All About Roses
Everyone enjoys one of the most popular flowers in the world, the rose. Most everyone would adore having a rose bush growing in their yard. It's not as hard as most people think.
Always plant roses in an area that has well drainage, that receives a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight daily, and is protected from strong winds. In areas where it's cold, plant specimens roots bare in the early spring. In milder areas plant bare-root in early fall or in late winter. Always plant container-grown roses in early summer or late spring.
Only buy plants from reputable sellers. Pick only quality roses. Be conscious to buying from those rated Number 1 of the American Association of nurserymen and for the All-American Rose Selection label or tag on the package.
Cut back dead or damaged canes to firm, living wood before planting bare-root specimens. Trim away overlong roots or damaged roots. Always soak dry roots in muddy water for 24 hours before planting.
The hole to plant your roses in should be one foot deep and one foot across. Plant roses one foot apart for minatures and two foot aprt for ramblers and climbers.
Plant roses so that the bulge above the roots (the bud union) is level to the ground in mild areas. In warmer areas plant one to two inches higher. In colder areas plant one or two inches higher. Place a stake in the ground for a tree rose prior to planting it.
Pile six inches of dirt around the newly planted area to prevent drying out. Slowly remove the mound when the buds start to expand in the spring.
Water the roses thoroughly around the roots in dry weather in the morning about once a week. Use about 1/2 cup of fertilizer around each plant in early spring, midsummer, in warmer areas, and again in late summer and late spring. Never feed during the first year after planting.
It's very important to take special care when temperatures reach below 10 degrees. Always protect your roses from ice and cold. Cover the entire plant. If it is a climbing rose use straw or dried leaves. Roses will not survive in temperatures below 10 degrees if not cared for properly. so take heed and cover those roses.
Fun Facts About Roses:
- There are over 100 species of roses.
- Most modern roses don't have a pleasant scent. Cultivating of the rose has been more focused on the color and bloom and not the smell.
- The rose is 85% of Americans choice of flower.
- In 1986 our President Reagan signed the rose as the United States National flower.
- 60 % of roses in the U.S. are grown in California.
- Rose hips contain more vitamin C than any other vegetable or fruit known.
- On the wall of Hildesheim Cathedral in Germany grows the oldest rose in the world. It has been there for over a thousand years.
- George Washington, the first official president of the United States, bred roses at his home.
- A 35 million old rose was found fossilized in Florissant, Colorado.
- In the 17th century, Samuel de champlain was the first explorer to bring the first cultivated roses to North american.
- Roman Emperer Nero loved showering his guests with fresh rose petals.
Kingdom - Plantae
Class - Magnoliopsida
Order - Rosales
Family - Rosaceae
Genus - Rosa