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ASTERS: CHOOSE BETWEEN ANNUALS OR PERENNIALS

Updated on May 7, 2010

VARIETY OF BRIGHT COLORS

ASTERS

Asters are as diversified as they are beautiful.  There are two distinct types of Asters, annuals called China Asters, and perennials known as Michaelmas daisies.  Both are highly regarded, and flowers highly related to the many colors of fall.  The perennial Asters, which are very hardy, and multiply rapidly, are useful in hardy borders, especially with chrysanthemums, while the China Asters tend to be popular with florists and home gardeners as extra fine cut flowers.

The showy annuals are described using many names, some of which are ostrich feather, peony flowered, pompon, and chrysanthemum flowered.  These names describe the variety of shapes of asters, which are many.  China asters grow up to 3 feet high, and bloom between July and October.  Some hardy asters are low enough to be grown in rock gardens, but many are big bushy plants for mixed borders.  They grow in full sun, but the taller plants will take part shade.  They require average garden soil, and while some types are not recommended for cutting, they all bloom very freely.  They will reach their height around September and October.

VARIETIES

China asters have been popular for so long that a great many types and strains have been developed, including many shades of blue, lavender, pink, crimson, rose and peach.  The earliest to bloom are the Queen of the Market, with medium-sized flowers about 20 inches tall.  Super Giants and the older Giants of California bear 4 1/2 inch flowers with long curly petals from late summer to frost.  Other favorites are Crego with large, shaggy petaled blooms on 2 1/2 feet plants, Early Beauty, American Branching, Royal, and American Beauty.  Princess asters are a newer kind with a high crested center surrounded by several rows of petals.  Blooming in late august, they are lovely for cutting.  Another new type is Bouquet, with quilled flowers on an upright, 2 feet tall plant.  They come very early, and a plant in bloom gives the appearance of a whole bouquet.  Powderpuffs, of the Bouquet type, comes in a variety of color ranges.  Single asters like California Sunshine lend still further diversity to this fine family.  Duchesse has pure yellow, globe-shaped flowers like a chryanthemum.

If you are looking for a garden hardy aster, among the most popular are Michaelmas daisies, Lilac Time, Pink Bouquet, or White Niobe, about 12 inches tall.  Violet-blue Eventide, rosy lavender Peach, and Harrington's Pink are also sturdy growers that reach a height of up to 4 feet.  Mt. Everest and Mt. Rainer (both white) are also tall growers, as the names imply.  Again, the name lavender-blue Skylands Queen also implies a tall grower.  Frikarti or Wonder of Staefa bears lavender blue flowers from July through October, which are excellent for cutting.  In the north, it requires protection in winter.

HOW AND WHEN TO PLANT

Seed of China asters is sown indoors n April or outdoors in May.  Tall-growing varieties need to be spaced 15 inches apart in the row, but lower kinds do well with less room.  Nurseries and garden stores sell the plants, too.  These asters need rich sandy soil, and it is recommended that you do not plant them two years in a row in the same place.  See that they have plenty of water always, especially during dry spells.  Hardy aster plants are best set out in the spring about 2 feet apart, and the tallest require more room than that.

CARE AND PROTECTION

Always buy seed of China asters that have been bred for wilt resistance.  You might need to dust or spray these plants with an insecticide (preferably one that has green (environmentally friendly) qualities.  Hardy asters may also require a fungicide during their growing season.  The taller varieties will be bushier and stronger stemmed if pinched back several times from late spring to early summer.  Every spring, or not quite that often, the clumps should be divided and replanted.

 

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    • profile image

      bruce 

      2 years ago

      umm, I believe I have annual asters but they are no more than 3 or 4 inches tall and have large purple and pink flowers. the flowers are now about dead. does the annual variety rebloom as dahlias, snapdragons and marigolds do when dead headed?

    • profile image

      Vaneta 

      2 years ago

      Question. What causes a perfectly healthy looking well watered annual aster plant to shrivel up and die over 2-3 days?

    • profile image

      BLOSSOM`Granny 

      2 years ago

      Hi dear can you please help me to Identify this plant that Grown approximately 4 foot high it is in one of my pot and have a smooth type of Leaf , hope you find me an answer very soon,

      How can I send you a picture of the plant? ? ? ?

      Best Regards

      The BLOSSOM`Granny

    • profile image

      gillian 

      3 years ago

      i have grown asters from seed this year and they are so beautiful in my garden

    • profile image

      Mary 

      6 years ago

      Are the Aster known as "Magic" an annual or perrenial?

    • profile image

      Angy. 

      6 years ago

      I live in a quite small studio apartment & have just begun to make a little garden in pots & all from seed. My Aster's have all come through. My question is,"will they survive in a crate",the crates are about 10" deep. I have planted them in a bought compost & every seed i planted has come through. I am just transplanting them in ice cream containers,about 6 seedlings to each container,at present they are still tiny.

    • Fraser Soul profile image

      Mildred Lucille Fraser 

      6 years ago from Bloomfield, CT

      I live in Connecticut and I love to work in my garden. I mostly pefer perennial because of the many rewards they give. I will try the Aster. Thanks for the very informative hub.

    • valeriebelew profile imageAUTHOR

      valeriebelew 

      8 years ago from Metro Atlanta, GA, USA

      I couldn't wait to share these pictures, kay, because the colors are so bright. Thanks for commenting on my site. (: v

    • Kay Creates profile image

      Kay Creates 

      8 years ago from Ohio

      Great hub. I enjoyed the pretty photos and learned something new. I'd love to grow 4 foot high asters.

    • valeriebelew profile imageAUTHOR

      valeriebelew 

      8 years ago from Metro Atlanta, GA, USA

      Gosh Sord, I'm impressed. I didn't know you were a gardener. You should let us see some pictures of your garden. Thanks for commenting on my site.

    • profile image

      sord87 

      8 years ago

      I never know they have a princess in group of aster! a great pics full of colors.I have to clear every flowers just to put a 3 feet asters,could be one day i'll keep some space for aster!Good research and well done,nice hub!

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