ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Year was Nineteen Sixty Seven

Updated on October 11, 2012

She was my friend


After Reading all the Hubs On Racism

After reading Rahul Rakesh

Mike Pugh

Angela Brummer

I was inspired to write this hub, because of these other hubbers…

The Year was 1967- 68 school year:

Segregation was just getting started in the high school.

I lived in Blythewood, South Carolina; I was in the 10th grade.

I remember that year because of the evil of racism that I experienced.

My father was in the Army. We had lived all over the world by that time of my life. I am from the south but I had not lived in the south very long, but that year my father was stationed at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.

I had not experience racism until I was at that high school.

I remember the first day of school that year. Walking into school and all the sneers because I was the new girl, having a disability with my leg and foot, but that was nothing because there was a new African American girl and her brother that had started. You see the state was making them go to an all-white school and I know they were scared.

After everyone got tired of being mean to me as soon as they saw this new colored girl and brother (is what they called them) they started picking on these sweet young people. I felt sorry for them right from the start.

Our Lunchroom minus the soda machines


After enduring 1st and 2nd period it was time for lunch.

As we were in line to get our lunch, the three of us ended up standing next to each other. They were so scared they didn’t even want to look at me. I gave some mean looks to the others in line and I put my hand on (I will call her Susie), Susie’s arm. “Please,” I said “follow me. Let’s sit together.”

After that the only friends I had was my new found friends, Susie and her brother. You see my parents taught me to love everyone not just a select few.

As the year progressed, Susie and her brother would be knocked down and their lunch knocked out of their hands. The girls locked me in the bathroom stall because I was friends with Susie and her brother. I had all kind of threats, but it was nothing compared to what happened to them.

We all lived through that year. I wished I knew what happened to them. We did our homework together and ate lunch together. But at the end of the day they had to ride a bus home. I never knew where they lived. I only know Susie and her brother were the nicest people at that school.

I don’t remember the teachers taking up for Susie. I don’t remember a lot because that was a lot of years ago, but I do remember Susie and her brother and the friendship we had that short year.

I pray they had a good life.

After reading these other hubs about racism and talking to my good friend Mike Pugh, I realized I wanted to write about my experience.

I ask one thing of everyone. LET’S STOP RACISM!!

Let’s pray real hard. I believe Our GOD hates this. But as long as there is evil in this world there will always be evil. But each one of us can pray and each one of us can start with ourselves. We can all love each other like GOD wants us to love each other. Treat each other with respect and help each other.

I feel like we are family here at the Hub. If there is prejudice I haven’t seen it. I pray it is not true.

If you are my Facebook friend and if I see any prejudice then you will not be my Facebook friend anymore. I will not tolerate it.

I love you all. You all have been good to me. I respect you all.

I thank you all for putting up with me and reading my crazy poems, and commenting. I am always so amazed that you would want to read my poems and stories.

May God Bless you all.

Debbie Brooks

©Copyright 2012 by Poet - Deborah Brooks-Langford, Debbie, or Deborah Brooks. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used for re-distribution, provided that full and clear credit is given to Deborah Brooks-Langford, Debbie, or Deborah Brooks with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. All rights reserved. Any violation or infringement of this copyright notice will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Richard how true.. I agree with you.. Greed is the true killer in the world. God Bless you my friend


    • rcrumple profile image

      Rich 5 years ago from Kentucky

      Deborah -

      I loved this. I'm glad you brought it back around for us to see. I, too, did my best to fight racism in the 60's & early 70's. I had read The Autobiography of Malcom X, and was well familiar with M.L. King through the media, and felt for their cause. I lived in a small town that was located in a completely white farming county, so my only exposure came when traveling to college towns or in sports. I learned long ago that people are people regardless of color. Most of the time, it's just a matter of getting to know each other. There are good and bad throughout mankind. Color is not the deciding factor by any means. Greed has been the true killer in the world, as someone always wants more of something or to rule more people or countries or whatever. If we could only eliminate greed from society, we could have a beautiful place to live within. Beautiful, my dear!

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Leslie I feel the same way. I love you no matter what.. I hate the race thing.. if you do not stand up to other peoples standards then they hold it against you.. BOO I say!! everyone is different.. MY GOODNESS!! if I cussed i think I would right now just thinking about

      many blessings to you my friend

      thank you for sharing


    • ImKarn23 profile image

      Karen Silverman 5 years ago

      i love you! it wouldn't matter if you were green, pink, yellow, orange or fuscia - i'd love you anyway!

      i hate black/white bullshit, the race card - which is used by any and all parties..

      we are people, period - white, black, disabled, short, tall, ugly, awkward, graceful, beautiful, smart, not-so-smart, gay, straight, old, young, rich, poor, republican, liberal, healthy, sick - etc!

      it's time to give up the hatred of others - it only reflects upon ourselves - period!

      let's put our energies where they are needed most - and - unite to get some stuff done around here..

      viva la difference!

      sharing, my friend..

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Thomas it is so good to see you..


      thank you both.. what experiences we have to talk about Randy.. I am very ashamed sometimes of the way people act. I pray i will and have never acted like that.. my parents did not bring us up like that..

      Bless you both for reading and commenting


    • Randy Godwin profile image

      Randy Godwin 5 years ago from Southern Georgia

      Your hub brings back so many memories to me, Deborah. Like you, I was in high school here in southeastern Georgia when the first black students were in attendance. Two young black men were the first to walk the halls that early morning among jeers and hisses. I can only imagine them trying to sleep the night before they were to start school with the white children in this part of the world.

      They were very brave and handled themselves in a way which made me ashamed of my fellow school mates that day. I admire your treatment of the situation in your school. Great hub!

      Randy SSSSS

    • ThoughtSandwiches profile image

      ThoughtSandwiches 5 years ago from Reno, Nevada


      They say that a strong person stands up for themselves but a stronger person stands up for others. You are indeed stronger, my friend! Like you, I hope Susie and her brother went on to have a good life...your fine behavior certainly set the tone for that hope.

      Excellent job!



    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      thank you Moonlake.. blessings


    • moonlake profile image

      moonlake 5 years ago from America

      Military brats are stronger kids and able to stand up to others much more I think than other kids can. You did the right thing and it was so nice of you to do that. Voted Up on your hub.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      wonderwriter yes I guess I did live it.. Blessings to you for reading and commenting


    • wonderwriter11 profile image

      Bobby 5 years ago from New Jersey

      Beautiful story Deborah! Racism is one of the many scourges on society. Younger generations can only read about how segregated America was but you actually lived it! Thank you for sharing.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Dear sweet Joseph.. You are so right Racism cannot be tolerated.. I have never understood it.. God Loves Us all. Blessings my friend


    • Lord De Cross profile image

      Joseph De Cross 5 years ago

      Debbie, I was expecting a wonderful story at your school nack in 67-68 and you slapped me in my face with no warming (jk) Racism is still out there, and sometimes is just kept low. Cops, Insurers, car dealers, fair jobs...racism is all over. Lucky this Country is still on its feet. Great an d corageous piece. I agree with others: Racism cannot be tolerated, anywhere. Media, and high tech stuff will help us to hunt recism down. Thanks Debbie.


    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX




      thank you all for reading and commenting.. Blessings to each one of you


    • Jools99 profile image

      Jools99 5 years ago from North-East UK

      Debbie, what a thought provoking and well written hub. You expressed your views very simply and your own experiences with racism have illustrated this hub very well. We all have to do our bit to eradicate racism wherever we find it.

      Voted up, etc.

    • remaniki profile image

      Rema T V 5 years ago from Chennai, India

      Hi Debbie,

      A very sensitive yet powerful subject for a debate. How sad that a few people think it is their birthright to look down upon others as though they were the superior beings! But it is out of ignorance that they do it and will definitely find out one day that they were wrong.

      Such people fail to realize the fact that life is very short and in this short span of life we have to be loving and considerate to our fellow beings so that we feel good and happy about it.

      Debbie, this hub shows your beautiful character and attitude. Many hugs my friend for the support you showed Susie and her brother. Beauty is deep within us and the external appearance has hardly anything to do with it. I wish everyone realized this truth. Love and affection stem from the heart that is beautiful and you are a beautiful person.

      I find the hubpages community full of friendly hubbers, so helpful and kind though I myself have come across a stray incident hinting at racism. Let's forget that anyway and do what we should - show our support and kinship to each other and remain a happy hubbing family.

      I now regret having missed a lot of time on HP where there are wonderful things to share and talk about. Anyway I have come back now...better late than never..Cheers, Rema

    • myownlife profile image

      myownlife 5 years ago from london

      Poor Susie and her brother, I am so sorry for them, but believe if there is none for you always the almighty God stands next to you. I even don't know why some people think themselves superior or they come from special space, but definitely in some point in life they have to confess or regret.

      Let's all be in a family.

      God bless us all.


    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      IsadorasThought thank you I agree. Have a great evening.


    • IsadorasThought profile image

      IsadorasThought 5 years ago

      Thank you, Debbie. I agree - we've got to start from ourselves. I have the rule: "Dont hate the racist - explain. If they're not listening, explain again. And again. Until they get it." Your article seems to be in accordance with my rule.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX




      Beyond max..

      I thank you all for reading and commenting

      Blessings to you


    • BeyondMax profile image

      BeyondMax 5 years ago from Sydney, Australia

      Debbie, this such a heartfelt story, scary experience, thank you deep from the heart for making a difference!

    • picklesandrufus profile image

      picklesandrufus 5 years ago from Virginia Beach, Va

      I so agree with you Deborah and am so glad you made the choice you did in school. You made a real difference in their lives and yours. God bless

    • CrazedNovelist profile image

      A.E. Williams 5 years ago from Hampton, GA

      Debbie, you have a wonderful heart and I am always pleased to hear your opinions and read your thoughts. You're awesome.

    • Marcy Goodfleisch profile image

      Marcy Goodfleisch 5 years ago from Planet Earth

      This is a touching story - and heart-breaking. I never saw racism like that in our schools, but when we traveled in the South, we saw terrible signs of discrimination. To this day, it upsets me. Thanks for sharing this, dear Debbie!

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      ananceleste what a story you have have you wrote a book about it? it is amazing.. I am like you.. I just don't understand how people can be like that. if you have wrote a book I want a copy.. are you on Facebook? I am Deborah Brooks Langford if we are not friends.

      God bless you my friend


    • ananceleste profile image

      Anan Celeste 5 years ago from California

      I never understood racism. I could never comprehend how could someone develop hate towards another because of their skin color. I got my first taste of it from my own family. My grandmother, was (is) a very racist person. She had five children, and since they married dark colored people she disowned them. According to her, she has no grand children. Being the oldest, I never saw her until my I had my oldest daughter. She was curious to see how could I, have a white, blue eyed, baby. She flew from New York, and came to my home to "approve".

      I was shocked to say the least, She just asked to see my baby. No hello's, no kisses from her. I just had a stroke and a heart attack during delivery, so I was unable to pick the baby up. My husband ( that was as confused as I was) had the baby in his arms. She looked at them both, like if she was looking to buy a horse. Since my husband is fair skin, and our baby looks white, with blond hair and blue eyes; She turned around

      and said; " Good for you, at least you are trying to fix the mistake your mother did. At least you are trying to fix the race." - Turning around, the woman left.

      My husband was aghast, I could not move ( because of the stroke) but pain built up inside me. There she was, my own grandmother, that I have not seen in person, treating me like a abomination, in my own home! I have tried to shield my children from such people. I have to admit, not all the time I was able to. My husband is very sensitive toward racism. His grandmother was a black woman that married a white man ( 54 years of marriage). He is very proud of this.

      We never saw my grandmother again. This happened 18 years ago, and it cuts through my heart. I wish, I pray that no one has to suffer this or any other type of rejection.Blessed is your sweet soul my friend. Great hub.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX


      Peggy... You can quote bible verses anytime you want to..I have a prayer page on facebook.. we pray for each other.. I am Deborah Brooks Langford.. if we are not already friend

      I agree color racism will not be tolerated in heaven..

      God Bless you both'


    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

      Hi Debbie,

      The strength of your character shines brightly and it did so at an early age from the story you just related. Very young kids (one,two, three year olds) do not seem to notice differences in people. One can assume that it is taught to them. Perhaps that is why in the Bible, children were so dear to Jesus. I'll not quote any Bible verses here...but you undoubtedly know to what I am referring.

      I started my career as an operating room nurse. Funny thing! Cut through the skin and everyone under that looks the same. So color is only skin deep! We should all remember that.

      I am certain that God cares for every hue and color. Just look at the plethora of colors sprinkled all across the universe in minerals, plants and animal life.

      Good hub Debbie! Racism is ugly and should be eliminated. In heaven it will not be tolerated. Voted up and beautiful. Sharing.

    • carter06 profile image

      Mary 5 years ago from Cronulla NSW

      Such a different hub Deb...but such a good one...thank you for sharing an all important and unfortunately still way too prevalent social have such a sensitive & lovely heart...


    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Always exploring. I agree..God does not see color....amen..debbie

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

      Who could say it any better than Curiad. God is color blind, why not we?

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Curiad thank you.. blessings to you


    • Curiad profile image

      Mark G Weller 5 years ago from Lake Charles, LA.

      There is but one race...Human.

      Great story, and great actions Deborah!

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Starmom.. You are right my dear. all you can do is pray for people like that.. Pray for peace precious one.

      Ann.. I just don't understand people like that

      God Bless you both


    • Ann1Az2 profile image

      Ann1Az2 5 years ago from Orange, Texas

      A great personal triumph over evil and racism, Debbie. If nothing else, you made at least one school year for those two young people tolerable. And it probably served to open a lot of eyes and ears- even though you may not have noticed it at the time. Setting an example is half the battle.

    • profile image

      Starmom41 5 years ago

      @Whyd: re: why it continues into adulthood- because many people weren't raised to know any better- when you find a racist kid, you can bet the parents were behind his/her "viewpoints."

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      shalini sharan.. thank you Blessings to you

      WhydThatHappen I know what you are talking about..I agree

      starmom that is a great idea.thank you for the link

      Joyce I know what you mean. why does this still go on?

      I Praise God for people like all of you.. so full of love a nd caring

      God Bless you all


    • writer20 profile image

      Joyce Haragsim 5 years ago from Southern Nevada

      Wonderful story and I'm so happy you made friends with this sister and brother. If you remember there names maybe you can find them on F/B.

      We made friends with two men when we went for breakfast at one of the

      casinos, one was white and other black to be honest he is the best of the to men. I told my husband the some people stared at us sitting all together, he said it was because of Cliff the African American. I can't believe people are still like this.

      Voted up awesome beautiful and interesting, Joyce.

    • profile image

      Starmom41 5 years ago

      I don't know if it's o.k. to put links in here, but didn't know any other way to relate the experience in this article

    • profile image

      WhydThatHappen 5 years ago

      I know people can be stupidly hateful, and I know that this hub is talking about a high school experience, but why does it continue for some people into adulthood? #NoSense

    • shalini sharan profile image

      shalini sharan 5 years ago from Delhi

      hi debbie, i feel so honored to know a women like you, it is easy for people like us to say that we would eradicate racism and we hate people who follow it, but the time you are talking about the time when racism was prevalent, people used to see fraternizing with them as an offence.

      you supported susie and her brother at that time, it is indeed commendable, i respect you for it

      voted up!

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Hello StarMom.. People that think that way do not think.. GOD made us all in HIS image. I feel sorry for people that are missing out on GOD'S GLORY and HIS GOODNESS in all HIS kindness towards us.. God Bless you'


    • profile image

      Starmom41 5 years ago

      You're certainly right-= God would not approve of racism- and one of the worst things about it is many think he does.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Rahul.. You are such an awesome son.. you make me feel so special.. I pray for Susie too


    • rahul0324 profile image

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Debbie... having read this piece... I respect you even more... What a strong woman of substance you are....

      What a message of love and equality you give through your work here...

      Racism may rot in hell,... for it creates a divide between brothers....

      May people like you Live an eternity Debbie... whom I have the honor to call mother.....

      I pray Susie and her brother had a blessed and bias free life...

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Thank you bill.. Debbie

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Great work Debbie! This one surprised me; not your regular body of work but very well written. You are a wonder!

      Peace and happiness to you my friend.


    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX









      God Bless you all


    • profile image

      Justsilvie 5 years ago

      Very Nice Hub Deborah.

      I was also an Army Brat and I was in Junior High in Texas at the time. Even though no one was openly mean to one another, the divide was obvious and glaring.

      A lot has changed since that time, but racism is still alive and breeding, the targets may change and the former victims sometimes the aggressors against the new targets. Amazing to me!

    • wetnosedogs profile image

      wetnosedogs 5 years ago from Alabama

      Racism definitely stinks.

      Thanks for talking of your experience.

    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Deborah you have definitely shown us a great story from your past in dealing with a racial incident that was all so familiar to many American's, and definitely in many other places worldwide.

      See my wife is from another country in Asia, and she has experienced racism in that country, and mainly because where she was born and raised wasn't her mother country either. This being born in a place where she was the minority had created quite the dilemma for her and her family, and so I sense that racism has its hidden agenda in many cultures and creeds, nationalities and societies.

      Much of it remains as silent racism to that of the outsider, until you walk amongst your own who are considered the vast majority of a particular group, and begin to sense it by detection or as your experience shows in your hub, an act of utter disgust and boldness on the part of them bad acting children or for better words just bullies.

      I think its just like in a bullying situation, the majority (gang mentality or mob) seek to feel superior over that of the minority group (because its easy to do), maybe because they feel threatened somewhat, and territoriality begins to seep in as well (also fear of the unknown).

      Then the dynamic fact of the dominant group members sinks in, whom of which start to play harsh games with their innocent victim or victims (thats if things get physical), as a form of punishment to show power over them. Its always the same story, and the end is always ugly dealing with issues of hate.

      Your hub is awesome, it is real and you have my vote Deborah, thanks for the put up for me, Rahul, and Angela that was quite kind of you to do.

    • LailaK profile image

      LailaK 5 years ago from Atlanta, Georgia

      Racism can unfortunately become very severe. When I came to the U.S. , my first struggle was racism. It took me around two years to get adapted to it and become strong enough to stand up for myself. Debbie, we read you hubs and poems because they reflect emotions that we all can relate to. Thank you for writing!

    • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

      Gypsy Rose Lee 5 years ago from Riga, Latvia

      Voted up and awesome. You're a wonderful woman Debbie and did what I would have done. We must remember that in God's eyes we are colorless and that's the way we should look at things. We are all going through this life together and one person is not different from another person and color should not make any one think otherwise. God bless.

    • Michele Travis profile image

      Michele Travis 5 years ago from U.S.A. Ohio

      Debbie I love this hub. I also love you, the love you have for others, the kindness in your heart, the fact that you also believe prejudice is wrong. There is so much more that is good about you, it is hard to even put it on this whole comment. But, you are one of the good people. Thank God for that.

      God bless you my friend.


    • Pennypines profile image

      Lucille Apcar 5 years ago from Mariposa, California, U.S.A.

      I was born and grew up in an Asian country, and attended a mission school where every imaginable race, religion and color made up the student body. So I too was shocked and dismayed when I came to live in America in 1946 to encounter the racism at that time.

      Some of my best friends are people of color, I wouldn't give up their friendship for anything. Thank you for a lovely Hub. Many more of them please

    • flashmakeit profile image

      flashmakeit 5 years ago from usa

      That is compelling story I love you!

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      Vellur.. she blessed me with being my friend..

      Blessings to you


    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 5 years ago from Dubai

      Yes lets eradicate racism, it is not fair. I wish everybody to be accepted for what and who they are. Everyone has a right to live and enjoy. Voted up. You are awesome for doing what you did for Susie. MAking her your friend.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      thank you Love doctor.. blessings to you Debbie

    • profile image

      lovedoctor926 5 years ago

      A very beautiful and powerful message in this hub. I'm glad that you stood up for your friends. Vote up awesome!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)