Attract Bees to your Garden plant Native flowers
The best thing about planting a bee garden is how simple it is. There are only two very important factors to consider, native plant species and diversity.
When planting a garden to attract bees you will want to confer with your local nursery. They will be able to inform you of the native plants you should use. There are two important aspects of plants you should consider. Native plants produce more nectar and more pollen which is what the bees want. Most hybrid varieties have been breed to have certain traits such as disease tolerance or specific visual traits. During the production of these hybrid varieties sometimes the vital aspects for bee survival are breed out, nectar and pollen production. I have included a list of common flowers that will attract bees.
Here is a link to a List of native New Hampshire flowers
Aster- Means Star in Latin, for the shape of its flower. There are over 180 species of asters and this hardy flower will grow thorough all of the North America.
Black-eyed Susan - Also called the brown-eye Susan, Brown Daisy or Brown Bettyamong many others has four varieties. Two of these will grow in New England. The other two are southern varieties.
Creosote Bush- Has been used as a medicinal herb. In Spanish it means “governess,” due to its ability to absorb more water, by stopping other plants from growing to close to it. The King Clone is among the oldest living organisms on earth at 11,700 years old and thriving in the Mojave Desert
Elder- or Elderberry has between 5 and 30 species ranging from shrubs to small trees. There are varieties of this flower that will grow throughout the world but are more common in the Northern Hemisphere. Some Europeans produce elderflower syrup that is used with pancakes.
Goldenrod- Is typically seen growing along the roadside and in fields and pastures throughout North America. This perennial has very sticky and heavy pollen and relies heavily on insect pollination. Some varieties do grow in Mexico. And warmer climates
Joe-Pye- is a prarie native with a large, puffy flower. The Joe-pye blooms in late summer, growing 2-6 feet tall and 2-4 feet wide, throughout most of the United States. It has an extensive root system, so even though it prefers moist soil, it can be quite drought resistant because of it. The joe-pye is also deer resistant, which is good in helping to keep your yard TICK FREE. Butterflies love this flower as well.
Lupine- translates to wolf like, and is actually in the pea family. Lupine id predominately a western plant with an extensive range. It has compound leaves and the flowers of the Lupine, which it has many, and they are grouped in spikes around the stem typically purplish-blue in color
Oregon Grape-Is actually various types of evergreen shrubs. Predominately in northwestern North America. The Oregon grape has spiny-toothed leaflets. It blooms yellow flowers, which give way to blue-black berries
Bloodroot- is a perennial wildflower native to Eastern North American forests. This plant has a single white flower in early spring. The fleshy rootstock contains a poisonous red sap, which, has been known to be used as a dye.
Will You plant flowers to attract bees this spring???
BEE FUN FACTS
Bee fact 1: The common honeybee common today is not native to North America. Honeybees originated in South East Asia, and were introduced to North America by Europeans. These bees were introduced to the Americas around 1622
Bee fact 2: yes there were native species of honeybees in the Americas. These bees were kept and traded by the indigenous people.
Bee Fact 3: Bees only eat honey. This is not true. Bees do in fact eat honey. They also eat pollen. A typical hive will collect approximately 66 lbs of pollen per year. Bees eat pollen, as it is high in protein, about 35%, pollen also contains about 10% of sugars, carbohydrates, minerals and enzymes. Pollen also contains several vitamins essential to the bee’s survival, including vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B5, C, H, and R.
Bee fact 4: bees die in winter. Not true, during the winter months or when the temperature drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit bees stop flying. They form a swarm around the queen in the center of the hive. As the weather gets colder the cluster tightens. They ensure that no bee gets to cold they are constantly shifting from the outer edges of the cluster, where the temperature stays around 48 degrees Fahrenheit to the center of the cluster, where the temperature remains about 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Inside the hive heat is also produced by the natural oxidization of the honey itself. As the honey oxidizes it naturally releases heat, which is circulated around the hive by the fanning of the worker bees wings. During this time in the hive the bees feed of their stored honey reserves that they have worked so hard to produce throughout the summer months.