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22 Rangoli Designs And Patterns

Updated on September 29, 2014

What is Rangoli? if you ask me then It’s a natural way of decorating your house with colors, flowers petals, colored sands and etc. and by just looking at the beautiful piece of art you can imagine how rich culture is inherited deep inside in Indian society. You can find rangoli almost in every Indian Festival and it acts as a sign that something wonderful is going to happen.

You can use different colors, designs and patterns to create your own rangoli. Mostly in Indian pattern of rangoli, faces of Deities, peacock Motifs, Circular Patterns, flower motifs are common. The fig of Peacock motifs and deities faces are somewhat traditional in Indian culture handed down by generations.

But don’t limit it to India only, it’s a creative eye soothing art and you can always have your version of rangoli. You can always choose it to represent your emotions, for example an elaborate rangoli on the day of wedding. Even in India there are tons of different patterns and styles of rangoli.

So let’s have a look on the 22 different pattern and designs.

  • In Rajasthan (Indian State), rangoli is an art of painting. It can be done on a wall or a floor. First they prepare the ground for painting by using cow dung mixed with red clay or red ocher and then the face of deities, peacock motifs, floral motifs and face of animals (mostly tiger) are common figures. So start your first pattern with a simple pattern of design drawn using only white sand, white chalk powder on a red background.
  • In Orissa, the rangoli design is known as ossa. Orissa’s women believe that it attracts goddess laxmi into their house to spread health, wealth and prosperity. So to please the goddess, you can choose a colorful rangoli, a multicolored rangoli.

  • In Tamil Nadu, the rangoli design is called as Kolam. These are mostly made up of floral motifs outside the entrances of the house in order to delight the soul king Mahabali.
  • In kerala, rangoli is called as Puvidal which means flower arrangement. So a heavy pattern of flowers might be your thing. Simple circular designs filled with flowers. A bit heavy but simple and decent looking. You don’t need art classes to master this pattern.
  • In west Bengal, it’s called as Alpana. The Alpana rangoli designs are generally round with different patterns encircling the circles from inside and outside. It also contains the designs of ornaments, house, different types of lotus and etc.
  • In Andra Pradesh, the rangoli design is made using chalk powder or rice flour on a slight wet floor. So that the wetness allows the chalk to get hard and stay there for a longer period. Simple peacock motifs would be good to show how good you are handling with chalk powder.

Which design is your favorite?

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  • In Gujarat, Rangoli designs are drawn using lines drawn each other and dots. Mostly rice flour is used to draw it. A simple pattern in the style of Sathiya (Gujarat’s rangoli pattern) using lines and dots.
  • A simple elegant design for the beginners. You can just leave the hectic inside part and can draw the outer. You can even club your ideas to use different geometrical patterns and fill them with different colors.
  • A bit difficult for the beginners but you can try it in your own way. Draw a circle using different flower petals and with the pattern with different designs and color petals. You can also add colored sand in some of the areas to make it a bit distinctive.
  • We are now moving on a bit higher level. Using colored sand or colored rice flour. You can draw the figure of Indian goddess deities or Peacock motifs. This require a bit of skills as you don’t want that people shouldn’t appreciate your work.

  • Welcome (Susavagatam) rangoli, a great way to make your guest feel homey and comfortable. You don’t need any special occasion for this pattern. You can experiment with it and can use different patterns and style to welcome your guest.
  • Rangoli with minimum use of colors. You can use colored sand or colored rice flour to execute this pattern. You don’t need pearls or blue stone to make this one. Just use your imagination to substitute. Simple for those who are new in art design and want to kick start their designs with fabulous pattern.
  • Multicolored simple design pattern. You can use flower petals instead of colored sand, decorate it with candles or diyas to make it more shining and beautiful. In the middle you can have a bowl filled with water and rose petals or other flower petals. You can even have colored water according to the decoration and can use colored pebbles instead of flower petals.
  • Amazing work of imagination, you can also design something like it. Place a small pot of water in the center and design peacock motifs, face of deities or other figurine. You can think number of permutation and combination with pot at center and candles/ diyas on the side and then design your rangoli.

  • Exclusive face of Indian deities. Show your beloved deities in an exclusive rangoli of Lord Ganesha and others. You can seriously show your creative art with this type of Rangoli art.
  • Beginners pattern, just draw a bigger outer circle and start enclosing it with small one with different colors. You can even make patterns in the rings of the circle to make it more beautiful. Do some homework on the inner circle and apply it for real to make it look like more amazing.
  • Now the time to show some floral designs. “Wow looks Amazing” that’s what you going to hear when you have a rangoli like this. Redesign it, color Simple, bright and attractive design and the candles are adding charms to it. You can add light effects with your rangoli to stand it out. Choosing perfect color for your design in necessary and as we can see he/she did an excellent job. it, twist it and it will even became more amazing.
  • Simple, bright and attractive design and the candles are adding charms to it. You can add light effects with your rangoli to stand it out. Choosing perfect color for your design in necessary and as we can see he/she did an excellent job.

  • Amazing isn’t? the use of color, diyas/candles and all making this rangoli standing out of others.
  • Don’t be confused, it’s not a carpet it’s a real rangoli, not some artificial work. The design the color combination, everything is just perfect making it a masterpiece. You need to use a hell lot of imagination to pull something this great.

  • Another great design using the deities. A circular pattern combined with floral leafs and Indian God inside and Candles around the four corner are making it more charming and beautiful.
  • Now for the last, Portraying something that huge and beautiful requires skills. But you can still try to do your best after all that’s how you learn. Just imagine what you want to paint in your canvas and then just do it.

Rangoli is not just an art, it an opportunity for the people to gather and celebrate the joy. It’s an activity to improve your social culture, your social ethics and an opportunity to flaunt your creativity in front of others


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    • kuckoo profile image

      Your Lover 3 years ago from Your Heart

      thanks for liking this hub, i too like peacock motifs patterns and designs. even though i am not that good with art :D

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Beautiful hub! I like the peacocks so amazing!