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Subramaniya Bharathi - Great Poet of Tamil Nadu.

Updated on January 17, 2018

The Great Poet Subramaniya Bharathi

The greatest modern Tamil Poet Subramaniya Bharathi was an incomparable composer, a scholar as well as a famous Indian freedom fighter.

Subramaniya Bharathi was one of the dignified, innovative and excellent song writer as well as a prose writer of modern Tamil literature.

People of South India especially from Tamil Nadu have stimulated by his artistic creations, and many of them participated in the Indian freedom struggle.

Subramaniya Bharathi has a pivotal role in the early moments of Indian freedom struggle from Tamil Nadu. His creative writings and engaging poems were arouse the South Indian masses.

He has lived only 39 years of short life, but Subramaniya Bharathi left behind a big mark as a poet of Tamil nationalism and Indian sovereignty.

Image courtesy: Velacherry Balu

Among all the languages we know, we do not see anywhere, any as sweet as Tamil.

~Subramanya Bharathi

The Great Tamil Poet Subramania Bharathi
The Great Tamil Poet Subramania Bharathi


Born: December 11, 1882

Died: September 11, 1921

About Subramanya Bharathi

Bharathi's poems about national interest have awarded him the title "Desiya Kavi" (National Poet). His dedicated songs arouse patriotism, unity of nation, humanity as well as the superiority of Tamil language.

From incredible songs to nationalistic writings, care in the connection between God and Man to organum, about the French as well as Russian political upheaval, his researches are endless.

Bharathi was proficient in several languages like Indian languages Tamizh, Bengali, Hindi, Sanskrit, and international languages English, French. Many times, he has translated literary works from several other languages into Tamil.

He has respected Tamil language as well as India as a nation. Actively he was fully knowledgeable in the local social systems of caste differences.

It has a necessitated also amuses of his artistic legacy. How delusions and stone-blind ideas in the way of life forced to withdraw from advancements of the nation.

He has published a penetrating and open type of creative writings on different human concerns such as basics of nationalism, political liberty for the community, one and the same rights for women, the elimination of the caste system, notable features of literacy and knowledge of God etcetera.

Bharathi was brawling in his arguments for many the equivalent rights for all, irrespective of division or sex and creed for mass education and honored the youth to progress and back up good faith in bring into being the modernized nation to live in.

Goddess Saraswathi
Goddess Saraswathi | Source

Life History of Subramaniya Bharathi

Bharathi's Biography

Subramaniya Bharathi has given rise to Subramaniyam and Lakshmi Ammal as "Subbayya" on Dec. 11, 1882 at Ettayapuram. It is a hamlet located at Tirunelvely District in the south Tamil Nadu. Bharathi's father and mother were expired before he turns 16.

This boy was brought up by his near relative and who anticipated him to school on English, stand out in mathematics, become an engineer and conduct a comfy life. He was educated at the Hindu College School, and he perceived expertise in Sanskrit and Hindi articulations.

But his concentration was music and combining poems. By origin, Bharathi had been a Hindu. However, his conviction was not molded shortened. He is in agreement with Hindu divinities, as well as in unanimity with other religions, he indited mellifluousness of devotion to Jesus Christ as well as Allah.

Bharathi has a bustling campaigner against the caste traditions including conflict on women's' freedom. In addition, he possessed a vivification of complete lack he was ever tried to get in his faiths and tactics. At the age of 11, quiet as a kid, Bharathi has brought in to the Ettayapuram counsel of poets and musicians for creating poems and songs.

It was in this place Subbiah was got the designation of "Bharathi" ("one who complimented by the goddess of learning Saraswathi").

Bharathiar Songs From Tamil Films
Bharathiar Songs From Tamil Films

Tamil movies elaborately used Bharathi's poems. Here is the film song collection of Bharathi


Early Years of Subramaniya Bharathi

As a Child poet, he could not go along with his studies. In 1897, his wedding was taken place with Chellammal. After his marriage, Bharathi was interested in observing the outside world, and left for Benares (Varnashi) in 1898.

The following four years were critical of his life, which emerged as a voyage of creativeness. During this period, he had known about his country, which was in turmoil outside his small hamlet.

Bharathi also served for some times as a high school teacher in Madurai Sethupathy High School and as an editor in a Newspaper. Influenced by traditional Tamil poetical compositions, but besides by Keats, Shelly as well as Emerson, Bharathi wrote his composition in a distinct approach other than normal style.

Several writings of Bharathi were pointed out and attacked the social evil of Hindu social life, and since about 1908 his deep revolting songs encouraged the national liberation campaigns in Tamil Nadu.

Bharathi was the developer to replace on current state and cultured style into Tamil poems and applied simple, almost day to day language. In personal and lively prose, he shares with several serious problems of restored life while note down allegorical and spiritual song, and small and sensitive lyrics.

Tamil Poet Bharathi
Tamil Poet Bharathi

Bharathi In His Later Years

Subramaniya Bharathi has begun viewing far back the humane blockages and malformations of accustomed South Indian human groupings. Once he attended Lalbagh at the beginning started out as a 40 acres unique garden by haider ali and is apparently called so because of the red(Red) toses. Lal Bagh Garden was extended by his son Tipu Sultan.Swami Vivekanandha's supernal daughter Sister Nivedita, from her opinion one more of Bharathi's mindset has raised, his stand to realize the women freedom. The women freedom is leaded Bharathi's brain consequentially.

He described the "new era woman" as a creative work of Goddess Shakti, a major companion for man to construct a new world through co-operative work. Bharathi was intensely ideological, and a correct devote of Goddess Shakti, the indigenous power which formulated the all created things.

His poetry agreed the glory of the completed nature of the Supreme living and often avoided the fallacious religious commemorations and false mythical activities of the Hindu culture.

Bala Gangadhara Tilak
Bala Gangadhara Tilak

Subramaniya Bharathi - As An Editor

Bharathi discharged his duty as deputy Editor of the renowned daily 'Swadeshamitran' In April 1907, he matured as the editor of the Tamil weekly 'India' as well as he edited the English publication 'Bala Bharatham'. He entered in the chronicled Surat Congress in 1907. Bharathi upheld Logamanya Gangadara Tilak and Sri Aurobindo collectively with 'Kappal Otiya Thamilan' V.O.Chidambaram Pillai.

Tilak simply supported armed battle and the Swadeshi mobility. Subramaniya Bharathi initiated his own daily publications, and he published his numerous hand-written newspapers.

As a courteous columnist, Bharathi was the very earliest in India to originate caricatures and civic cartoons to his daily paper chronicles; they had been sarcastic and fired hand-drawn visuals of a characteristic poet that defined comprehensively in the crafts of Thomas Nast.

In his daily paper, Bharathi distributed his poems and songs, firewood the coveting for freeness from foreign control in the minds of the ordinary people.

Photo courtesy: Wikipedia

Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi

Subramaniya Bharathi As An Eternal Symbol

At Madras (Chennai), in the year 1908, Bharathi arranged a large free to all meeting to honor 'Swaraj Day'. Bharathi's famous songs 'Vanthematharam', 'Enthayum Thayum', 'Jayabharath' were distributed to the crowds.

One year before his demise in 1921 he meets face to face with Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 also in 1920. Now, more than ninety years succeeding, Subaramaniya Bharathi standstills as an everlasting symbol not only of an energetic Tamil nationalism but, in addition to the solidarity, of India.

Photo courtesy: Wikimedia

Subramaniya Bharathi
Subramaniya Bharathi

Bharathi As A Poem Writer

Many of his creative works are on nature. He desires to glide like a bird in the sky so that he can visually observe the high peaks, springs, rivers and the great sea. However, the humanistic body does not bestow him full liberation, and he admits that the very broadening of human community is a blockage to feeling the pleasure of the bird.

But he not ever desires to give up his mankind. He is lively to the authenticity that, in the wide world of the bird, there is no cultured joy of a man. Bharathiar long for to get out of the long-established dissimilarity of the society as "touchable and untouchable" and also as "man and woman".

Bharathiar has written many songs in support of eradication "women-slavery"/male bureaucracy in the country. Bharathi analyzed Bhagavad Gita and give form to the essentials in easy Tamil using a prose-poetry construction. In addition, he has written numerous novels in the prose form. Instead of sliding the accustomed academic form blindly.

Bharathi perceived that the common type of poems comprised by Thayumanavar, Ramalinga Swamigal and Gopalakrishna Bharathiyar were sufficient to deliver the information he desired. His experience as the editor and analyst in Swedesa Mithiran encouraged him the informative abilities to address the people. In his Tamil poems, he praised all the Indian languages, and arouse integrating all children, so that the country could be free from British slavery.

Bharathi Statue
Bharathi Statue

Pudhu Kavithai

Modern Poems

In 1912, Bharathi distributed his distinguished works Kannan Pattu, Kuyil pattu as well as Panjali Sabatham. Bharathi was a forerunner in starting a new style of Tamil poetical writings.

Before his aeon, the poetry held to descend the accurate syntactic practices set down by the old Tamil grammatical literature Tholkappiyam. Bharathi halved this syntactic ties and started a new prose-poetic form which is well-liked now as Puthu Kavithai (modern poems).

Bharathi has composed masterworks, for instance, Kannan Paattu (melody on Lord Krishna). In which Bharathi addressed to define God since the way to obtain all humanity's confident expectation throughout most confessing of forms also within the parts of the lovelorn lover, of a bad child, compared with a good child, and of the intelligent teacher.

Photo courtesy: Flickr

His Poem - In Tamil Language with Translation

(Did you think I too will

Spend my days in search of food,

Tell petty tales,

Worry myself with thoughts,

Hurt others by my acts,

Turn senile with grey hair

And end up as fodder to the

relentless march of time

As yet another faceless man?)

Indian National Flag
Indian National Flag

Bharathi As A Nationalistic Poet

Bharathi is admired as a nationalistic poet get on credit to his poems of the nationalistic gusto through which he expressed the fellowship to join the independence kinetics. Mahakavi Subramaina Bharathiyar signified not only a poetry author.

He has preserved a Nationalist in the fundamental. In an offensive way, he has intensified an energetic eruption among people in confronting to social divergence. From social accomplishment, he conveyed in his Humanism to the guiding viewpoint he rotated to dynamic Nationalism.

"The fabulous Himalayas are ours; besides there is none to make similar with it on this earth... The celebrated river Ganges are our river; as well there is no river to match its virtue...." He indited. Even though, focusing on racial unlikeness's, his written curiosities spat fire! His severe nationalistic lyrics surrendered a great difficulty to the British rule.

Bharathi predicted a pleasing future for India a country strengthened on the plain grounds of classified lifestyle and past and his brainstorm give a sign to the inception of India's national solidarity movement during the liberation struggle, and was fittingly identified the national poet.

Mahakavi Bharathi

Through his poems, greater number are up against foreign rule, quite progressing social ideas, guided to humanistic models. Bharathi's authoritative prose and poems strengthened the critical obligations for national consolidation and kept away from provincial mind. For the first time, Bharathi commenced a spiritual measure to the liberation movement and analyzed on three main attractions in a legendary scholarly amalgamation of prose-poetry.

His creative works celebrated on the physical and religious altruism of India. He endured one front most lyric writers to produce and sing songs on India as one thing. Among Bharathi's all, however, broadly embraced read anecdote poems were Panchali Sapatham (Draupadi's pledge). It is a poetical semi-political assumption on enthusiasm trust and creditability consolidated from the Indian myth Mahabharata and Kuyil Paatu (the poem of a symbolic Cuckoo).

The subject is a haiku as distinctively as a laud to the writer's adored Shelley. He was ever against ethnic hunger, victimization as well as disesteem of this acquiescent humanity and the British command over his country.

Maha Kavi Bharathi's Writings

He had been one of the reputable leader of the Indian freedom struggle. His nationalistic poems earned him the nickname National Poet (Desiya Kavi). Bharathi's super nationalistic songs highlighting community stances, unity of India, equality of men and women and the status of Tamil language.

Subramaniya Bharathi used the empowerment of rhythmical formulation in his works to stimulate the unresponsive Society and strengthened the masses towards the independence struggle and political salvation.

Subramaniya Bharathi is a poet with a global observation. As a poet of wisdom and honesty, he is comparable to some of the reputable poets of the world. Therefore, Bharathi is one of the great poetasters in the wide world poetical literatures.

Bharathis studious bestowals consist of nationalistic writings, pieties songs, philosophic poems, moral songs and compact poems go with the communal issues.

His moral poems are Murasu, Puthiya Athichudi along with Pappa Pattu. He had been the explorer of the short as well as a razor-sharp class of poems, which has right now, surfaced as very famous.

His extraordinary and matchless ability of writing poems, specially patriotic songs, fostered the attitude of nationalism among the people and prompted them to dive into the freedom struggle.

The reality is, his songs powered and enhanced the lives of the people and grew in them patriotic emotion.

Bharathi and Indian Independence

His 'Nandalala' song guides the masses with exhilarating purity his thought of God who is present everywhere. Bharathi desired and visualized that India should change into independent in politically, ethically as well as religiously. His full-tongued address to the masses is that let us transform the world and construct it up-to-date and make men, the beings into immortals.

The country has boastfully attested the peaceful base of his perspicacity and his great part of domination in the freedom fight. Among the contemporary Tamil writers, Subramania Bharathi, wrote his self-portrayal in verses. More or less, clearly he calls it Suya Sarithai (personal chronicle).

In all his, written matter, one can observe the influence of western perception and customs on him.

Even if a British citizen, he had to reside in Pondicherry as a state exile. He was considerably influenced by all the idealistic and Victorian writers, and French authors.

Thus, Bharathi had the unusual occasion of becoming familiarized with the two principal currents of Western way of life and his written matters show how beneficial the contact was.

Subramaniya Bharathi's Tamil Love

Subramaniya Bharathi applauded a special love and attachment towards his mother tongue Tamil. He admitted Tamil is the sweetest of all the languages he knows. He was started a rebellious style of modulating spoken rhythms to a written format. He is considered to be the pioneer of today's style in Tamil literature so much so that creative writing in Tamil.

Bharathi was fluent in many different languages including English, French, Bengali, Hindi, Sanskrit, Thulu etc. He often translated works from some other languages into Tamil. Certainly one of his poems asserted, "Of all the languages I do know, I actually have not auditorily perceived a sweeter language than Tamil".

He has not been an everyday propagandist poet; then again his inditements were humanitarian, patriotic and preserving humanist sentiments. He was also a hunter of beauty and philosophic observation.

One of His Poems

English Translation

The eternal Himalaya is our very own asset.

There's nothing else to equal it as yet !

The sweetly nourishing Ganges flows here dancing.

Is there a river on earth so entrancing ?

The expository Upanishads are our prized treasure

The entire world doesn't have any work of that measure.

Oh,the Golden Bharath is verily our own land

Hail our land,we are of a matchless brand!!

......Subramanya Bharathi

Bharathi and His Wife Chellammal
Bharathi and His Wife Chellammal

Bharathi With His Wife Chellamma

Photo courtesy:

Few years ago a tamil film was made on the life of this national poet, titled, Bharathi. This film was directed by Gnana Rajasekeran. The character of Subramanya Bharati was played by Sayaji Shinde - a Marathi actor.

Bharathi on Women Liberation

Bharathi's Women Liberation
Bharathi's Women Liberation

Picture courtesy: Flickr under creative commons license.

"Aanum Pennum Nigar Enakkollvathaal

Arivil O'ngi Ivvaiyagam Thazhaikkumaam"

This world will achieve excellence in knowledge

and wisdom by holding men and women equal.

Bharathi always appealed fo the eradication of gender differentiation, gender dissimilarity, women's freedom and women's advantages. Bharathiyar defended commanding rights for women. His poems demanded liberation for females then put a high class onto their study. He imagined a smart Indian woman at the predecessor of society.

He was of this very firm viewpoint which the world will prospers in intelligence and ability if both sexes are recognized equal. From his poetic parentage : The modern womanhood will become well-known with many learned high-level texts. They could set the spot for quite a few scientific inventions that smooth the advance of human life. These will take away all backward hypocritical assumptions in the whole society.

They are progressing to be dedicated to God and present all accomplishments of humanity as recognition to God. These have deserved for Bharathi a good renown from men and community.

His Tamil Poem

Bharathi's Poem Tamil
Bharathi's Poem Tamil

Bharathi's Carnatic Music Compositions

Tamil Carnatic melody Kirtanas were indited by Bharathi of inclination, devoutness, etc. He set his lyrics to tune and can sing them within different ragas. Throughout musical expression 'Bharata Deviyin Thiru Dasangam' he manipulated ten contradictory ragas. His nationalistic hymns highlighted Indian patriotism, solidarity of India, equality of men and women, the elevation of the conventional Tamil language, set to the masses tunes.

He vocalized these poems himself at innumerable political conferences. In those ages, the lyrics were all in Sanskrit or Telegu. Bharathi reproves artists for without skilled the essence singing songs on the almighty. As per Bharathis viewpoint, requiring knowledge of the narration of the song, vocalists baldly cannot sing with fitting character.

He pointed out the certain songs normally depict devoutness and affection but not other perceptions like bravery, anger, surprise, fear, and hatred. He accented those artists should not vocalize songs which they do not understand.

More About Bharathi

Bharathi, intelligent enthusiasts of Nature and have faith in the bountiful forming surprises of Mother Nature. As a youngster, he really take delight in a good degree of liberty and notifies us uprightly that he absorbed more from out-of-doors than from literary works. He knew the importance of outside quietness and within quietness in supporting love with Nature. He has a lack of honor for the institute and college learning.

Admitting to him that a men and women spend 12 years studying mathematics and earth-space science and right at the completion he is inadequate to identify a star. His deep research study of chronicles creates in him no equal deepness of acumen. His evaluation of trade and commerce leaves him without knowledge what thing could be imported and what is sell abroad. Unusual evaluation of Sastras furnishes him no reward or progress to his physique or spirit.

He advances to "Schooling today has had need for thousands and thousands of rupees for my parent and a huge ruin of the extent and life force for me". Opinions Bharathi recommends is willpower. His explication is "Be brave, not ever weep". A man should master fear, impetuosity and craving.

Bharathi's Life In Pondicherry
Bharathi's Life In Pondicherry

Bharathi's Life In Pondicherry

Around 1908, he furnished evidence in a case which has been, actuality began by the British government to sentence V.O.Chidambaram Pillai. In the same season, the owner of the weekly 'India' was seized in to imprisonment by British rule in Madras.

Confronted commonly with the potential of abduction, Bharathi run away to Pondicherry which was at that time under French dominion. From Pondicherry Bharathi wrote and distributed the 'India' weekly.

He besides edited and publicized 'Vijaya', a Tamil once daily, Bala Bharatham, an English monthly, in addition to 'Suryothayam', a local weekly of Pondicherry. Bharathi started to publish his poem regularly from each of these publications besides topics often examined from complex spiritual chants, in fact, expressing nationalist ideations to songs between the Russian, as well as French revolutions.

He was aggregate against social starvation, exploitation and misuse of many oppressed people besides British verdict over India. Even though, he survived a lifetime of certain poverty, he was at all times positive in his thoughts and activity.

Photo Credit: Wikipedia

Sri Aurobindo-Statue
Sri Aurobindo-Statue

Bharathi Met Sri Aurobindo

Under his direction, the Bala Bharatha Sangam was also commenced. The British news blackout of the militancy was proficient and methodical. Tilak was exiled to Burma. Sri Aurobindo fled to Pondicherry in 1910. Bharathi meet up with Sri Aurobindo in Pondicherry and the meetings often turned to spirituality and logical concept.

He sustained Aurobindo in the 'Arya' publication and later "Karma Yogi" in Pondicherry. In November 1910, Bharathi published an 'Anthology of Poems' which consist of 'Kanavu'. After the conclusion of World War I, Bharathi approached into British India near Cuddalore in November 1918. He was taken into custody and freed after three weeks in imprisonment.

Poetry for Children - Pappa Pattu

Papa Pattu - Poems for Children
Papa Pattu - Poems for Children

Subramaniya Bharathi's songs for kids in Paappa Paattu (Poetry for Children) and Pudhiya Aathichoodi were implies a feeling of equal rights, love for all living beings, generation without ever having caste etc. His easy to understand words and phrases convey the moral and ethical ideas to the child minds conveniently.

His technique has been a system of weaving the spoken words and rhythm into gorgeous prose and poetry. The literary brilliant Bharathi has left remarkable remnants in the spirits of hundreds of thousands of Tamils by his writings, like poetry, novels, short stories and articles.

Odi Vilayadu Pappa - Kappallotiya Tamizhan

Kappal Oatiya Thamizhan - a Tamil film describing the critical freedom campaigns of V.O.Chidambaranar, Subramanya Shiva and Subramaniya Bharathi had been an informative movie which brought alive the patriotic struggle, sacrifices, problems and the charm of Bharathi's poetry. The film was casted by Sivaji Ganesan as VOC and S.V Subbiah as Subramanya Barathi.

Good Poems

Bharathi's Another Poem (English Translation)

Moonlight, the stars and the wind,

By placing them in front

And drinking the honey thereof-

A poetic frenzy seizes us;

That atomic thing called Mind-

We shall let it roam free.

Should one wonder at the bee that sings

While imbedded in a tasty fruit?

Oh, Mind! Go hence to join

The jewel of stars.

To Top ⇑

Instead of simply being full of pride of his country he also summarized his vision for a independent India. Bharathi wrote "When you say the name of Bharath (India) you will lose your fear of your enemies... We will make weapons, produce good paper, we will build big factories and create great schools. We will never rest, nor sleep; we will be truthful and excel..."

Bharathi Died
Bharathi Died

Bharathi Died

Once, Bharathi was hit by a temple elephant at Triplicane, Chennai. He was accustomed to feeding the animal habitually. Even though, he has stayed active after that occurrence, after few months later, his fitness worsen. He has expired on September 12, 1921, early daybreak around 1 am.

Equivalent to some other masters and martyrs of the world, he was deserted in his demise with only some people. Even if, Bharathi had been a common man's poet and liberation fighter, there came about only 14 people accompany Bharathi's burial ceremony.

Now, he is praised as one of the most exceptional Tamil poets, a person justifying of emulation not only by fellow citizen within India, but also by others for his courage and principles, ideological composure, common awareness and, more fittingly, scholastic capacities.

He very much loved his mother tongue "Tamil" and his nation "India" with a passion and he was full of pride of his cultural heritage. At the same time he was fully aware of the social outcome of caste differences and how fallacy and blind faith in the old customs have lead to stagnation.

Photo courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

Bharathi Said

Subramaniya Bharathiar Statue
Subramaniya Bharathiar Statue

Photo Credit: Sampath Speaking

Jesus died pinned to the cross;

Krishna by a swift arrow;

Even Rama yielded to death by water;

But I shall not die, 'tis certain.

Yes He Still Live With Us, Through His Poems

"He who writes poetry is not a poet. He whose poetry has become his life, and who has made his life his poetry - it is he who is a poet." - Bharathi

Bharathi's Signature
Bharathi's Signature

Bharathi's Song - Vid - Theertha Karaiyinile

Bharathi's Poem (Tamil)

Poetry of Subramaniya Bharathi

Atma : Soul - A Glimpse Into The Poetry Of Subramanya Bharathi By Bombay S. Jayashri
Atma : Soul - A Glimpse Into The Poetry Of Subramanya Bharathi By Bombay S. Jayashri

Audio CD. by Carnatic Singer: Bombay Jayashri. Poems:1) Agni 2) Pozhudu 3) Varuvai Varuvai 4) Mann 5) Kakai 6) Manadil 7) Kaatru 8) Suttum Vizhi 9) Ninnai Charan 10) Mazhai 11) Yethanai Kodi (colours of joy) 12) Nallador Veenai 13) Uyire


Quotes of Bharathi - Love, love, love otherwise die, die, die.

  1. Driving away fear, breaking the bonds of servitude,

    Rooting out ignoble thoughts raised the nation,

    That it may reach lofty heights in the world,

    The immortal poet who conquered Time!

  2. We shall not scrutinize at caste or religion. All individual beings in this country - whether those people be those who lecture the Vedas or who normally exist to other social stratum - are one.

  3. It is a natural expectation and obligation of the knowledgeable ones to chasten the muscular by educate them their responsibilities and to encourage the weak-minded by edifying them their freedoms.

  4. He who composes poems is not a poet. He whose poetical writings has become his living, and who has molded his life his poem - it is he who is a poetaster.

  5. You are Fools! Do you justify, that things antiquated ought, on that description, to be reliable and courtly? Erroneous trust and prevarications there were from time ancient and in what way dare you claim that because has those are antique, and these should preponderate? In old times, do you consider that there was not the unaware, also the shallow minded? Furthermore for what reason after all should you grasp so fondly a body of dead ideation. Live in at this moment and form the world to come, do not be calculating outlasting looks to the remote past for the old times has passed away, not ever again to come back.

  6. Destroy this world if yet an alone person doesn't have meal.

Bharathiar Illam Chennai
Bharathiar Illam Chennai

Bharathiar Illam - Chennai

Bharathi's Residence at Chennai

The residence utilized to be the domestic place in his ending few years of life. This was taken possession by the Tamil Nadu state government in 1993. After some repairing and renovations, it had been thrown open to common in the same year.

The residence discovered in the Chennai Triplicane neighborhood highlights the memoir and the aeons of the renowned poet. The Bharatiyar Illam discovered in Triplicane, just facing to the acclaimed Parthasarathy Temple on its west view.

The house provides the photographs and archives of his relations and friendships. Many hand written pamphlets of Bharathiyar have been preserved in the house. On the list of things displayed inside Bharathiyar Illam, one can find photos featuring the multi-talented poem writer Subramanya Bharathi himself with his Kith and kin and companions displays many precious moments of his life, his verses recorded in his own hands.

There is also an extraordinary letter penned by Mahatma Gandhi in Tamil, to mark the commemoration of opening of Bharathiyar Mani Mandapam in 1947 at his birth spot Ettayapuram. The letter has been formulated to his companion Nellaiappar.

Musical Tribute to the Poet

Musical Tribute to Bharathi
Musical Tribute to Bharathi

Pondicherry: From dawn to dusk she paid musical tribute to poet Subramaniya Bharathiar.

Thiruarasi, who has done her Sangeetha Bhushanam from Annamalai University, sang Bharathiar songs at the memorial museum to mark the poet's birth anniversary.

News & Photo courtesy: The Hindu

Bharathiar Museum
Bharathiar Museum

Bharathi Memorial Museum

Bharathi Memorial Museum, situated at Pondicherry, was the residence of the popular Tamil poet Subramaniya Bharathi. Bharathi was came Pondicherry in 1908.

He had been here for a time of 1882 to 1921. greatest of his writings floridly dealt with current societal events. This Memorial shows up photograph of the poet, manuscripts, and letters composed by him.

The museum is wide-open from 09:00-12:30 hrs and 14:00-17:45 hrs on all days except Mondays.


Mahakavi Bharathiyar Memorial Museum,

20, Easwaran Darmaraya Koil Street


Photo courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

Bharathiar Songs - YouTube Vids

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    • Shreenidhi KS profile image


      4 months ago from Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

      Superb article... i really love the poems of Bharathiyar.. Nallador Veenai Seidhein.. and Ninnai Charan adaidhein Kannamma.. there is a song called Enakku vendum varangalai isaippein kelai Ganapathi. I jusy love the deep meaning and Lyrics of the have elaborated a lot on his work.. Hats off to your work..

    • lakshmianand profile image


      2 years ago from Erode.

      Superb article.

    • profile image

      Nagarajan from Triplicane 

      4 years ago

      a memorial for Bharathiar is in Triplicane. Every year many events take place in the memory of this great tamil poet with national ethos. I request all the patriots of the country to read or recite daily a few lines from his poem, essays or his speeches and infuse more nationalism and patriotism in their blood.

    • profile image

      4 years ago


    • profile image


      4 years ago




    • profile image

      Dhvani Shah 

      5 years ago

      A renoved Poet that is a jewel of India!

    • Scindhia H profile image


      5 years ago from Chennai

      Mahakavi Bharathiyar is my favorite Tamil Poet. I have read and enjoyed many of his poems. This is a great lens about him. Thank you for sharing this.

    • sukkran trichy profile imageAUTHOR

      sukkran trichy 

      6 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @PadmashriSriram: thanks padmashri. glad to meet one more tamil here. have a nice day

    • sukkran trichy profile imageAUTHOR

      sukkran trichy 

      6 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @PadmashriSriram: thanks padmashri. glad to meet one more tamil here. have a nice day

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 

      6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      The Tamil culture has so many interesting features and thank you for sharing.

    • PadmashriSriram profile image


      6 years ago

      Hi. I am from Tamilnadu as well. Bharathiyar is our Desiya Kavi. Great Lens

    • ScareYouDiva profile image


      6 years ago

      I am learning a lot about Indian culture because of a new neighbour. I never heard of Bharathi before, but his work is beautiful.

    • profile image

      coolmon2009 lm 

      6 years ago

      Thanks for the introduction to poet Subramaniya Bharathi; I enjoyed reading your lens.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I heard his name, but don't know much about him. Beautiful lens and thanks for taking your time and visiting my lens. Have a nice day.

    • Melissa Miotke profile image

      Melissa Miotke 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      I didn't know much about him before. This was very in depth and thorough and I enjoyed it:)

    • takkhisa profile image


      7 years ago

      Thanks for introducing him! I did not know about his before. He seems to me a great poet in India.

    • VspaBotanicals profile image


      7 years ago

      A brilliant lens on a brilliant poet. I love the fact that he unified a nation as well, and was so voiced in so many different languages.

    • sukkran trichy profile imageAUTHOR

      sukkran trichy 

      7 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @dellgirl: thank you very much for your wonderful comment.

    • Blonde Blythe profile image

      Blonde Blythe 

      7 years ago from U.S.A.

      Fascinating lens about a great man! He seemed very kind and gentle; we certainly could use more people like Bharathi in today's world!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Thanks for sharing this information on Subramaniya Bharathi the Great Poet of Tamil Nadu, its very thorough and so well done! I learned something new. This is an excellent lens with amazing and thought provoking information,

    • CoolFool83 profile image


      7 years ago

      Wow, this is some lense. I can tell you put a lot of work and thought into them.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Thank you for stopping by and liking my lens

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      nice lens

    • DeepaVenkitesh LM profile image

      DeepaVenkitesh LM 

      7 years ago

      great this will help me teach my son who is not aware of this great human being

    • TolovajWordsmith profile image

      Tolovaj Publishing House 

      7 years ago from Ljubljana

      Subramaniya Bharathi sounds like a very inspiring artist. I'll have to check if something his is translated in our language. Thanks for this introduction!

    • Keepingscore profile image


      7 years ago

      Another incredible individual I had never heard of before. Have noticed a large number of these exceptional people will speak more than one language, often several language fluently. If you did translate his works then, congratulations. I can agree that there is no way to fully translate something, especially poetry as these are often so many meanings that have no other meaningful expression in another language.

    • sukkran trichy profile imageAUTHOR

      sukkran trichy 

      7 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @TwistedWiseman: exact translation of the poem. no translation can convey an idea of its original charming effect. It is truly an apple of gold in the network of silver." -Dr. Karl Graul.

    • TwistedWiseman profile image


      7 years ago

      Did you translate these and had trouble finding the words for them or is that the exact translation of the poems?

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I liked many your lenses, all interesting, congrats !

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      All of your lenses are so enjoyable to return to again.

      You are a very intelligent thinker, Basha. :)

    • WriterJanis2 profile image


      7 years ago

      Beautiful poetry.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      This is quite a nicely crafted page that I could very well see in an ebook ... with pictures and music too?

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      So wonderful lens (as always).. my friend :) I'm so impressed with great poems by Subramaniya Bharathi you've presented here. A lot of new knowledge, thoughts and feeling I'm proud to learn. Get rid of our selfish.. Realize to give real love by each others.. Warn ourselves in life acting. So worthy to receive wonderful meaning from this great poet. Thank you so much for nice tribute. Have wonderful times.. always.. Basha :)

    • kathysart profile image


      8 years ago

      Lovely lens with wonderful poetry! Angel blessed

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Thanks for your beautiful introduction to a great poet

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      A poetry loving angel returning with a fresh blessing on your beautifully presented tribute to Subramaniya Bharathi!

    • Bellezza-Decor profile image


      8 years ago from Canada

      I really liked :

      "Did you think I too will

      Spend my days in search of food,

      Tell petty tales,

      Worry myself with thoughts,

      Hurt others by my acts,

      Turn senile with grey hair

      And end up as fodder to the

      relentless march of time

      As yet another faceless man?"

      (or woman?)

      He's undoubtedly one of the great poets!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      This article is really amazing. How nicely you have collaborated of such a great poet in one blog. Love your blogs.

    • AnnRadley profile image


      8 years ago

      What a moving tribute to him. I love the poem Jewel of Stars and the orignial Tamil script is so beautiful, even though I can't read it. Beautifully written lens

    • waldenthreenet profile image


      8 years ago

      Thanks for your beautiful introduction to a great poet of Tamilland ! It's interesting that he spent some time in Pondicherry and met Shri Aurobiondo. I just looked up the birthdates, He lived in the same time period as the Bengal Renaissance. But there is no evidence that he knew Tagore. I am still trying to figure out how the Bengal Renaissance got started with so many great minds from India in that time period came to live at approximately same time. Bharati is a good example of another great mind of that period ! I am glad to learn about him from your discussion.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Wonderfully informative - thanks!

    • jeremiahjpwalto1 profile image


      8 years ago

      Amazing lens, great work.

    • hlkljgk profile image


      8 years ago from Western Mass

      a very insightful lens.

    • LouisaDembul profile image


      8 years ago

      A truly great poet. Must be even better in the native language.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Subramania Bharathi is indeed one of the greatest poets modern India has produced. Thanx a lot for a really informative Lens on his life and works.

    • dschandar profile image


      8 years ago

      This is awesome to see Subramania Bharathi.Thanks a lot for creating a lens for such a great person. I like this lens. looking for more poems here...

    • gypsyman27 lm profile image

      gypsyman27 lm 

      8 years ago

      Very well done, too bad this gentle man only survived 39 years. Be well, and healthy. See you around the galaxy...

    • mellex lm profile image

      mellex lm 

      8 years ago from Australia

      Beautiful poem! I'm glad you did this lens because I learnt a lot about Subramaniya Bharathi - Thank you.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      An absolutely brilliant lens on the Mahakavi Bharathi. Very inspiring indeed.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Wonderful Lens... Beautiful poetry... Subramaniya Bharathi shows how much one can accomplish, even in a short life. Thank you for the opportunity to read this.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      I like the poem very much. A great tribute.

    • Krafick profile image


      8 years ago

      Yes, he was a great poet and freedom fighter. Very nice presentation. Rafick

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Subramaniya Bharati was an accomplished poet and is a great contributor to the Indian Tamil heritage.

    • darciefrench lm profile image

      darciefrench lm 

      8 years ago

      Thank-you so much for writing about these wonderful examples to mankind. Subramaniya Bharathi accomplished much in his short time here. Blessed by a passing Squid Angel.

    • profile image


      8 years ago


      Fantastic narration. Thanks.

      I am looking for a story titled "Chinna sankaran Kadhai" by Subramania Bharathi. I could not find it in the internet. Please help me if you are aware of it.

      thanks and regards,


    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Inspiring poem translated in English. Thank you for introducing me to Subramaniya Bharathi.

    • SandyMertens profile image

      Sandy Mertens 

      9 years ago from Frozen Tundra

      Nice lens!


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