ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

An Illustrated Guide To Building A Shed Roof

Updated on May 4, 2009

The roof is maybe the most important part of every outdoor shed. Without a good, secure and water resist roof your shed is going to experience water leaks and can quickly start to rot and fall apart.

There are several main types of shed roofs:

  • Gable and Cross Gable
  • Flat roof
  • Mansard gable roof
  • Hipped
  • Pyramidal
  • Shed style roof
  • Gambrel
  • Saltbox
  • Barn style shed roof

All the types of shed roofs have their history and reasons to be choosen. But realization of most types is technically very similar. For this reason in this guide I'll show you how to build one of the simplest roofs - the gable shed roof.

First Step - Install Top Beams

 At this point I assume you have already build the rest of your shed. If you are just starting, you have arrived at the wrong guide. Learn how to build a shed foundations first.

Now, let's get to work. You need four stable beams that should be placed on the top of the shed like shown on the picture below. Assuming your shed walls are abotut 2-3 inches thick, your beams will need to be 4 inches thick.

Use bolts or nails with glue to fix the beams very stable.

Second Step - Prepare Roof Construction

 The Gable roofs have a simple construction of horisontal and vertical beams. On the picture below you will see only a part of your roof for simplicity. Exactly at the middle of the frontal horizontal beam there is a vertical one, perpendicular to it.

Your roof will look the same way on the other side. On the top, there is one more horizontal beam that connects the two verticals.

Step 3 - Prepare Roof Rafters

 The roof now needs diagonal rafters which will support the plywood, plastic or whatever coverage you choose for the roof.

See carefully how each rafter has a diagonally cut stopper at the bottom. This will ensure maximum stability.

Step 4 - Attach The Rafters

 This step is very important. The rafters need to be attached carefully to form a robust construction of triangles. This is a very unbreakable shape!

Make sure that there is rafter on each side exactly in front of the opposite one. See the picture for more clarity.

Final Step - Cover it!

 Your construction is good and stable. You can add even more horizontal joists, but it's good enough as is. Now all you need to do is to get pieces of thick plywood, plastic or sheet iron and cover the roof.

That's it! For more cool guides like this, visit my site with tutorials and guides for building a shed.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      michaelhimpson 

      6 years ago

      hello matt i got it from a mate so this is the site

      and details, they have a wealth of knowledge ,tell them mick give you there number

    • profile imageAUTHOR

      voyo 

      6 years ago

      Sorry I have not noticed your response. Do you mean length? or thickness? If thickness, the rafters should be thicker than your wall

    • profile image

      Ben 

      6 years ago

      Thanks, that info will help greatly! What I meant by the size of the wood is, would you recommend using 2x6's for the rafters or can it be made with something smaller like 2x4's or is that not a good idea? I want it to be strong but I also want to be mindful of the weight.

    • profile imageAUTHOR

      voyo 

      6 years ago

      The size would depend on the roof pitch. You can use this http://shedbuilder.info/roof-pitch-calculator.html and play with it to get the rise (try to get a pitch of 3 or more). Then the rafter size comes easily by just measuring in place or using the Pythagorean equation where (rafter size * rafter size) = (half base * roof rise). Of course the rafters will need to be slightly longer to allow eaves

    • profile image

      Ben 

      6 years ago

      I'm building a roof for my kids' playhouse (think elevated shed/deck) that is 5' x 6'. The roof frame or four beams as you show in step 1 are 2x6's. What size wood would you recommend for the vertical beams, horizontal beam and rafters? I plan on covering the roof with plywood and shingles.

    • profile image

      shedsnhomes 

      7 years ago

      Great information on building a shed . Thanks for sharing keep on updating guys

    • profile imageAUTHOR

      voyo 

      7 years ago

      I guess both are good options, Red

    • profile image

      Red 

      7 years ago

      How long is a piece of string, John?

      Useful info. How do you go about sealing the ends of the rafters, Voyo? What I mean is, just covering the roof would still allow you to see daylight between the rafters. Which is best - putting a soffit across the ends/bottoms of the rafters or filling the spaces where the wall beams are?

    • profile image

      John 

      7 years ago

      Measurements?

    • profile image

      Dothan Roofing 

      7 years ago

      Great tips on roofing...this illustrated guide would help a lot!Thanks :)

    • profile image

      building a shed 

      8 years ago

      Thanks for sharing your insight, Voyo!

      That instruction is indeed easy to understand and very helpful :)

    • carina75 profile image

      carina75 

      8 years ago

      Very good step by step instruction in building a shed roof .exactly in these days our team is building the roof of my new house.Maybe I will be posting some tips from my experience here.

      thanks for sharing all these good tips.

      thanks!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)