ocean of books and just hoping that a swimmer runs into it. Traditional publishing also has a better track record with editing, which goes a long way from separating a book by an amateur from a book by a pro. Similarly, you can't get into book stores or libraries with a self published book, further cutting off your pathways to getting noticed. Traditional publishing has its problems too, but I just don't think the self publishing market has matured enough yet to be a reliable source of good literature.