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Aquaponic farming in Romania

Updated on January 19, 2015
Aquaponics system
Aquaponics system

Snagov Foundation and Aquaponic farming in Romania

Aquaponic farming is how farmers can grow fish (aquaculture) and vegetable (plant growing on the water) in the same recirculation system and water recycling. This method of growing fish and vegetables began to be practiced by the Aztecs BC.

Currently, aquaponic farming is practiced by some NGOs in America, being less common in Europe. In Romania, the system of producing organic foods has been adopted by a small number of people.

An example is the Snagov Foundation, who initiated such a pilot project to see how effective is an aquaponic system. "Our goal initially was to test if something grows, and the products obtained can be consumed," said Constantin Turmac, ther president of Snagov Foundation.

So, for aquaponics was achieved with an investment of 15,000 euros, a small pond with about 30,000 liters of water on Lake Snagov, where are grown various species of plants, fish, frogs and insects.

In the two years of experiments were conducted recycled water systems, using gravel filter placed in plastic trays. So they made two cultures (one in spring and one in autumn). In this period they planted lettuce, peppers, hot peppers, cabbage, tomatoes and eggplant. Plants grown in water finally gave fruit. Vegetables obtained were not the best looking but were tastier than what can be found in the Romanian hypermarkets. In last winter, NGO representatives have built over the pond a small greenhouse where they planted lettuce on about four square meters. Results were very good.

President of the Foundation contends that he has the resources to expand this project, so the next time will produce more. "Experts say that for the water that we have in the pond we could support a vegetable garden area of about 300 square meters. And if we cultivate intensive with fish, we could increase up to four times the size for plants. And if we had a night light solar, plants could grow twice as fast, "said Turmac.

Fish species for an aquaponics system
Fish species for an aquaponics system
Aquaponics for a small family business
Aquaponics for a small family business

Aquaponic farming as family business

According to analysts, aquaponic agriculture is a solution to produce both on small scale for families and on large scale for farmers. It's a small investment activity in which you can learn more and you could also had your family involved. You get natural vegetable and fish and you will come to understand how vegetables which you find in stores are grown in an artificial way.

The investment for the construction and operation of such a system depends on the varieties grown and the climate. A small aquaponics greenhouse, of 1,000 liters, where can grow on average 22 perches, would cost 2,000 euros. To this is added the cost of operation, which would be about 280 euros for each production cycle (about 6 months).

If we are talking about a business, a greenhouse of 2,000 square meters would require an investment of 300,000 euros. This business would be profitable if there is a sale provided for products made in this way. At the same time, there is the risk that retailers won't accept organic vegetables that are not having a pleasant appearance.

How Aquaponics System works
How Aquaponics System works

How an aquaponics system works?

An aquaponics system component is aquaculture, which implies the existence of a pool of fish and its growth. In the pool, fish have fresh water and food to develop. After a while, the water in the pool will be filled with feces and waste from the fish feeding. This water full of organic waste is treated with microbes and beneficial bacteria, which convert waste into nutrients for plants and after that the water passes into the hydroculture system, which is the second component of the aquaponics.

Through the hydroculture system, plants and crops are grown in nutrient-rich water that passed to the cultivation of vegetables area from the fish tank. For a while, the water is used by plants that consume nutrients from it and fill with vegetable waste. Consuming nutrients from water by "layers" of vegetables cause the water to become again usable for fish, so it is pumped back to the fish tank and recirculation process starts again.

An aquaponics system operates continuously under water recycling and recirculation between fish pond and hydroponic layers, thereby minimizing the requirement for water or fertilizer.

Small scale aquaponics system for hobbyists

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    • Romanian profile image
      Author

      Nicu 2 years ago from Oradea, Romania

      @LadyFiddler , thanks for your feedback, and I wish you a wonderful day.

    • LadyFiddler profile image

      Joanna Chandler 2 years ago from On planet Earth

      Very Interesting and well done hub.

      Keep up the good work

      ~~ A bless day to you ~~

    • Romanian profile image
      Author

      Nicu 2 years ago from Oradea, Romania

      @DzyMsLizzy , thanks for your feedback. You're right, there are too much chemicals in our food, and we should ban these kind of foods.

    • DzyMsLizzy profile image

      Liz Elias 2 years ago from Oakley, CA

      This was very interesting, and something more countries should explore. Here in the USA, there is far too much chemical meddling with our food supply, to satisfy the greedy profit motive of the commercial agri-business corporations.

      So many countries have banned GMO foods; we should do the same!

      Voted up, interesting, useful and shared.

    • Romanian profile image
      Author

      Nicu 2 years ago from Oradea, Romania

      ladyguitarpicker , your right, this tipe of food it's more natural. Thanks for your feedback.

    • ladyguitarpicker profile image

      stella vadakin 2 years ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

      My friend does a lot of this type of farming. I feel so much better because of less fertilizers and pesticides on the vegetables. A really good hub. Voted up.

    • Romanian profile image
      Author

      Nicu 2 years ago from Oradea, Romania

      hostaguy , You're right, maybe I will try this to next years.

    • hostaguy profile image

      frank nyikos 2 years ago from 8374 E State Rd 45 Unionville IN 47468

      I am amazed how quickly this type of farming is spreading around the world. Good job.

    • Romanian profile image
      Author

      Nicu 2 years ago from Oradea, Romania

      Patsybell , thanks for your appreciation, I'm glad you like it.

      ChitrangadaSharan , I'm glad you find my hub informative and educative, thanks for your feedback.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      This is really very informative and interesting! Never heard of aquaponic farming, but your hub enlightened me.

      Lovely pictures and an educative hub. Thanks for sharing and voted up!

      Welcome to HubPages and wish you great times ahead. Thanks for the follow as well!

    • Patsybell profile image

      Patsy Bell Hobson 2 years ago from zone 6a, SEMO

      This is interesting. I like the small scale version, that makes this clear to individuals. Voted Up,IU,tweet,share.