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The Italian language, Its Process of Evolution and the Italian Dialects
The Language of Italy
However, while the historical background shows that almost all of the Italian vocabulary derives from Latin, the Italian language has also assimilated many words of the languages of the non-Italic peoples that have dominated Italy over the centuries. The Italian has taken words from Germanic, Arabic, Spanish and French languages. Now the Italian linguistic territory also includes the Canton Ticino, Nice and some area of Dalmatia.
Many dialects continue to be spoken In Italy, which may be divided into different groups.
1) The Northern dialects are spoken in Piedmont, Lombardy, Liguria and Emilia Romagna, where traces of ancient Celtic language are visible.
2) Many dialects have remained distinct such as Venetian and Tuscan dialects that are connectable with the dialects of Corsica.
3) Finally, we will also consider the Sardinian dialects and southern central dialects. The Italian literary language developed by the Florentine dialect, thanks to Dante Alighieri, generally recognized as “The Father” of the Italian language.